Eco-friendly power plans are sustained 100% by Renewable Resource Certificates (RECs) that are bought as well as retired in an amount adequate to match your yearly consumption. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible power commodity in the USA that stands for proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electrical energy was generated from an eligible renewable resource source like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Terms of Solution for additional information.
Eco-friendly energy strategies are sustained 100% by Renewable Power Certifications (RECs) that are bought and retired in an amount adequate to match your annual consumption. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible power commodity in the United States that represents proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity was produced from an eligible eco-friendly energy source like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Regards to Solution for additional information.
Texas electrical energy prices are on their method down once again. After a summer season spike, electricity rates across Texas have dropped. Energy authorities were concerned about having sufficient power to satisfy peak summer need. This led to electricity carriers boosting the prices on their dealt with rate plans in expectancy of higher wholesale electrical power prices.
Variable-rate strategy: A variable-rate strategy suggests the rate you pay for your electrical energy might fluctuate based on the market price of energy. Variable-rate strategies are versatile due to the fact that you are not locked into an agreement; nevertheless, you'll pay a greater cost in high-demand seasons like summer season.
Due to the raised use of all-natural gas immediately after deregulation, new-era energy tools such as wind power as well as smart-grid technology were significantly assisted. Texas' very first "renewable portfolio requirement"-- or requirement that the state's utilities obtain a specific quantity of their power from renewable power like wind-- was authorized into legislation in 1999, as part of the exact same regulation that decontrolled the electrical market.

Texas electricity rates are on their means down once again. After a summer spike, electrical energy rates throughout Texas have dropped.


Electrical Supply Prices Texas
Given that 2002, about 85% of business as well as commercial customers have actually switched over power service providers at the very least once. Roughly 40% of domestic consumers in decontrolled locations have changed from the previous incumbent provider to a competitive REP.
Texas electricity rates are on their way down again. After a summertime spike, electricity prices across Texas have dropped.
The Public Utility Commission (PUC) has a web site to assist you discover and also contrast all the power plans and also service providers in your area. You can filter your choices based on your use, your favored plan kind, and several other factors. Once you've chosen the retail electrical energy supplier that finest matches your requirements, you can join directly from their web site.

In Texas, the ordinary house makes use of approximately 77 million Btu of electricity per year, which is approximately 14% much less than the national average. Breaking these statistics down also more shows us that electrical energy use in the ordinary Texan residence is 26% more than the remainder of the USA, however this isn't much greater than numerous various other states that are closest to Texas. When it pertains to set you back, the average complete family costs each year is $1,9217. This quantity ranks amongst the greatest throughout America, but various other states that usually see skyrocketing temperature levels in the summer season aren't far behind.

There are several options for term sizes in the Texas energy market. Different term sizes often have various cost factors, so if you're extra adaptable with the size of your contract, you can get a more affordable rate. Contracts with much shorter term lengths are fantastic if you like to stay clear of a long-lasting commitment while longer agreements generally give the benefit of longer-term rate stability.

We thoroughly screen Texas electricity service providers in your area. Then, we provide power rates and also plans from leading providers in an user-friendly style on our internet site, so you can contrast the information. We take care of the complex problems and factors to consider, so you don't need to. With our assistance, you no more need to locate different power plans, prices, and also business, since we provide all the info you need to pick the finest service provider.
Given that the electrical energy market opened, more and also more electrical power companies have actually gone into the market with different strategies and also products. Companies offer a wide variety of electricity strategies and benefits so customers can discover the electricity strategy that finest fits their needs.

By deregulating the state's power market, the Texas Senate gave constituents the power to select. The process of energy deregulation in Texas dismantled the utilities' monopoly over the electric market and also encouraged clients to explore their energy options.

Energy companies are accountable for transmission and also shipment of power even in energy decontrolled parts of Texas as well as should be gotten in touch with in case of a power blackout. Your retail energy supplier might offer you competitive electrical rates or exceptional customer service, yet they can not fix high-voltage line or restore your solution. In the instance of an emergency situation, get in touch with:
Contrasted to the rest of the nation, data from the U.S. Power Details Management which publishes annual state electrical costs shows that Texas' electric prices did increase above the nationwide typical instantly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, however, from 2010 to 2015 have relocated dramatically below the nationwide ordinary cost per kWh, with a total cost of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 across the country, or 17 percent reduced in Texas. In between 2002-2014 the total expense to Texas consumers is approximated to be $24B, approximately $5,100 per house, greater than comparable markets under state law.

