After Us senate Bill 7 entered into effect in January 2002, virtually 6 million power customers came to be eligible to pick their power distributor. That number has grown with the years. By decontrolling the state's energy market, the Texas Us senate gave constituents the power to select. The procedure of power deregulation in Texas took down the energies' monopoly over the electrical market as well as urged consumers to discover their energy options.

In deregulation of electrical energy markets, one prompt concern with pricing is that incumbent electricity service providers would damage the prices of brand-new participants, protecting against competitors as well as continuing the existing syndicate of companies. Therefore, the SB7 costs introduced a phase-in duration during which a cost flooring would certainly be developed (for incumbent electricity business) to avoid this predatory method, permitting brand-new market participants to become established. As of 2007 Texas investor had utility affiliates no longer have cost to defeat tolls.
Energy companies are liable for transmission as well as distribution of electricity also in energy decontrolled parts of Texas and ought to be called in case of a power blackout. Your retail energy distributor might supply you competitive electric prices or exceptional customer support, however they can not fix high-voltage line or restore your solution. When it comes to an emergency, call:
After Us senate Expense 7 entered into result in January 2002, nearly 6 million power customers came to be qualified to pick their power vendor. That number has grown via the years. By deregulating the state's power market, the Texas Senate provided constituents the power to pick. The process of power deregulation in Texas took apart the energies' monopoly over the electrical market and also encouraged clients to discover their energy options.
Thousands of customers and also companies that have actually used our power price contrast procedure concur that, when shopping for business electrical energy or domestic power rates and also plans, our website is the one-stop source for the finest choices from top electric suppliers.
You want to be smart about it when you're shopping for wonderful Texas electricity suppliers. Your choices surpass Texas electrical energy prices. We not only uses lots, yet you can enroll in incentives programs, refer your pals, track your use by home appliance, and much more. Required a lot more persuading? The firm gives back to the community and has wonderful client service by phone, Facebook, as well as Twitter. It was established in Texas and offers Texans ... and it's just the cool Texas brand name.
Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll lock in an electrical energy price for the term of your contract. If the rate stability of a fixed-rate plan appears like the best alternative for you, secure in your power rate, which provides complimentary electrical energy.
Texas has electricity usage of $24 billion a year, the greatest among the U.S. states. Its annual consumption is comparable to that of Great Britain as well as Spain, and also if the state were an independent country, its electrical energy market would be the 11th biggest in the globe. Texas generates the most wind electrical power in the U.S., but likewise has the highest possible Co2 Emissions of any state. Since 2012, Texas residential electrical energy rates placed 31st in the United States and ordinary monthly household electric costs in Texas were the 5th highest in the country.
Texas Best Deal Electricity Suppliers
We advocate for customers as well as examine service providers in the Texas electricity market for features and attributes that common energy consumers may miss out on, such as high down payments, variable rates, rewards, "free" strategies, as well as minimum usage strategies. Our goal is to aid consumers find the very best electrical power companies to fit their private requirements, as well as educate consumers about prospective marketplace pitfalls.
Fixed-rate supply strategies use price-protected supply rates for the length of a term agreement. The price per kilowatt hour (kWh) will certainly remain the very same throughout your term, even if the marketplace cost rises and fall. A fixed-rate supply plan can vary from three months to five years, so it is essential to discover the term length that functions finest for your circumstance.
Because the Texas electricity market open up to competition in 2002, numerous Texas citizens have had the opportunity to select their very own electrical power carrier. As opposed to depending on their local energy to give them with electrical power, most Texans can pick from a selection of competitive carriers, permitting them to look around for the excellent electrical power strategy for their way of lives and also homes.
Texas has electricity consumption of $24 billion a year, the highest possible amongst the UNITED STATE states. Its yearly intake is similar to that of Wonderful Britain and Spain, and also if the state were an independent nation, its electrical power market would certainly be the 11th biggest worldwide. Texas generates the many wind power in the UNITED STATE, but also has the highest possible Carbon Dioxide Emissions of any state. As of 2012, Texas property electrical energy prices placed 31st in the United States and ordinary month-to-month property electric costs in Texas were the 5th highest in the country.
Because 2002, approximately 85% of commercial as well as business customers have switched over power companies at the very least when. Around 40% of residential customers in deregulated areas have actually switched over from the former incumbent provider to an affordable REP.

