A price to defeat taken care of at the real wholesale procurement cost of power does not provide possible participants a margin to contend against incumbent energies. Second, the cost to beat would certainly have to be moderately reduced, to make it possible for as numerous customers as feasible to proceed to eat electricity during the change period.
These systems produce heat in one of four means: various other, gas, power as well as all-natural gas. Just over half of homes in Texas use electricity to run their heating units.
In Texas, the ordinary family makes use of approximately 77 million Btu of electrical energy annually, which is roughly 14% less than the nationwide standard. Damaging these statistics down also further programs us that electricity usage in the typical Texan home is 26% more than the remainder of the United States, nonetheless this isn't much higher than numerous other states that are closest to Texas. The average complete house costs per year is $1,9217 when it comes to set you back. This amount ranks amongst the highest across America, however other states that usually see soaring temperatures in the summertime season aren't far behind.
Compared to the remainder of the nation, information from the UNITED STATE Energy Information Administration which publishes annual state electric rates shows that Texas' electrical costs did rise over the nationwide average quickly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, however, from 2010 to 2015 have moved considerably below the nationwide ordinary price per kWh, with a complete cost of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 country wide, or 17 percent lower in Texas. Between 2002-2014 the complete expense to Texas consumers is estimated to be $24B, approximately $5,100 per house, even more than equivalent markets under state regulation.
In this free enterprise competing electrical power retailers purchase electrical power wholesale from private power generators to sell at retail to about 80% of Texas residents. The partnership between retailers as well as generators is controlled by the Electric Integrity Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to balance the power grid's electricity supply and also need by buying percentages of electrical energy at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.

Numerous retail electrical energy companies in Texas wish to be your choice for electrical energy. We are committed to assisting you quickly assess the various electrical energy strategies offered to Texas houses and services. We are an independent resource of info to aid you compare the very best Texas power prices efficiently and effectively.

Several retail electrical power carriers in Texas want to be your choice for electrical energy. Because the electrical energy market opened, a lot more as well as more electricity providers have entered the market with numerous strategies and also items. Business supply a wide range of electrical energy plans as well as benefits so clients can find the electrical energy strategy that finest fits their demands. If the cost security of a fixed-rate plan seems like the best option for you, lock in your electrical power rate, which gives totally free electrical power.

If you think you need to pay the rates your existing power carrier costs, we have great information. The state of Texas enables you to pick which electrical energy provider you use. This suggests you can pick a company that has the most affordable Texas electric rates in your location and the very best plan for your needs, whether you need a far better deal for your home, your business, or both. Countless customers and businesses that have actually utilized our electrical power rate contrast procedure agree that, when buying business electrical energy or residential power rates as well as plans, our site is the one-stop source for the very best options from leading electrical service providers.
In the initial years of retail electrical deregulation in Texas, the market experienced dramatic modifications in both metrics. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electrical suppliers using 258 different rate plans to domestic customers in that market. Similar rises in the number of retail readily available plans as well as electrical carriers have been recognized in various other decontrolled electrical energy market areas with the state.
After Senate Costs 7 entered into effect in January 2002, almost 6 million power clients ended up being qualified to choose their energy vendor. That number has grown via the years. By decontrolling the state's power market, the Texas Senate offered components the power to select. The process of power deregulation in Texas took down the energies' monopoly over the electrical market and urged consumers to discover their power options.
Texas currently produces as well as consumes more power than any other state in the country. This energy usage results from its dimension, yet the ample land makes it a significant producer of wind power-- a sustainable, or environment-friendly, energy resource. The environmentally friendly energy created by wind power is readily available to several Texas residents to provide the electrical power in their residence or company.
We carefully evaluate Texas electrical energy carriers in your location. With our aid, you no much longer need to track down different power companies, prices, as well as plans, due to the fact that we supply all the details you need to pick the best provider.
In this free enterprise competing electrical energy sellers purchase electrical power wholesale from personal power generators to cost retail to around 80% of Texas locals. The collaboration between generators and also retailers is controlled by the Electric Integrity Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to stabilize the power grid's electrical energy supply and also need by buying tiny amounts of electricity at 15-minute periods throughout the day.
With the power to select a supply plan, purchasing affordable Texas electrical prices might possibly save you loan on your month-to-month electrical power bills. Web sites can help you contrast retail power companies in Texas, locating the supply plan that is right for you. Best of all, there isn't any type of danger when you go shopping Texas electrical energy. Simple enter your ZIP code to start discovering electrical supply prices in your location.
Texas electrical energy rates are on their method down once again. After a summertime spike, electrical power prices throughout Texas have fallen.