Given that 2002, around 85% of commercial as well as industrial customers have actually switched power providers at least when. Roughly 40% of domestic customers in decontrolled areas have switched from the former incumbent carrier to an affordable REP.
According to a 2014 report record the Texas Coalition for Affordable Power (TCAP), "deregulation cost Price about Concerning22 billion from 2002 to 2012.
Texas generates the many wind electricity in the UNITED STATE, but likewise has the highest Carbon Dioxide Emissions of any state. As of 2012, Texas household electricity rates placed 31st in the United States as well as ordinary monthly residential electrical bills in Texas were the Fifth greatest in the country.
We advocate for consumers and review providers in the Texas electricity market for attributes and characteristics that regular power customers might miss out on, such as high down payments, variable prices, rewards, "complimentary" strategies, and also minimum use plans. Our objective is to assist customers discover the very best electricity providers to fit their individual demands, in addition to inform consumers regarding possible industry challenges.
One of the criteria of an effective totally free market is the variety of selection offered to clients. Choice can be watched both in terms of the variety of firms active in the marketplace in addition to the selection of items those firms offer to consumers. In the very first years of retail electric deregulation in Texas, the market experienced remarkable adjustments in both metrics. In 2002, household customers in the Dallas-Fort area can select in between 10 retail electrical suppliers use an overall of 11 price plans. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electrical service providers supplying 258 different cost plans to property customers because market. Similar rises in the variety of retail electrical service providers and also readily available strategies have been understood in other deregulated electrical power market areas with the state.
Variable-rate supply strategies, as the name suggests, have a rate that differs based on the marketplace rate of electricity. Seasonal and also market variations can impact supply rates. While variable-rate supply plans can allow you to make the most of market-price lows, there is the possibility of spending for high supply prices when demand goes to its height. These plans offer terrific versatility.
Before you switch carriers, you'll require to establish whether you're under a contract with your existing provider, and also if so, for how long you have left on your agreement. You can generally locate this details by looking at your power expense or by calling your power supplier. Your existing agreement might lay out a very early discontinuation fee if you select to change prior to your contract is up. Nevertheless, according to the general public Energy Payment of Texas, customers can change carriers without paying a very early termination fee if they arrange the switch no earlier than 2 week before their current plan runs out. You'll be able to show the day you desire the switch to happen when you alter providers.

Fixed-rate strategies: Fixed-rate plans provide customers extra stability for their monthly energy costs due to the fact that the rate a consumer indications up with is the rate he or she pays for the length of the plan's contract. Since a fixed-rate plan occasionally extends two-three years, these strategies frequently need a client credit scores check and also can include early cancellation fees.
The price to defeat appeared to accomplish its goal of bring in rivals to the market during the period via January 1, 2007. It enabled rivals to go into the market without allowing the incumbents to damage them in price. It has likewise given energy customers the ability to compare power prices used by different providers. The less-regulated companies damage the rate to beat by only a little margin given that they should stabilize lower costs (to develop as well as bring in clients market share) with greater rates (needed to reinvest in new power plants). Due to the little distinction in contending rates and also slow-moving (yearly or so) "buying" procedure, price decline due to competition was really slow-moving, as well as it took a couple of years to balance out the initial boost by "conventional" electrical suppliers as well as relocate to lower rates.

The Texas Senate Expense 7, passed in 2002, offered 5.6 million Texans the power to choose a retail electrical service provider (ASSOCIATE) to provide electrical energy to their residence or company. This expense facilitated an affordable power industry that 80 percent of Texans can utilize on today. Energy option is readily available to citizens in Houston, Dallas/Fort Worth as well as other cities in Texas.
Power to Choose is a program run by the Public Energy Compensation of Texas. The program provides an easy to utilize, on-line device that give homeowners of the state the opportunity to contrast rates, plans as well as various other power choices.

