In the very first decade of retail electric deregulation in Texas, the market experienced dramatic modifications in both metrics. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electrical service providers supplying 258 various price plans to residential customers in that market. Similar rises in the number of retail electrical suppliers and also readily available strategies have actually been realized in other deregulated electricity market areas with the state.
Compared to the remainder of the nation, information from the U.S. Energy Info Administration which releases yearly state electrical costs reveals that Texas' electrical rates did rise over the nationwide ordinary promptly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, yet, from 2010 to 2015 have actually relocated substantially below the national ordinary rate per kWh, with a complete cost of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 country wide, or 17 percent lower in Texas. In between 2002-2014 the total expense to Texas consumers is approximated to be $24B, an average of $5,100 per home, greater than comparable markets under state guideline.
There are many different choices for term lengths in the Texas power market. Various term lengths frequently have various rate points, so if you're much more flexible with the size of your contract, you can get a less costly rate. Agreements with much shorter term sizes are fantastic if you favor to prevent a long-lasting dedication while longer agreements typically supply the benefit of longer-term price stability.
Texas electrical power rates are on their means down once again. After a summertime spike, electrical power prices across Texas have dropped.
It additionally reveals whether the rate is low or high compared to general power market pricing. By doing all the calculations for the consumer, the firm can show customers what their finest energy choices are when they shop for Texas electrical power no matter what TDU location they are in.
The company is the location internet site for Texas locals and also service proprietors to share their opinions and also have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Energy Market. We use everyday upgraded info concerning electricity rates in Houston, Dallas, Ft Well Worth, Arlington, as well as hundreds of various other cities in Texas.
Variable-rate supply plans, as the name suggests, have a rate that varies based on the market cost of electrical energy. Seasonal and market fluctuations can impact supply prices. While variable-rate supply strategies can enable you to benefit from market-price lows, there is the opportunity of spending for high supply rates when demand goes to its top. These plans use terrific adaptability.
You can typically discover this details by looking at your electricity bill or by calling your power provider. According to the Public Utility Commission of Texas, customers can switch providers without paying an early discontinuation cost if they schedule the switch no earlier than 14 days prior to their present strategy ends.
Thousands of customers and services that have utilized our electrical energy price contrast process concur that, when buying for industrial power or household power rates as well as strategies, our website is the one-stop resource for the best options from leading electric providers.
The Texas Senate Expense 7, come on 2002, provided 5.6 million Texans the power to choose a retail electrical carrier (REPRESENTATIVE) to provide electrical energy to their house or organization. This costs helped with an affordable energy marketplace that 80 percent of Texans can maximize today. Energy choice is available to residents in Houston, Dallas/Fort Worth as well as other cities in Texas.
One preferred result of the competitors is reduced power rates. In the first couple of years after the deregulation in 2002, the property rate for electrical energy raised 7 times, with the rate to defeat at about 15 cents per kilowatt hr in 2006. While rates to consumers raised 43% from 2002 to 2004, the prices of inputs climbed faster, by 63%, showing that not all boosts have actually been borne by customers.
We have good news if you assume you have to pay the prices your current electricity company charges. The state of Texas permits you to choose which power carrier you utilize. This means you can select a carrier that has the most inexpensive Texas electric prices in your location as well as the very best prepare for your needs, whether you need a much better bargain for your home, your business, or both. Hundreds of customers and also organizations that have utilized our electricity price comparison procedure concur that, when searching for commercial power or property electrical energy prices and plans, our web site is the one-stop resource for the very best options from leading electrical service providers.
The state of Texas allows you to choose which electrical power company you make use of. Thousands of customers as well as services that have utilized our power rate contrast procedure concur that, when shopping for industrial electricity or domestic electrical power prices and plans, our web site is the one-stop source for the ideal alternatives from leading electrical providers.
They supply inexpensive electric prices in hopes of becoming your brand-new Texas power company. You receive a cheap electrical rate and the strategy of your selection, as well as the carrier includes another satisfied customer.
There are various choices for term sizes in the Texas power market. Various term lengths frequently have different rate factors, so if you're a lot more flexible with the length of your contract, you could get a cheaper price. Agreements with shorter term sizes are terrific if you like to stay clear of a long-term commitment while longer agreements typically offer the benefit of longer-term rate security.