Fixed-rate supply plans use price-protected supply rates for the length of a term agreement. The price per kilowatt hr (kWh) will stay the very same throughout your term, also if the marketplace price fluctuates. A fixed-rate supply strategy can vary from three months to five years, so it's crucial to find the term size that works best for your circumstance.
In the initial decade of retail electrical deregulation in Texas, the market experienced dramatic changes in both metrics. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electric suppliers using 258 various cost strategies to domestic clients in that market. Similar boosts in the number of retail electrical companies and available strategies have been understood in other deregulated electricity market locations with the state.
In finding you the very best Texas electric prices, we just detail electrical business that have terrific organization security, outstanding solution, ecological awareness, as well as clear prices. This protects you from carriers that might quickly go out of organization, are unattentive to consumers, are environmentally unsound, or might wind up charging you a greater price than advertised.
Thousands of customers as well as organizations that have used our power rate contrast process concur that, when shopping for business electrical power or property power prices as well as strategies, our website is the one-stop resource for the best options from leading electrical suppliers.
In environmental effect, results are combined. With the capability to spend profits to please additional power need, producers like TXU are proposing eleven brand-new coal-fired power plants. Coal nuclear power plant are less costly than all-natural gas-fired power plants, but produce even more contamination.
Texas Electric Utility Companies Near Me
The PUC's objective is to safeguard consumers, foster competitors, and promote top notch facilities. In enhancement to managing the states electric utilities and also applying legislation, the PUC uses Texas residents help in solving consumer grievances. If you have an issue with your electrical energy business you can go to the main PUC website and also submit a casual problem.
One wanted result of the competition is reduced power prices. In the very first couple of years after the deregulation in 2002, the household price for electricity raised seven times, with the rate to beat at about 15 cents per kilowatt hr in 2006. Nonetheless, while prices to customers enhanced 43% from 2002 to 2004, the expenses of inputs climbed faster, by 63%, revealing that not all rises have been birthed by customers.
In this free enterprise contending power stores acquire electrical energy wholesale from private power generators to cost retail to around 80% of Texas citizens. The collaboration between generators as well as retailers is controlled by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which attempts to balance the power grid's electricity supply and need by acquiring small amounts of electricity at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.

Several retail electricity companies in Texas desire to be your choice for electrical power. Considering that the electricity market opened, much more and also more electrical energy providers have gone into the market with various strategies as well as products. Business use a plethora of electricity strategies and also advantages so clients can discover the electrical power plan that finest fits their demands. If the cost stability of a fixed-rate strategy appears like the best option for you, secure in your electrical energy rate, which supplies free electricity.
The company is the location site for Texas locals and also entrepreneur to share their opinions and also have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Power Market. We provide everyday upgraded info about power prices in Houston, Dallas, Fort Worth, Arlington, and also numerous various other cities in Texas. The business aids people make informed purchasing decisions with its consumer evaluates platform and is a dependable source for valuable customer insight, advice, extensive energy business service examinations, and also individualized recommendations. Given that 2009, we've aided over 2.1 million buyers discover the best energy companies as well as prices.
Fixed-rate strategies: Fixed-rate plans offer clients much more security for their month-to-month power expenses due to the fact that the price a client signs up with is the rate she or he spends for the size of the plan's contract. Many fluctuation includes usage, though transmission and also shipment fees as well as regional fees likewise can transform. Since a fixed-rate strategy sometimes extends two-three years, these plans often call for a client credit history check and also can include early termination costs. Fixed-rate plans, as a result of the continuing market volatility, possibly are the very best selection for lots of customers.
We thoroughly evaluate Texas electrical energy companies in your area. We list electrical energy prices and strategies from leading service providers in an easy to use style on our website, so you can contrast the info. We take care of the intricate worries and factors to consider, so you don't need to. With our aid, you no more require to track down various power firms, prices, as well as strategies, due to the fact that we provide all the details you require to select the very best carrier.
Fixed-Rate strategy: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll secure a power price for the regard to your agreement. One of the most common term sizes are 6, 12, and 24 months. The majority of fixed-rate strategies charge customers a very early discontinuation cost if they switch over carriers before their contract ends, yet your power price will stay steady via the periods. On the various other hand, you might miss out on out on reduced expenses from a recession in energy prices. If the price security of a fixed-rate plan appears like the most effective alternative for you, lock in your electrical energy price, which supplies totally free electricity.
Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll lock in an electrical power rate for the term of your agreement. If the rate security of a fixed-rate strategy appears like the best alternative for you, secure in your power price, which provides cost-free electrical energy.
In environmental effect, results are mixed. With the capacity to invest profits to please further power demand, manufacturers like TXU are proposing eleven new coal-fired nuclear power plant. Coal nuclear power plant are less expensive than all-natural gas-fired nuclear power plant, but create even more contamination.
Texas Compare Gas Providers