One preferred effect of the competitors is reduced electrical power prices. In the very first few years after the deregulation in 2002, the household rate for electrical energy increased 7 times, with the price to defeat at about 15 cents per kilowatt hour in 2006. While prices to consumers raised 43% from 2002 to 2004, the expenses of inputs rose quicker, by 63%, revealing that not all increases have been borne by customers.

In deregulation of electrical power markets, one prompt worry with prices is that incumbent power carriers would damage the costs of brand-new participants, preventing competition and also perpetuating the existing syndicate of suppliers. Therefore, the SB7 bill introduced a phase-in duration throughout which a cost flooring would be developed (for incumbent electricity business) to stop this aggressive method, allowing new market participants to become developed. As of 2007 Texas capitalist possessed utility affiliates no much longer have rate to beat tariffs.


Gone are the days when you had to contact electrical business to uncover their rates, and bargain a much better offer on your own. Today, the firm does the work for you, dealing with the whole procedure of finding the most effective Texas electricity rates and also plans from service providers that have a pedigree of service stability, client service, eco-friendliness, as well as financial transparency. This permits you to purchase electrical energy in simply a few minutes, right from your computer system.
Compare Business Electricity Texas
Texas Compare Energy And Gas Providers
Compared to the rest of the nation, information from the U.S. Power Information Administration which publishes annual state electric costs reveals that Texas' electric prices did climb over the nationwide typical instantly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, but, from 2010 to 2015 have actually moved dramatically below the nationwide average cost per kWh, with an overall expense of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 country wide, or 17 percent lower in Texas. Between 2002-2014 the overall cost to Texas customers is estimated to be $24B, approximately $5,100 per home, greater than similar markets under state regulation.
Texas Switch Electric Company Today
You want to be smart concerning it when you're shopping for terrific Texas electrical power companies. Your selections go past Texas electricity prices. We not only provides wonderful deals, yet you can sign up for rewards programs, refer your close friends, track your usage by device, and also a lot more. Need a lot more persuading? The firm returns to the neighborhood as well as has wonderful customer support by phone, Facebook, and Twitter. It was established in Texas and also serves Texans ... and it's just the awesome Texas brand name.
The state of Texas permits you to pick which power service provider you utilize. Thousands of consumers and services that have used our electricity price comparison procedure agree that, when shopping for industrial electrical power or household electricity prices and also strategies, our site is the one-stop resource for the finest choices from leading electrical providers.
Since the Texas electricity market opened to competition in 2002, lots of Texas residents have actually had the opportunity to choose their own electrical energy company. As opposed to counting on their regional energy to provide them with electrical power, a lot of Texans can select from a range of competitive providers, permitting them to shop about for the excellent electrical energy prepare for their houses and also way of lives.

When you're going shopping for fantastic Texas power service providers, you desire to be clever regarding it. Your choices go past Texas power rates. It was started in Texas and also offers Texans ... and also it's just the amazing Texas brand name.
In locating you the very best Texas electric prices, we only list electric firms that have fantastic company security, exceptional service, ecological awareness, and also transparent pricing. This shields you from providers that could quickly fail, are unattentive to clients, are eco unhealthy, or may finish up charging you a higher price than advertised.
As an outcome, 85% of Texas power consumers (those served by a firm not had by a district or an energy cooperative) can select their electricity service from a variety of retail electric providers (REPs), consisting of the incumbent utility. The incumbent energy in the location still possesses and also maintains the local power lines (as well as is the company to contact the event of a power outage) and also is not subject to deregulation. Consumers offered by cooperatives or local utilities can choose an alternating REP only if the utility has actually "decided in" to deregulation.
Texas electrical energy rates are on their way down again. After a summer spike, electricity rates throughout Texas have actually dropped.
According to a 2014 report record the Texas Coalition union Affordable Power (TCAP), "deregulation cost Texans about Regarding22 billion from 2002 to 2012.

The PUC's objective is to shield customers, foster competition, and also advertise top notch facilities. In enhancement to regulating the states electrical energies and also applying regulation, the PUC provides Texas locals aid in fixing consumer grievances. If you have a complaint with your electrical power business you can go to the official PUC internet site and file an informal problem.