Fixed-rate strategies: Fixed-rate plans provide clients more security for their month-to-month energy bills since the price a consumer indicators up with is the rate she or he pays for the length of the strategy's agreement. Many change comes with usage, though transmission as well as shipment fees and local costs also can transform. These plans often require a client credit history check as well as can include early termination charges due to the fact that a fixed-rate strategy in some cases spans two-three years. Fixed-rate plans, due to the proceeding market volatility, possibly are the ideal selection for several consumers.
Texas currently produces and also eats much more power than any type of other state in the nation. This energy intake is due to its size, yet the adequate land makes it a significant manufacturer of wind power-- a sustainable, or green, energy source. The eco friendly energy created by wind power is available to lots of Texas locals to provide the electrical power in their residence or company.
Texas Electric Providers In My Area
Texas electrical energy prices get on their method down again. After a summer spike, electricity rates across Texas have actually dropped. Utility authorities were worried regarding having enough power to fulfill peak summertime need. This resulted in electrical energy service providers increasing the prices on their fixed price strategies in expectancy of higher wholesale power rates.
In Texas, the ordinary family uses a standard of 77 million Btu of power each year, which is roughly 14% less than the nationwide standard. Breaking these stats down even further shows us that electricity usage in the average Texan residence is 26% greater than the rest of the USA, nonetheless this isn't a lot greater than several other states that are closest to Texas. When it concerns cost, the average overall family costs per year is $1,9217. This quantity rates among the highest possible throughout America, yet other states that usually see rising temperatures in the summertime season aren't far behind.
Another positive environmental effect is the effect of higher energy rates on customer choices, similar to the US market pattern toward more fuel-efficient vehicles. Texas utilities are likewise mounting advanced electrical power meters that might one day enable variable rates based on the time of day.
In order to prompt entrance right into the marketplace, the cost to beat would need to be high adequate to enable a modest profit by brand-new participants. Therefore, it had to be above the cost of inputs such as gas as well as coal. A cost to defeat taken care of at the actual wholesale purchase rate of power does not give potential participants a margin to contend versus incumbent energies. Second, the price to beat would need to be fairly reduced, to allow as lots of clients as possible to remain to eat electrical energy throughout the change period.
Variable-rate supply strategies, as the name recommends, have a price that differs based upon the market rate of power. Seasonal and market changes can impact supply rates. While variable-rate supply plans can enable you to benefit from market-price lows, there is the possibility of paying for high supply rates when need goes to its height. These plans supply wonderful adaptability.
For example, shoppers for Texas electrical power plans in the TX, can locate 12-month prepare for 6.9 cents/kWh in February; by June, electricity rates had increased 29 percent to 9.5 cents/kWh. Since very early September, 12-month plans were up again, to 10.2 cents/kWh-- a 7.5 percent walking from June and a 49 percent rise just since February.
When you utilize our price comparison procedure, service providers know that they are completing to win your company. Subsequently, they provide affordable electrical prices in hopes of becoming your new Texas electricity firm. This advantages both you as well as the company you choose. You get an economical electrical price and the strategy of your selection, and also the supplier includes an additional pleased customer.
Fixed-rate strategies: Fixed-rate strategies offer consumers a lot more stability for their month-to-month power costs since the price a customer indicators up with is the rate he or she pays for the size of the strategy's contract. Because a fixed-rate strategy often spans two-three years, these strategies frequently call for a consumer credit rating check as well as can include very early cancellation costs.
Eco-friendly power strategies are sustained 100% by Renewable Resource Certificates (RECs) that are purchased and retired in an amount sufficient to match your yearly intake. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible power product in the United States that stands for proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity was generated from an eligible sustainable energy resource like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Terms of Solution to learn more.
We advocate for consumers and evaluate carriers in the Texas electrical power market for features and qualities that normal energy clients might miss, such as high deposits, variable prices, motivations, "cost-free" strategies, as well as minimum use strategies. Our objective is to assist consumers find the most effective electrical energy carriers to fit their private demands, as well as educate consumers regarding possible market pitfalls.