Since the Texas electrical energy market open up to competition in 2002, lots of Texas homeowners have actually had the chance to pick their own electrical power supplier. Instead of depending on their neighborhood energy to offer them with electrical power, most Texans can pick from a variety of competitive service providers, permitting them to search for the perfect electricity prepare for their residences as well as way of lives.
Fixed-Rate strategy: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll secure an electrical power rate for the regard to your contract. The most usual term sizes are 6, 12, as well as 24 months. Many fixed-rate strategies charge clients a very early termination charge if they switch suppliers prior to their agreement ends, yet your power rate will certainly remain steady through the periods. On the various other hand, you might lose out on lower costs from a slump in energy rates. If the rate security of a fixed-rate plan seems like the most effective choice for you, secure in your electrical power rate, which provides cost-free electrical power.
The Texas Us Senate Costs 7, passed in 2002, gave 5.6 million Texans the power to select a retail electric provider (REPRESENTATIVE) to provide electrical power to their residence or organization. This costs promoted a competitive energy industry that 80 percent of Texans can maximize today. Power selection is readily available to homeowners in Houston, Dallas/Fort Worth along with other cities in Texas.
Green power plans are supported 100% by Renewable Power Certifications (RECs) that are bought and retired in an amount adequate to match your annual usage. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible power commodity in the USA that represents proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity was created from a qualified sustainable power source like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Terms of Solution to learn more.
We carefully screen Texas power providers in your location. With our aid, you no longer require to track down different electricity companies, prices, and strategies, since we give all the info you require to pick the best supplier.
Texas Electricity Price
The Texas Senate Expense 7, passed in 2002, provided 5.6 million Texans the power to select a retail electric provider (REP) to provide electricity to their residence or business. This costs helped with a competitive energy industry that 80 percent of Texans can take advantage of today. Energy option is offered to homeowners in Houston, Dallas/Fort Well worth in addition to other cities in Texas.
In Texas, the typical home utilizes a standard of 77 million Btu of power annually, which is approximately 14% less than the national standard. Damaging these stats down even additional shows us that electrical energy usage in the typical Texan house is 26% greater than the remainder of the United States, nevertheless this isn't much greater than numerous various other states that are closest to Texas. The typical total house costs per year is $1,9217 when it comes to cost. This amount places among the highest throughout America, yet other states that usually see rising temperature levels in the summertime period aren't far behind.
Multiple retail electrical energy companies in Texas desire to be your selection for electricity. Since the power market opened, extra and also much more electrical energy companies have actually gone into the market with different strategies and items. Business provide a wide variety of electricity plans as well as advantages so clients can discover the power strategy that finest fits their needs. If the price stability of a fixed-rate strategy seems like the ideal alternative for you, secure in your electrical energy rate, which gives totally free power.
Compare Energy Providers Texas
Despite the fact that Texas sees a lot higher temperature levels year round, the majority of homes include and make use of warming systems. These systems generate warmth in one of 4 methods: various other, propane, electrical power and natural gas. Simply over half of houses in Texas utilize electrical energy to run their heating devices. This is a much better standard than the total standard for the nation.
Texas Cheapest Energy Provider
You can usually find this details by looking at your electrical energy bill or by calling your energy provider. According to the Public Energy Commission of Texas, customers can switch service providers without paying a very early termination charge if they schedule the button no earlier than 14 days prior to their current plan ends.

Fixed-Rate strategy: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll secure in an electrical energy price for the term of your contract. One of the most common term sizes are 6, 12, and 24 months. A lot of fixed-rate plans bill customers an early discontinuation charge if they switch over suppliers prior to their agreement expires, but your electrical energy price will stay steady through the periods. On the other hand, you might lose out on reduced bills from a downturn in energy prices. If the cost security of a fixed-rate plan feels like the very best alternative for you, secure your electrical power rate, which gives cost-free electrical energy.