Variable-rate supply strategies, as the name recommends, have a rate that differs based upon the marketplace rate of electrical power. Seasonal and also market changes can affect supply rates. While variable-rate supply strategies can allow you to make use of market-price lows, there is the opportunity of paying for high supply prices when demand is at its peak. These plans provide terrific flexibility.
We have great information if you assume you have to pay the prices your existing electricity supplier charges. The state of Texas allows you to pick which electricity supplier you use. This suggests you can pick a carrier that has the cheapest Texas electrical rates in your area as well as the very best prepare for your needs, whether you require a much better offer for your home, your organization, or both. Thousands of customers and businesses that have actually used our electrical power rate contrast process agree that, when purchasing business electricity or property power rates and strategies, our web site is the one-stop source for the best alternatives from leading electric providers.
Since 2002, roughly 85% of industrial and industrial consumers have switched over power companies at the very least as soon as. About 40% of residential customers in deregulated locations have actually switched over from the former incumbent carrier to a competitive REP.
In ecological effect, outcomes are mixed. With the ability to invest earnings to please additional energy need, producers like TXU are recommending eleven new coal-fired nuclear power plant. Coal nuclear power plant are less expensive than all-natural gas-fired power plants, yet generate more contamination.
Texas electrical power prices are on their means down again. After a summer season spike, power rates throughout Texas have fallen.
According to a 2014 report record the Texas Coalition union Affordable Power (TCAP), "deregulation cost Expense about $22 billion from 2002 to 2012.
Power to Choose is a program run by the Utility Commission of Texas. Its goal is to safeguard homeowners of the state from unreasonable energy costs as well as uncontrolled REPs, as well as develop a strong infrastructure. The program offers an easy to utilize, online tool that offer locals of the state the chance to compare prices, plans as well as various other energy choices. Bear in mind however, you actually require to read the small print if you determine to utilize Power to Pick (or any various other service, for that matter).
Texas electricity rates are on their way down once again. After a summer spike, power prices across Texas have fallen.
In this free enterprise contending electricity stores buy electrical power wholesale from personal power generators to offer at retail to around 80% of Texas residents. The collaboration in between retailers as well as generators is regulated by the Electric Integrity Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which attempts to stabilize the power grid's electricity supply and demand by buying percentages of electrical energy at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.
In spite of the reality that Texas sees much greater temperature levels year round, most households have and make use of warming units. These devices produce warm in one of four means: other, lp, electrical energy as well as gas. Just over fifty percent of houses in Texas utilize electricity to run their heating units. This is a much higher standard than the total average for the country.
Due to the increased usage of gas instantly after deregulation, new-era power devices such as wind power as well as smart-grid technology were greatly assisted. Texas' first "renewable portfolio criterion"-- or requirement that the state's utilities obtain a particular amount of their power from renewable resource like wind-- was authorized right into law in 1999, as component of the exact same legislation that decontrolled the electrical market.

Texas Electricity And Gas Providers
In Texas, the ordinary household makes use of an average of 77 million Btu of electrical energy per year, which is roughly 14% much less than the nationwide average. Damaging these statistics down also additional shows us that electrical energy use in the average Texan residence is 26% higher than the rest of the United States, however this isn't much greater than numerous other states that are closest to Texas.

When you're purchasing fantastic Texas power carriers, you wish to be clever about it. Your selections surpass Texas electrical power rates. We not just supplies lots, yet you can enroll in incentives programs, refer your buddies, track your use by appliance, and extra. Required much more convincing? The business offers back to the community as well as has terrific consumer service by phone, Facebook, and Twitter. It was established in Texas and serves Texans ... and also it's simply the trendy Texas brand.
By decontrolling the state's energy market, the Texas Senate offered components the power to select. The procedure of energy deregulation in Texas took apart the utilities' monopoly over the electric market and also encouraged consumers to explore their energy alternatives.