List Of Energy Providers Texas
Residents as well as company owner have had the ability to shop Texas power supply prices for greater than a years. When Texans obtained the ability to select their wanted power company in 2002, the electric industry split right into 2 components: supply as well as delivery. Retail power business in Texas complete for service, using a variety of term contracts and supply rates for consumers to select from.
In locating you the ideal Texas electrical prices, we only provide electric firms that have wonderful organization security, outstanding solution, ecological understanding, and also clear pricing. This protects you from providers that could soon go out of company, are unattentive to customers, are eco unsound, or might wind up billing you a greater rate than advertised.
Most Texas electricity suppliers offer strategies that consist of a percentage of power sourced from renewable resources, such as hydro power, wind power as well as solar power. In enhancement to environment-friendly energy plans, several Texas suppliers provide consumers the choice to acquire renewable energy certifications, or RECs, that more offset consumers' carbon emissions.
Before you switch over suppliers, you'll require to figure out whether you're under a contract with your existing provider, and also if so, how much time you have actually left on your agreement. You can usually find this details by taking a look at your power bill or by calling your energy service provider. Your existing contract may describe an early termination charge if you pick to switch over prior to your contract is up. Nevertheless, according to the Public Utility Compensation of Texas, consumers can change carriers without paying a very early termination cost if they arrange the button no earlier than 2 week before their present strategy ends. When you transform carriers, you'll have the ability to suggest the date you desire the button to happen.
Over the previous summer, the Public Utilities Commission of Texas has been baffled by Retail Energy Providers using prices tricks that rip off Texas customers into high regular monthly costs at its Power to Choose internet site. The PUC of Texas' finest service was to fine-tune some type setups, restrict the number of REPRESENTATIVE plans, as well as use a "collection of user-friendly PDFs and video clips planned to inform the consumer and also direct." The chairman has even lately said that if the PUCT can't determine a solution, after that the commission may simply shut down the Power to Pick internet site.
Compare Energy Rates Texas
Texas Compare Energy Comparison Sites
Due to the boosted use of gas instantly after deregulation, new-era energy tools such as wind power as well as smart-grid modern technology were greatly aided. Texas' very first "renewable portfolio criterion"-- or demand that the state's energies obtain a particular amount of their power from renewable resource like wind-- was signed right into legislation in 1999, as part of the same regulation that deregulated the electrical market.
Utility Providers Texas
The PUC's goal is to shield customers, foster competition, and also promote premium infrastructure. In enhancement to managing the states electric utilities and implementing regulations, the PUC provides Texas locals aid in settling consumer issues. If you have a complaint with your electrical energy company you can most likely to the official PUC website as well as file an informal issue.
They provide economical electrical rates in hopes of becoming your new Texas electrical power business. You obtain a cheap electrical rate and also the plan of your selection, as well as the service provider adds one more satisfied customer.
Cheapest Electricity Tariff Texas
Gone are the days when you had to contact electrical business to discover their prices, as well as work out a much better deal on your own. Today, the company does the work for you, taking care of the entire procedure of finding the ideal Texas electricity rates and also plans from companies that have a pedigree of service security, consumer service, eco-friendliness, and monetary transparency. This enables you to purchase electrical power in simply a few mins, right from your computer.
Several retail electricity carriers in Texas want to be your selection for power. Given that the electrical power market opened, extra and much more electrical energy service providers have gotten in the market with numerous plans and items. Companies supply a multitude of electrical energy plans as well as benefits so customers can find the power strategy that ideal fits their requirements. If the cost security of a fixed-rate strategy seems like the best alternative for you, lock in your electrical energy price, which supplies complimentary electrical power.
The Public Utility Commission (PUC) has a web site to assist you discover and also contrast all the power plans and also service providers in your area. You can filter your choices based on your use, your favored plan kind, and several other factors. Once you've chosen the retail electrical energy supplier that finest matches your requirements, you can join directly from their web site.
Texas creates the many wind power in the U.S., however additionally has the highest possible Carbon Dioxide Emissions of any type of state. As of 2012, Texas property electrical power prices ranked 31st in the United States and ordinary monthly household electrical expenses in Texas were the Fifth highest in the country.