The power to select supply prices from retail power companies in Texas encompasses services, not simply citizens. Local business owner who care regarding the bottom line should most definitely think about looking around. To purchase Texas electric rates for an organization, call us with your power usage info or complete our basic informational type so a power representative can contact you with a free customized quote.

It also reveals whether the rate is high or reduced compared to general electrical power market prices. By doing all the computations for the consumer, the business can show clients what their finest power choices are when they go shopping for Texas electrical energy no matter what TDU area they are in.
According to a 2014 report record the Texas Coalition union Affordable Power (TCAP), "deregulation cost Price about $22 billion from 2002 to 2012.
The company is the destination web site for Texas homeowners and also company owner to share their point of views as well as have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Power Market. We offer everyday updated info regarding power prices in Houston, Dallas, Fort Well Worth, Arlington, and also numerous other cities in Texas. The company assists people make educated acquiring decisions with its customer evaluates platform as well as is a trusted resource for useful customer understanding, suggestions, extensive power business solution assessments, and also tailored referrals. Since 2009, we've assisted over 2.1 million shoppers locate the best power carriers and rates.
In discovering you the very best Texas electric rates, we just note electrical companies that have excellent service security, exceptional service, environmental awareness, and transparent pricing. This protects you from carriers that could quickly fail, are unattentive to clients, are environmentally unbalanced, or might finish up charging you a higher rate than promoted.
Variable-rate supply strategies, as the name recommends, have a rate that varies based on the marketplace price of electrical energy. Seasonal as well as market changes can influence supply prices. While variable-rate supply strategies can enable you to make use of market-price lows, there is the opportunity of paying for high supply rates when demand goes to its height. These plans use great flexibility.

According to a common economic theory, prices are efficiently figured out in a clear as well as fair market, and also not by a political or academic body. In deregulation of electrical energy markets, one immediate interest in prices is that incumbent electricity service providers would certainly damage the costs of brand-new entrants, protecting against competitors and also continuing the existing monopoly of carriers. Thus, the SB7 costs introduced a phase-in duration during which a rate floor would certainly be developed (for incumbent power business) to avoid this predatory practice, enabling brand-new market participants to end up being established. New market participants might bill a cost listed below the rate to beat, but incumbents could not. This duration was to last from 2002 to January 1, 2007. As of 2007 Texas financier had utility affiliates no more have rate to beat tariffs.


Fixed-rate supply strategies supply price-protected supply prices for the length of a term agreement. The rate per kilowatt hr (kWh) will remain the same throughout your term, even if the marketplace price rises and fall. A fixed-rate supply plan can vary from three months to five years, so it is very important to find the term size that works ideal for your scenario.
A rate to beat dealt with at the real wholesale procurement price of electricity does not offer potential participants a margin to contend versus incumbent utilities. Second, the rate to defeat would have to be reasonably low, to make it possible for as several consumers as feasible to proceed to consume electrical energy throughout the transition duration.

Texas presently produces and eats more power than any various other state in the nation. This power consumption is due to its size, however the ample land makes it a significant manufacturer of wind power-- an eco-friendly, or green, energy resource. The eco friendly power produced by wind power is readily available to lots of Texas citizens to supply the electrical energy in their residence or organization.