The cost to beat seemed to accomplish its goal of bring in rivals to the market throughout the period through January 1, 2007. It allowed rivals to get in the marketplace without enabling the incumbents to damage them in rate. It has actually additionally provided energy customers the ability to contrast energy rates supplied by different service providers. The less-regulated service providers undercut the price to defeat by only a small margin provided that they have to balance lower rates (to bring in consumers and construct market share) with greater rates (needed to reinvest in brand-new nuclear power plant). As a result of the tiny distinction in contending costs and sluggish (yearly or two) "acquiring" process, cost decrease as a result of competitors was really slow-moving, as well as it took a few years to offset the original boost by "conventional" electrical carriers and also transfer to lower rates.
In finding you the best Texas electric prices, we just detail electrical business that have excellent service stability, excellent solution, environmental awareness, as well as clear prices. This secures you from service providers that could soon fail, are unattentive to clients, are environmentally unhealthy, or may finish up billing you a greater price than promoted.
Therefore, 85% of Texas power consumers (those served by a firm not had by an utility or a town cooperative) can select their electrical energy solution from a range of retail electrical providers (Representatives), consisting of the incumbent utility. The incumbent utility in the area still has and also maintains the neighborhood high-voltage line (and is the firm to hire the event of a power blackout) as well as is not subject to deregulation. Clients offered by cooperatives or local energies can pick an alternate REPRESENTATIVE only if the utility has actually "opted in" to deregulation.

A price to defeat dealt with at the actual wholesale procurement price of electricity does not give prospective participants a margin to compete against incumbent energies. Second, the rate to beat would have to be reasonably low, to allow as many customers as possible to proceed to eat electricity throughout the transition period.
The Public Energy Payment (PUC) has a site to aid you compare as well as locate all the electrical power strategies as well as companies in your location. You can filter your choices based on your usage, your favored plan kind, and numerous other aspects. Once you have actually chosen the retail electrical energy supplier that finest fits your requirements, you can join straight from their website.
The PUC's goal is to protect customers, foster competitors, as well as advertise top notch infrastructure. Along with regulating the states electric utilities as well as executing regulation, the PUC provides Texas locals support in solving customer complaints. If you have a complaint with your electrical energy firm you can most likely to the main PUC website and also submit an informal issue.

Fixed-rate supply plans use price-protected supply prices for the size of a term agreement. The rate per kilowatt hour (kWh) will certainly stay the exact same throughout your term, even if the marketplace cost rises and fall. A fixed-rate supply strategy can range from three months to 5 years, so it's important to discover the term length that works best for your scenario.


Gone are the days when you needed to call electric business to find their prices, and also negotiate a much better offer by yourself. Today, the firm does the help you, taking care of the entire process of finding the ideal Texas electrical power rates and strategies from suppliers that have a pedigree of company stability, customer support, eco-friendliness, as well as monetary openness. This enables you to go shopping for power in simply a few mins, right from your computer.
Texas has electrical energy intake of $24 billion a year, the greatest amongst the UNITED STATE states. Its yearly intake approaches that of Fantastic Britain and also Spain, and also if the state were an independent country, its electrical energy market would be the 11th biggest on the planet. Texas generates one of the most wind power in the UNITED STATE, but additionally has the highest Co2 Emissions of any state. As of 2012, Texas residential electrical energy prices rated 31st in the USA and average regular monthly household electric expenses in Texas were the 5th greatest in the nation.
Online Electricity Bill For Texas
Before you switch over service providers, you'll need to establish whether you're under an agreement with your present provider, and also if so, just how long you have actually left on your contract. You can normally discover this information by looking at your electrical energy costs or by calling your power service provider. Your present contract may lay out a very early discontinuation fee if you select to switch prior to your agreement is up. Nevertheless, according to the Public Utility Compensation of Texas, customers can switch over providers without paying a very early termination fee if they schedule the switch no earlier than 2 week before their existing plan expires. You'll be able to indicate the date you desire the button to happen when you change providers.
Green energy plans are sustained 100% by Renewable Power Certifications (RECs) that are bought as well as retired in an amount adequate to match your annual consumption. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible power product in the USA that stands for evidence that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity was generated from a qualified sustainable power resource like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Regards to Solution for even more info.
Thousands of consumers and businesses that have actually utilized our power rate comparison process concur that, when purchasing for business power or household power rates and also plans, our internet site is the one-stop resource for the finest alternatives from leading electric providers.
The company is the destination website for Texas locals as well as company owner to share their point of views and have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Power Market. We provide daily updated information concerning electricity rates in Houston, Dallas, Ft Well Worth, Arlington, and thousands of other cities in Texas. The business assists individuals make notified buying decisions via its consumer evaluates system and also is a reliable source for useful consumer insight, suggestions, extensive power company service analyses, as well as individualized referrals. Because 2009, we have actually assisted over 2.1 million buyers find the finest power suppliers and also prices.