Cheap Electricity Free Nights Texas
Contrasted to the remainder of the country, information from the UNITED STATE Power Details Administration which publishes yearly state electric rates shows that Texas' electric rates did increase over the national ordinary instantly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, but, from 2010 to 2015 have relocated substantially below the nationwide average price per kWh, with a complete cost of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 across the country, or 17 percent lower in Texas. Between 2002-2014 the total cost to Texas consumers is estimated to be $24B, approximately $5,100 per home, greater than similar markets under state regulation.
When you use our rate contrast process, carriers understand that they are contending to win your organization. Subsequently, they supply affordable electric prices in hopes of becoming your brand-new Texas power firm. This advantages both you and the supplier you choose. You get a cheap electric price as well as the plan of your selection, and the company includes one more completely satisfied client.
There are several choices for term lengths in the Texas energy market. Different term sizes typically have different cost points, so if you're much more adaptable with the length of your agreement, you can obtain a more affordable rate. If you favor to prevent a long-lasting dedication while longer agreements typically give the benefit of longer-term cost security, agreements with much shorter term lengths are fantastic.
You can typically locate this information by looking at your electricity bill or by calling your energy service provider. According to the Public Utility Payment of Texas, consumers can switch over carriers without paying an early termination cost if they set up the button no earlier than 14 days before their current strategy ends.
They supply cheap electrical prices in hopes of becoming your new Texas electricity firm. You receive an economical electric price as well as the plan of your choice, and also the provider includes an additional satisfied customer.
Given that the electricity market opened up, an increasing number of electricity carriers have actually entered the marketplace with various plans as well as products. Business supply a plethora of power strategies and also benefits so consumers can find the electricity strategy that best fits their requirements. While it's wonderful to have many choices, it can be difficult as well as complex to pick an electrical power plan. With options like fixed-rate, variable-rate, and pre paid plans, along with varying rate alternatives, term lengths as well as incentives, buying an electricity strategy can be an overwhelming task.
One desired result of the competitors is reduced electrical power prices. In the first few years after the deregulation in 2002, the domestic price for electrical energy increased 7 times, with the rate to beat at about 15 cents per kilowatt hr in 2006. Nonetheless, while costs to consumers boosted 43% from 2002 to 2004, the costs of inputs rose quicker, by 63%, showing that not all increases have actually been borne by consumers.
The power to select supply rates from retail energy companies in Texas includes companies, not just locals. Entrepreneur who respect the lower line ought to absolutely take into consideration going shopping about. To shop for Texas electric prices for a business, call us with your power usage info or submit our basic informational form so an energy rep can contact you with a complimentary custom quote.
Due to the boosted usage of gas instantly after deregulation, new-era power devices such as wind power and smart-grid innovation were greatly helped. Texas' initial "sustainable portfolio requirement"-- or requirement that the state's energies obtain a particular quantity of their power from renewable resource like wind-- was authorized into regulation in 1999, as part of the exact same legislation that deregulated the electric market.
Texas Electricity Deals For
Variable-rate plan: A variable-rate plan implies the rate you pay for your electricity may fluctuate based on the marketplace rate of power. Energy cost depends upon lots of factors, like weather, demand, fuel prices, the distribution system and the marketplace. Variable-rate plans are flexible due to the fact that you are not secured into a contract; nevertheless, you'll pay a higher cost in high-demand periods like summer season. If you such as to shop about and maintain an eye on rates, a variable-rate plan could be ideal for you.
They provide affordable electric prices in hopes of becoming your new Texas electrical power business. You obtain a low-cost electric price and also the strategy of your selection, as well as the provider adds another completely satisfied customer.
The state of Texas allows you to choose which electrical power company you use. Thousands of customers as well as businesses that have actually utilized our electricity price contrast process agree that, when purchasing for commercial electricity or domestic electrical power rates and plans, our internet site is the one-stop source for the ideal choices from top electric carriers.
Fixed-Rate strategy: With a fixed-rate plan, you'll secure a power rate for the regard to your contract. One of the most typical term sizes are 6, 12, and also 24 months. A lot of fixed-rate strategies charge customers a very early termination charge if they switch companies before their agreement expires, but your electrical power price will remain steady with the seasons. On the other hand, you might lose out on reduced costs from a slump in power rates. If the cost security of a fixed-rate strategy feels like the most effective alternative for you, lock in your power price, which supplies cost-free electricity.