In discovering you the most effective Texas electrical rates, we just detail electrical business that have terrific service stability, exceptional service, ecological recognition, and also clear rates. This safeguards you from carriers that could quickly go out of service, are unattentive to customers, are ecologically unsound, or might end up billing you a greater rate than marketed.
In locating you the ideal Texas electrical prices, we only note electric companies that have excellent business security, excellent service, environmental understanding, as well as transparent prices. This shields you from providers that could soon fail, are unattentive to clients, are ecologically unbalanced, or may end up charging you a greater price than marketed.

The company is the destination web site for Texas locals as well as entrepreneur to share their opinions and also have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Energy Market. We offer day-to-day updated info regarding electrical energy rates in Houston, Dallas, Ft Well Worth, Arlington, and thousands of other cities in Texas. The business helps people make notified acquiring choices through its customer evaluates system and is a dependable source for important customer insight, advice, thorough energy firm service analyses, and tailored referrals. Considering that 2009, we've helped over 2.1 million shoppers locate the most effective power companies and prices.
Fixed-rate supply plans provide price-protected supply rates for the length of a term contract. The price per kilowatt hour (kWh) will certainly stay the exact same throughout your term, even if the market rate fluctuates. A fixed-rate supply strategy can vary from three months to five years, so it's important to discover the term length that functions finest for your circumstance.
Power to Choose is a program run by the Public Energy Payment of Texas. The program gives a very easy to make use of, on the internet device that provide citizens of the state the chance to compare rates, plans and various other energy choices.
In this totally free market contending electrical energy merchants get power wholesale from personal power generators to offer at retail to around 80% of Texas homeowners. The collaboration between generators and also merchants is governed by the Electric Integrity Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which attempts to balance the power grid's power supply and also demand by acquiring tiny quantities of power at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.
Compared to the rest of the country, data from the UNITED STATE Power Info Management which publishes annual state electrical prices shows that Texas' electrical rates did climb over the nationwide ordinary instantly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, but, from 2010 to 2015 have actually relocated considerably listed below the nationwide ordinary cost per kWh, with a total expense of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 nationally, or 17 percent lower in Texas. In between 2002-2014 the total cost to Texas consumers is estimated to be $24B, a standard of $5,100 per home, more than equivalent markets under state guideline.
The PUC's objective is to safeguard customers, foster competition, and promote top quality facilities. Along with controlling the states electric utilities and also executing regulation, the PUC offers Texas locals aid in resolving customer problems. , if you have a complaint with your electrical energy firm you can go to the main PUC web site and submit an informal problem.
Texas has electrical energy usage of $24 billion a year, the highest possible among the UNITED STATE states. Its annual consumption is equivalent to that of Fantastic Britain and also Spain, and also if the state were an independent country, its electrical energy market would be the 11th biggest worldwide. Texas creates the most wind electrical energy in the U.S., yet additionally has the highest possible Co2 Emissions of any state. As of 2012, Texas domestic electrical power rates ranked 31st in the USA as well as average monthly residential electrical costs in Texas were the fifth greatest in the nation.
Fixed-rate supply strategies offer price-protected supply rates for the length of a term agreement. The cost per kilowatt hour (kWh) will remain the same throughout your term, also if the marketplace price changes. A fixed-rate supply strategy can range from 3 months to 5 years, so it is essential to find the term size that works ideal for your circumstance.
Thousands of consumers and services that have utilized our power price contrast procedure concur that, when shopping for industrial power or household electrical energy rates and plans, our site is the one-stop resource for the finest choices from top electric companies. 