Variable-rate supply strategies, as the name suggests, have a rate that differs based on the market price of power. While variable-rate supply strategies can enable you to take benefit of market-price lows, there is the possibility of paying for high supply rates when need is at its height.

The company is the location website for Texas residents as well as business proprietors to share their point of views and also have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Power Market. We provide daily updated info regarding electricity rates in Houston, Dallas, Fort Worth, Arlington, and also thousands of other cities in Texas. The company aids individuals make educated purchasing decisions through its consumer evaluates platform and is a dependable source for important customer understanding, advice, extensive power business solution evaluations, and tailored referrals. Considering that 2009, we've helped over 2.1 million customers discover the ideal energy service providers and also rates.
Texas Compare Gas And Electricity Prices In My Area
The power to pick supply rates from retail energy firms in Texas encompasses companies, not simply citizens. Company owner who care about the lower line ought to certainly think about shopping about. To buy Texas electric prices for an organization, call us with your power usage information or fill in our straightforward informative kind so an energy rep can call you with a totally free personalized quote.
One preferred effect of the competition is lower electricity prices. In the very first couple of years after the deregulation in 2002, the residential price for electrical power boosted 7 times, with the price to beat at around 15 cents per kilowatt hr in 2006. However, while costs to clients boosted 43% from 2002 to 2004, the prices of inputs climbed much faster, by 63%, revealing that not all increases have actually been birthed by customers.

The power to select supply prices from retail energy companies in Texas includes businesses, not just residents. Local business owner that care regarding the lower line must definitely think about searching. To purchase Texas electric prices for a service, call us with your energy usage details or fill in our straightforward educational form so a power rep can contact you with a free customized quote.


We promote for customers and also assess carriers in the Texas power market for features and also qualities that common energy consumers might miss out on, such as high deposits, variable rates, motivations, "complimentary" plans, as well as minimum usage plans. Our goal is to assist consumers find the very best power suppliers to fit their specific requirements, as well as educate customers regarding prospective marketplace mistakes.

Fixed-Rate strategy: With a fixed-rate plan, you'll lock in an electrical energy price for the term of your contract. If the cost stability of a fixed-rate plan seems like the ideal option for you, secure in your electrical energy rate, which offers complimentary electrical power.
Utility business are accountable for transmission as well as delivery of electrical energy also in power decontrolled components of Texas as well as ought to be gotten in touch with in the occasion of a power interruption. Your retail energy provider may give you competitive electric prices or extraordinary client service, yet they can not repair high-voltage line or restore your service. When it comes to an emergency situation, get in touch with:

If you assume you need to pay the rates your existing electrical power company charges, we have good news. The state of Texas permits you to choose which electrical energy supplier you use. This indicates you can select a carrier that has the most inexpensive Texas electric prices in your location and the very best prepare for your requirements, whether you require a much better offer for your residence, your business, or both. Hundreds of consumers and also businesses that have actually used our electricity price contrast procedure concur that, when purchasing commercial electricity or domestic power rates as well as plans, our site is the one-stop resource for the ideal alternatives from top electrical providers.