Fixed-rate strategies: Fixed-rate strategies offer consumers extra security for their regular monthly energy costs due to the fact that the rate a client signs up with is the price she or he pays for the size of the plan's contract. Many change comes with usage, though transmission as well as delivery fees and regional fees additionally can alter. These plans typically call for a client credit history check and also can consist of very early cancellation fees because a fixed-rate plan in some cases extends two-three years. Fixed-rate strategies, due to the proceeding market volatility, possibly are the very best choice for several customers.
The PUC's objective is to secure consumers, foster competitors, and advertise top notch facilities. Along with managing the states electric utilities and also implementing regulation, the PUC supplies Texas locals assistance in settling consumer complaints. , if you have a grievance with your electricity company you can go to the main PUC website and also submit an informal issue.
Fixed-rate supply plans offer price-protected supply prices for the size of a term contract. The cost per kilowatt hour (kWh) will stay the exact same throughout your term, even if the market cost rises and fall. A fixed-rate supply plan can range from three months to five years, so it's essential to find the term size that works finest for your situation.
Fixed-rate plans: Fixed-rate strategies provide customers a lot more stability for their month-to-month power costs because the price a customer indicators up with is the rate he or she pays for the size of the strategy's contract. Because a fixed-rate plan sometimes extends two-three years, these strategies typically need a consumer credit check and also can include very early cancellation fees.
We support for customers and also assess companies in the Texas electricity market for features as well as attributes that regular energy customers might miss out on, such as high down payments, variable prices, incentives, "cost-free" plans, and minimum use plans. Our mission is to assist consumers locate the very best electrical power suppliers to fit their private demands, as well as inform customers about potential market risks.
Shoppers for Texas power strategies in the TX, might locate 12-month plans for 6.9 cents/kWh in February; by June, electrical power rates had raised 29 percent to 9.5 cents/kWh. Since early September, 12-month plans were up again, to 10.2 cents/kWh-- a 7.5 percent walk from June as well as a 49 percent increase simply considering that February.
Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate plan, you'll lock in an electricity price for the term of your contract. One of the most common term lengths are 6, 12, as well as 24 months. Most fixed-rate plans bill clients an early discontinuation cost if they change carriers prior to their contract ends, yet your power price will remain stable via the periods. On the other hand, you may miss out on out on reduced bills from a recession in power costs. If the price security of a fixed-rate strategy feels like the finest alternative for you, lock in your electrical energy rate, which provides totally free electrical energy.
In ecological impact, results are blended. With the ability to invest profits to satisfy more energy demand, producers like TXU are proposing eleven brand-new coal-fired nuclear power plant. Coal power plants are less expensive than natural gas-fired power plants, but generate even more air pollution.
Not just does it reveal customers the real rates at various use degrees but it reflects both the rate leaps in a plan at particular use. It additionally reveals whether the rate is low or high compared to general electrical power market prices. By doing all the calculations for the client, the company can show consumers what their ideal power choices are when they look for Texas electrical power no matter what TDU area they remain in. Consumers can see just how much they can truly anticipate to pay monthly for their usage.
Environment-friendly energy plans are supported 100% by Renewable Resource Certifications (RECs) that are bought and also retired in a quantity sufficient to match your annual usage. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible energy commodity in the USA that represents proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electrical energy was created from an eligible sustainable power resource like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Regards to Solution for additional information.
With the power to select a supply plan, buying competitive Texas electric rates can potentially save you loan on your regular monthly electricity bills. Best of all, there isn't any type of risk when you shop Texas electrical power.
Texas Electrical Suppliers In My Area
After Us senate Costs 7 went right into result in January 2002, virtually 6 million power consumers came to be qualified to pick their power vendor. That number has actually grown through the years. By decontrolling the state's power market, the Texas Senate offered components the power to pick. The procedure of power deregulation in Texas dismantled the energies' monopoly over the electric market and also encouraged consumers to discover their power choices.
Thousands of customers and also organizations that have actually utilized our electrical energy price comparison procedure agree that, when shopping for commercial electrical energy or residential electrical power prices as well as strategies, our web site is the one-stop resource for the ideal options from top electrical suppliers.