In this totally free market competing electrical power stores buy electrical energy wholesale from exclusive power generators to market at retail to around 80% of Texas homeowners. The partnership in between merchants and also generators is regulated by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to balance the power grid's electrical power supply and also demand by buying percentages of electrical power at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.
According to a 2014 report record the Texas Coalition for Affordable Power (TCAP), "deregulation cost Expense about Regarding22 billion from 2002 to 2012.
In Texas, the average family makes use of a standard of 77 million Btu of electrical energy per year, which is roughly 14% less than the national standard. Breaking these stats down even additional programs us that electrical power usage in the average Texan home is 26% greater than the rest of the United States, however this isn't much higher than a number of other states that are closest to Texas.
In Texas, the typical home utilizes approximately 77 million Btu of power per year, which is around 14% much less than the national standard. Breaking these stats down also additional programs us that electrical power usage in the typical Texan residence is 26% greater than the remainder of the United States, nonetheless this isn't much greater than several other states that are closest to Texas. When it concerns cost, the ordinary overall family costs per year is $1,9217. This amount places among the greatest across America, but other states that commonly see rising temperature levels in the summertime period aren't far behind.
According to a 2014 report by the Texas Coalition for Affordable Power (TCAP), "deregulation cost Texans concerning $22 billion from 2002 to 2012. And also citizens in the decontrolled market pay prices that are substantially greater than those that reside in components of the state that are still regulated. TCAP discovered that the ordinary customer living in one of the areas that decided out of deregulation, such as Austin as well as San Antonio, paid $288 less in 2012 than customers in the decontrolled areas."
Considering that the power market opened up, much more and also a lot more power providers have actually gotten in the market with various plans and items. Firms provide a wide variety of electricity strategies and advantages so clients can find the electricity strategy that best fits their needs.
Texas Compare Electricity Rates
Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll secure an electrical energy price for the term of your agreement. The most typical term lengths are 6, 12, as well as 24 months. Most fixed-rate strategies bill consumers a very early discontinuation fee if they switch over suppliers before their agreement ends, yet your electrical energy price will certainly stay secure through the periods. On the other hand, you may miss out on out on reduced costs from a decline in energy costs. If the cost stability of a fixed-rate strategy seems like the very best alternative for you, secure in your electrical power rate, which supplies free electrical power.

The Public Energy Commission (PUC) has a site to aid you find and also contrast all the electrical power plans and also providers in your location. You can filter your options based on your use, your liked plan kind, as well as numerous other variables. You can sign up directly from their internet site as soon as you have actually selected the retail electrical energy supplier that finest matches your needs.

Variable-rate plan: A variable-rate plan indicates the price you pay for your electricity may vary based on the market price of power. Variable-rate plans are flexible due to the fact that you are not locked right into an agreement; nonetheless, you'll pay a greater cost in high-demand periods like summer.


Texas power rates get on their way down again. After a summer spike, power rates throughout Texas have fallen. Energy officials were concerned regarding having enough electrical power to fulfill peak summertime demand. This led to electricity service providers boosting the prices on their fixed price strategies in expectancy of greater wholesale power costs.
Thousands of customers and also organizations that have utilized our power rate contrast procedure concur that, when purchasing for industrial electrical power or residential electrical energy prices and plans, our site is the one-stop source for the best alternatives from leading electric companies.
When you utilize our rate comparison procedure, service providers know that they are competing to win your service. As a result, they offer cheap electric rates in hopes of becoming your brand-new Texas electricity company. This advantages both you as well as the service provider you pick. You receive a cheap electric price and the plan of your option, and also the provider includes another completely satisfied consumer.
The Texas Us Senate Costs 7, passed in 2002, provided 5.6 million Texans the power to choose a retail electric service provider (REPRESENTATIVE) to provide electrical energy to their residence or company. This bill helped with a competitive power marketplace that 80 percent of Texans can take advantage of today. Energy selection is available to homeowners in Houston, Dallas/Fort Worth in addition to various other cities in Texas.
After Us senate Bill 7 went into effect in January 2002, virtually 6 million power consumers came to be eligible to select their energy provider. That number has actually grown with the years. By deregulating the state's energy market, the Texas Us senate offered constituents the power to choose. The process of energy deregulation in Texas dismantled the energies' syndicate over the electrical market as well as encouraged customers to discover their power options.
Variable-rate supply plans, as the name recommends, have a rate that differs based on the market price of electrical power. While variable-rate supply plans can allow you to take advantage of market-price lows, there is the possibility of paying for high supply rates when demand is at its optimal.
There are various choices for term sizes in the Texas power market. Various term sizes commonly have various rate factors, so if you're extra versatile with the size of your contract, you could get a cheaper price. Contracts with shorter term sizes are great if you prefer to prevent a lasting commitment while longer agreements normally supply the benefit of longer-term rate security.
A lot of Texas electricity providers provide plans that include a portion of energy sourced from eco-friendly resources, such as hydro power, wind power and solar power. In enhancement to eco-friendly power strategies, numerous Texas vendors offer consumers the alternative to acquire eco-friendly power certifications, or RECs, that additional counter clients' carbon discharges.
In order to prompt access right into the marketplace, the rate to defeat would certainly have to be high sufficient to allow for a moderate revenue by new participants. Thus, it needed to be above the cost of inputs such as gas and also coal. As an example, a price to defeat taken care of at the actual wholesale purchase price of electrical power does not offer potential participants a margin to contend versus incumbent utilities. Second, the cost to beat would certainly need to be reasonably low, to enable as many consumers as possible to remain to eat power during the change period.
The Texas Senate Costs 7, come on 2002, provided 5.6 million Texans the power to choose a retail electric carrier (ASSOCIATE) to supply electrical energy to their residence or company. This costs helped with an affordable power marketplace that 80 percent of Texans can exploit on today. Energy option is offered to homeowners in Houston, Dallas/Fort Worth as well as other cities in Texas.