Utility business are responsible for transmission and also shipment of electricity even in energy deregulated components of Texas and should be called in the occasion of a power blackout. Your retail energy provider may offer you competitive electric prices or phenomenal client service, but they can not repair power lines or recover your service. In the instance of an emergency situation, get in touch with:
The power to pick supply rates from retail energy companies in Texas extends to companies, not simply locals. Local business owner who care concerning the bottom line must absolutely consider looking around. To go shopping for Texas electrical rates for a service, call us with your power usage info or complete our basic educational type so a power representative can call you with a totally free custom quote.
Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll lock in an electrical energy rate for the term of your agreement. If the cost stability of a fixed-rate strategy appears like the finest choice for you, secure in your electrical energy rate, which gives totally free electrical power.
One wanted impact of the competitors is reduced power prices. In the initial couple of years after the deregulation in 2002, the household rate for electrical power enhanced 7 times, with the cost to defeat at around 15 cents per kilowatt hr in 2006. However, while prices to customers raised 43% from 2002 to 2004, the prices of inputs rose faster, by 63%, revealing that not all increases have been birthed by customers.
Variable-rate plan: A variable-rate strategy means the rate you pay for your electrical energy may rise and fall based on the marketplace cost of energy. Energy rate depends on lots of factors, like weather condition, demand, gas costs, the distribution system and the marketplace. Variable-rate strategies are versatile due to the fact that you are not locked right into an agreement; however, you'll pay a greater rate in high-demand seasons like summer. If you such as to shop around as well as maintain an eye on costs, a variable-rate strategy could be suitable for you.
The Texas Senate Expense 7, passed in 2002, gave 5.6 million Texans the power to select a retail electric supplier (REPRESENTATIVE) to supply electrical power to their residence or business. This costs promoted a competitive power marketplace that 80 percent of Texans can profit from today. Power option is offered to citizens in Houston, Dallas/Fort Well worth along with various other cities in Texas.
We very carefully evaluate Texas electrical power providers in your location. Then, we list power prices and also plans from top carriers in a straightforward format on our site, so you can compare the details. We deal with the complex worries as well as considerations, so you do not have to. With our aid, you no longer need to find different electricity rates, companies, and plans, due to the fact that we supply all the details you require to pick the very best carrier.
Switch Electricity Company Today Texas

According to a 2014 report by the Texas Union for Affordable Power (TCAP), "deregulation expense Texans about $22 billion from 2002 to 2012. And also residents in the deregulated market pay rates that are considerably greater than those who live in parts of the state that are still managed. As an example, TCAP discovered that the typical customer living in one of the areas that opted out of deregulation, such as Austin and also San Antonio, paid $288 less in 2012 than customers in the deregulated locations."

Before you switch companies, you'll need to determine whether you're under a contract with your existing carrier, and if so, how much time you have left on your agreement. You can usually discover this information by looking at your electricity costs or by calling your power service provider. Your existing contract may outline an early discontinuation charge if you pick to change before your agreement is up. According to the Public Energy Compensation of Texas, clients can switch over suppliers without paying a very early termination fee if they set up the button no earlier than 14 days before their current strategy runs out. You'll be able to show the day you want the switch to occur when you alter service providers.
After Senate Bill 7 entered into effect in January 2002, almost 6 million power clients ended up being eligible to select their power supplier. That number has actually grown through the years. By decontrolling the state's energy market, the Texas Us senate offered components the power to select. The process of power deregulation in Texas took apart the energies' monopoly over the electric market and motivated consumers to discover their energy choices.
Over the past summertime, the general public Utilities Commission of Texas has been frustrated by Retail Power Providers utilizing rates tricks that rip off Texas consumers into high regular monthly bills at its Power to Select web site. The PUC of Texas' ideal solution was to modify some sort setups, limit the variety of REPRESENTATIVE plans, and provide a "collection of straightforward PDFs and videos planned to assist as well as notify the consumer." The chairman has even recently said that if the PUCT can not determine an option, then the payment might simply close down the Power to Pick site.