Gone are the days when you had to get in touch with electric companies to find their prices, and also discuss a far better deal on your very own. Today, the firm does the work for you, managing the whole process of locating the most effective Texas electrical energy rates as well as plans from service providers that have a pedigree of service stability, client solution, eco-friendliness, and economic openness. This enables you to buy electrical power in simply a few mins, right from your computer.
The Public Energy Compensation (PUC) has an internet site to help you contrast and also find all the electrical power strategies as well as service providers in your area. You can filter your alternatives based on your use, your preferred strategy type, and also numerous other factors. When you've picked the retail electrical energy provider that ideal suits your requirements, you can subscribe directly from their website.
One wanted effect of the competitors is lower power rates. In the first few years after the deregulation in 2002, the property rate for electricity increased seven times, with the price to defeat at around 15 cents per kilowatt hour in 2006. While prices to clients increased 43% from 2002 to 2004, the prices of inputs rose much faster, by 63%, revealing that not all boosts have been borne by customers.
Many Texas electrical energy distributors offer plans that include a portion of energy sourced from renewable resources, such as hydro power, wind power and solar power. In enhancement to environment-friendly power strategies, many Texas vendors offer customers the option to acquire renewable energy certificates, or RECs, that additional counter consumers' carbon emissions.
Texas Cheap Electricity Monitor
Because 2002, approximately 85% of industrial and industrial consumers have actually switched power providers at least when. Approximately 40% of property customers in decontrolled locations have changed from the previous incumbent carrier to a competitive REP.
The firm is the location web site for Texas homeowners as well as local business owner to share their opinions and have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Power Market. We offer everyday upgraded details regarding electricity prices in Houston, Dallas, Fort Worth, Arlington, and numerous various other cities in Texas. The firm assists individuals make educated purchasing decisions via its customer evaluates platform as well as is a reliable resource for useful customer insight, guidance, in-depth power company solution evaluations, as well as individualized referrals. Because 2009, we have actually assisted over 2.1 million customers locate the most effective power carriers and also prices.
In this free enterprise competing electricity sellers get power wholesale from exclusive power generators to cost retail to around 80% of Texas homeowners. The collaboration in between generators and also retailers is controlled by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to stabilize the power grid's electrical energy supply and also need by acquiring percentages of electricity at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.
Since 2002, around 85% of industrial and industrial customers have switched over power service providers at the very least once. Around 40% of household consumers in decontrolled locations have switched from the former incumbent service provider to an affordable REP.
Gas Comparison Texas
Variable-rate strategy: A variable-rate strategy implies the rate you spend for your electricity might fluctuate based on the marketplace cost of energy. Energy rate depends upon many elements, like weather, need, fuel rates, the distribution system and the market. Variable-rate strategies are adaptable since you are not secured right into a contract; however, you'll pay a greater price in high-demand seasons like summer season. If you like to go shopping around as well as keep an eye on rates, a variable-rate strategy might be optimal for you.
Variable-rate supply plans, as the name suggests, have a rate that differs based on the marketplace cost of power. Seasonal as well as market changes can influence supply prices. While variable-rate supply strategies can allow you to capitalize on market-price lows, there is the opportunity of spending for high supply rates when demand is at its peak. These plans provide wonderful versatility.
Because the electrical power market opened up, a growing number of electrical power service providers have actually entered the marketplace with numerous strategies and also items. Firms provide a wide range of electrical energy strategies and benefits so clients can discover the electrical energy plan that finest fits their demands. While it's fantastic to have so lots of choices, it can be complicated and challenging to choose an electrical energy plan. With selections like fixed-rate, variable-rate, as well as pre paid strategies, along with differing cost options, term sizes and also rewards, looking for an electrical energy strategy can be a frustrating job.
Power to Pick is a program run by the Public Utility Commission of Texas. Its goal is to protect locals of the state from unreasonable power costs as well as unregulated Representatives, along with develop a solid framework. The program gives a simple to utilize, on-line device that offer homeowners of the state the chance to contrast rates, strategies as well as other power options. Maintain in mind though, you actually need to read the fine print if you determine to make use of Power to Pick (or any type of other solution, for that matter).