In the initial decade of retail electrical deregulation in Texas, the market experienced dramatic changes in both metrics. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electrical carriers supplying 258 various cost strategies to property customers in that market. Comparable increases in the number of retail electrical service providers and also available strategies have actually been recognized in other deregulated electrical power market areas with the state.
In order to trigger access right into the market, the price to defeat would have to be high sufficient to enable for a modest earnings by brand-new participants. Hence, it needed to be over the price of inputs such as natural gas and coal. As an example, a rate to defeat repaired at the actual wholesale procurement rate of power does not offer possible entrants a margin to compete versus incumbent energies. Second, the cost to beat would need to be moderately reduced, to make it possible for as several consumers as feasible to remain to consume electrical energy during the shift duration.
Because the Texas electricity market opened to competitors in 2002, lots of Texas citizens have actually had the opportunity to choose their very own electricity supplier. Instead of relying on their regional utility to supply them with electricity, a lot of Texans can pick from a variety of affordable service providers, allowing them to shop about for the excellent electricity prepare for their homes and way of lives.

Several retail electricity providers in Texas want to be your option for power. Considering that the electrical power market opened up, more and also extra electricity carriers have actually gone into the market with numerous plans and items. Business provide a plethora of electrical energy plans and advantages so customers can find the electrical energy plan that ideal fits their requirements. If the rate stability of a fixed-rate plan seems like the finest option for you, secure in your electricity price, which provides free electrical energy.


An additional positive environmental influence is the effect of greater energy rates on customer selections, similar to the US market pattern towards more fuel-efficient autos. As electric costs have actually climbed, citizens are reducing their electrical use by utilizing more moderate thermostat settings, installing insulation, mounting solar displays, as well as various other such activities. Texas energies are likewise setting up sophisticated electricity meters that might eventually allow variable prices based upon the time of day. This would allow energy customers to conserve money by more customizing their intake based on whether it took place throughout the peak demand duration (high cost/high pollution) or the off-peak (evening time).

Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll lock in an electrical power rate for the term of your agreement. If the cost stability of a fixed-rate strategy appears like the finest alternative for you, lock in your electrical energy rate, which gives cost-free power.
Given that the electricity market opened, increasingly more electrical energy companies have entered the market with different strategies and items. Business provide a multitude of electricity plans and benefits so customers can locate the electricity strategy that finest fits their requirements. While it's wonderful to have so many options, it can be hard and also complex to choose an electrical power plan. With options like fixed-rate, variable-rate, and prepaid strategies, in addition to differing cost options, term lengths and rewards, purchasing an electrical energy plan can be a frustrating job.
The General Public Utility Commission (PUC) has a website to aid you contrast and also find all the power strategies as well as carriers in your location. You can filter your options based on your use, your chosen plan kind, as well as numerous other variables. When you have actually picked the retail power carrier that finest matches your demands, you can join directly from their site.

In the initial decade of retail electrical deregulation in Texas, the market experienced significant adjustments in both metrics. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electrical carriers providing 258 different rate strategies to residential customers in that market. Similar rises in the number of retail electric service providers as well as readily available plans have been understood in various other deregulated electricity market locations with the state.
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