In the very first years of retail electrical deregulation in Texas, the market experienced significant modifications in both metrics. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electric providers providing 258 different cost plans to domestic clients in that market. Similar increases in the number of retail available plans and also electrical service providers have been understood in other deregulated electrical energy market locations with the state.
Texas presently generates and eats extra electrical energy than any type of various other state in the country. This energy intake results from its size, however the sufficient land makes it a significant producer of wind power-- a renewable, or eco-friendly, power source. The ecologically pleasant power created by wind power is available to lots of Texas citizens to supply the electrical power in their home or service.
A price to defeat dealt with at the actual wholesale purchase price of electrical energy does not provide potential participants a margin to compete against incumbent utilities. Second, the cost to defeat would have to be moderately low, to enable as lots of consumers as possible to continue to eat power throughout the change duration.
Compared to the remainder of the nation, data from the U.S. Power Information Management which releases annual state electrical prices shows that Texas' electrical prices did climb over the nationwide average instantly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, however, from 2010 to 2015 have actually relocated significantly listed below the nationwide typical cost per kWh, with a complete price of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 nationally, or 17 percent lower in Texas. Between 2002-2014 the total price to Texas consumers is approximated to be $24B, an average of $5,100 per family, even more than similar markets under state law.
Locals as well as company owner have had the ability to go shopping Texas electricity supply rates for greater than a years. When Texans gained the capability to select their desired energy firm in 2002, the electric industry divided into two parts: supply as well as delivery. Retail power firms in Texas contend for company, supplying a selection of term agreements as well as supply prices for customers to choose from.
We have excellent news if you assume you have to pay the rates your current electrical energy company costs. The state of Texas permits you to choose which electrical energy supplier you utilize. This indicates you can choose a provider that has the most inexpensive Texas electric rates in your location and the finest strategy for your requirements, whether you require a better deal for your residence, your organization, or both. Hundreds of customers and also businesses that have used our power rate comparison procedure concur that, when looking for industrial power or domestic electrical energy rates as well as plans, our website is the one-stop source for the very best choices from leading electric carriers.
As a result, 85% of Texas power customers (those served by a firm not had by an energy or a municipality cooperative) can choose their electricity service from a range of retail electric companies (Associates), consisting of the incumbent utility. The incumbent utility in the area still has as well as keeps the regional high-voltage line (and also is the firm to employ the occasion of a power blackout) as well as is not subject to deregulation. Customers served by cooperatives or metropolitan energies can select an alternate REPRESENTATIVE only if the energy has "decided in" to deregulation.
Fixed-rate plans: Fixed-rate plans give clients a lot more security for their month-to-month power bills since the price a client signs up with is the price he or she pays for the size of the strategy's agreement. Because a fixed-rate strategy often spans two-three years, these strategies commonly call for a customer credit score check and also can consist of early termination charges.
After Senate Costs 7 entered into result in January 2002, virtually 6 million power customers came to be qualified to select their power supplier. That number has actually grown through the years. By deregulating the state's power market, the Texas Us senate offered components the power to select. The process of power deregulation in Texas dismantled the utilities' syndicate over the electrical market and motivated customers to explore their energy options.
The price to defeat appeared to achieve its goal of attracting rivals to the market during the period with January 1, 2007. It permitted rivals to enter the market without enabling the incumbents to damage them in rate. It has actually likewise given power customers the capability to contrast energy rates offered by various carriers. The less-regulated companies undercut the cost to defeat by only a tiny margin offered that they should balance lower rates (to build and also attract customers market share) with greater prices (required to reinvest in brand-new power plants). Because of the tiny difference in competing prices and slow-moving (annual approximately) "purchasing" procedure, price reduction because of competitors was very slow-moving, and it took a few years to offset the initial increase by "traditional" electric providers and transfer to reduced rates.
We promote for customers as well as review providers in the Texas electrical energy market for features as well as characteristics that typical energy consumers might miss, such as high deposits, variable prices, rewards, "cost-free" plans, and also minimum usage strategies. Our goal is to help consumers locate the finest power carriers to fit their private needs, along with enlighten customers concerning prospective marketplace mistakes.
Given that 2002, about 85% of industrial as well as industrial customers have actually changed power providers at the very least once. About 40% of domestic consumers in decontrolled areas have actually switched from the former incumbent service provider to a competitive REP.
Find Best Electricity Rates In Texas
Gone are the days when you needed to call electric business to discover their prices, as well as bargain a far better offer on your very own. Today, the company does the benefit you, handling the entire process of discovering the very best Texas electrical power rates and also strategies from suppliers that have a pedigree of service stability, client service, eco-friendliness, and also economic openness. This enables you to purchase electrical power in simply a couple of mins, right from your computer system.
In deregulation of electrical energy markets, one immediate concern with prices is that incumbent electricity suppliers would undercut the costs of brand-new participants, avoiding competitors as well as bolstering the existing monopoly of suppliers. Therefore, the SB7 expense presented a phase-in period throughout which a price flooring would be established (for incumbent electricity firms) to avoid this predative technique, allowing brand-new market entrants to become developed. As of 2007 Texas financier had utility associates no longer have price to beat tariffs.
When you're buying great Texas electrical power suppliers, you wish to be wise regarding it. Your selections surpass Texas electrical power rates. We not just supplies lots, yet you can register for benefits programs, refer your pals, track your use by appliance, and much more. Required much more persuading? The company offers back to the area as well as has terrific client service by phone, Facebook, and Twitter. It was founded in Texas and also serves Texans ... as well as it's simply the amazing Texas brand name.

There are many various options for term sizes in the Texas power market. Various term lengths frequently have different cost points, so if you're more adaptable with the length of your contract, you could get a cheaper rate. If you prefer to stay clear of a long-lasting commitment while longer agreements generally give the advantage of longer-term price stability, contracts with much shorter term sizes are fantastic.


Most Texas electrical energy vendors use plans that include a percentage of energy sourced from eco-friendly sources, such as hydro power, wind power as well as solar power. In addition to environment-friendly power plans, several Texas vendors give clients the alternative to acquire renewable power certificates, or RECs, that further counter customers' carbon exhausts.
In this free enterprise contending electricity retailers acquire electrical energy wholesale from personal power generators to cost retail to about 80% of Texas locals. The partnership in between generators as well as sellers is controlled by the Electric Dependability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to stabilize the power grid's power supply and need by buying small amounts of electrical energy at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.
In this cost-free market contending electrical energy retailers acquire electrical energy wholesale from personal power generators to sell at retail to around 80% of Texas locals. The collaboration between sellers and generators is controlled by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which attempts to balance the power grid's power supply and also demand by purchasing small quantities of power at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.
They provide low-cost electrical rates in hopes of becoming your brand-new Texas electrical power company. You get an affordable electric price and the strategy of your option, as well as the carrier includes another satisfied client.
Citizens as well as local business owner have actually had the ability to shop Texas power supply rates for greater than a decade. When Texans acquired the capability to pick their preferred power firm in 2002, the electric sector divided into two components: supply as well as delivery. Retail power companies in Texas compete for service, providing a variety of term contracts and supply rates for customers to choose from.

In Texas, the ordinary house uses approximately 77 million Btu of electricity each year, which is approximately 14% less than the national standard. Damaging these statistics down even additional shows us that electrical energy usage in the ordinary Texan residence is 26% more than the remainder of the USA, nevertheless this isn't much greater than several various other states that are closest to Texas. When it involves cost, the average total family costs annually is $1,9217. This quantity places amongst the highest throughout America, but various other states that normally see rising temperature levels in the summertime season aren't much behind.
One preferred result of the competition is lower electrical energy rates. In the first couple of years after the deregulation in 2002, the household rate for electricity raised 7 times, with the cost to beat at about 15 cents per kilowatt hour in 2006. While prices to clients boosted 43% from 2002 to 2004, the costs of inputs rose faster, by 63%, revealing that not all increases have been birthed by customers.
Fixed-rate supply plans provide price-protected supply rates for the size of a term agreement. The cost per kilowatt hr (kWh) will remain the same throughout your term, also if the market price fluctuates. A fixed-rate supply strategy can vary from three months to 5 years, so it is essential to discover the term size that works finest for your situation.

Considering that the electricity market opened, much more as well as more electricity companies have gone into the market with various plans and also products. Companies supply a plethora of electrical energy plans as well as advantages so customers can locate the power plan that best fits their needs.
In discovering you the very best Texas electric rates, we just list electrical firms that have fantastic service stability, exceptional service, environmental understanding, and clear pricing. This safeguards you from companies that can quickly go out of organization, are unattentive to clients, are eco unhealthy, or may wind up billing you a greater rate than advertised.

By decontrolling the state's energy market, the Texas Senate gave constituents the power to pick. The process of energy deregulation in Texas dismantled the utilities' monopoly over the electrical market and also encouraged customers to discover their energy choices.
We meticulously evaluate Texas electrical power carriers in your location. With our aid, you no longer need to track down various electrical energy companies, plans, and also rates, due to the fact that we supply all the info you need to pick the finest supplier.
In finding you the most effective Texas electrical prices, we only note electric business that have excellent business security, outstanding service, ecological recognition, as well as clear rates. This safeguards you from providers that might quickly go out of organization, are unattentive to clients, are eco unbalanced, or may wind up billing you a higher price than marketed.
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