Texas Best And Cheapest Energy Supplier
Multiple retail electricity suppliers in Texas wish to be your selection for power. We are dedicated to aiding you conveniently examine the numerous power plans offered to Texas organizations and residences. We are an independent source of details to help you contrast the finest Texas electrical power prices effectively as well as effectively.

Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll lock in a power price for the term of your agreement. If the rate stability of a fixed-rate plan seems like the finest option for you, lock in your electricity rate, which offers free power.
You want to be wise about it when you're going shopping for wonderful Texas electrical energy carriers. Your choices surpass Texas electrical energy rates. We not just offers excellent deals, but you can register for benefits programs, refer your pals, track your usage by home appliance, as well as extra. Need more convincing? The business returns to the area and also has fantastic customer care by phone, Facebook, and Twitter. It was started in Texas and serves Texans ... as well as it's just the trendy Texas brand.
Eco-friendly power plans are supported 100% by Renewable Resource Certifications (RECs) that are acquired as well as retired in an amount sufficient to match your annual intake. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible energy asset in the United States that represents evidence that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electrical power was created from an eligible renewable energy resource like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Regards to Service for additional information.
We advocate for consumers and also evaluate carriers in the Texas power market for attributes and also features that typical energy consumers might miss out on, such as high deposits, variable prices, rewards, "complimentary" plans, and also minimum use plans. Our mission is to aid consumers find the most effective power carriers to fit their private needs, along with educate clients about potential industry mistakes.

According to a common financial concept, rates are optimally established in a transparent as well as reasonable market, as well as not by a political or academic body. In deregulation of power markets, one instant interest in rates is that incumbent electricity carriers would certainly undercut the prices of brand-new entrants, preventing competitors and perpetuating the existing syndicate of suppliers. Hence, the SB7 costs introduced a phase-in period throughout which a price flooring would certainly be developed (for incumbent electricity business) to stop this predacious practice, permitting new market entrants to come to be established. Brand-new market entrants could charge a rate below the rate to defeat, however incumbents can not. This duration was to last from 2002 to January 1, 2007. As of 2007 Texas capitalist possessed energy associates no more have cost to defeat tolls.
They offer cheap electric prices in hopes of becoming your brand-new Texas electrical energy business. You obtain an economical electrical rate and the strategy of your option, and the supplier includes one more completely satisfied client.

Therefore, 85% of Texas power consumers (those offered by a company not possessed by an energy or a municipality cooperative) can pick their power service from a selection of retail electrical companies (Representatives), consisting of the incumbent energy. The incumbent utility in the location still owns and preserves the local high-voltage line (and is the company to call in the occasion of a power interruption) and is exempt to deregulation. Clients offered by cooperatives or metropolitan energies can select an alternative REP just if the energy has "opted in" to deregulation.


There are various choices for term sizes in the Texas power market. Various term sizes often have different rate factors, so if you're extra versatile with the length of your contract, you can obtain a less expensive rate. Agreements with much shorter term lengths are fantastic if you prefer to prevent a lasting dedication while longer contracts generally offer the benefit of longer-term cost security.
They offer affordable electrical prices in hopes of becoming your new Texas electrical power firm. You obtain an inexpensive electric price and the plan of your choice, and the company includes another pleased client.

Therefore, 85% of Texas power customers (those offered by a company not had by a town or an energy cooperative) can pick their electricity service from a variety of retail electric suppliers (Associates), consisting of the incumbent energy. The incumbent utility in the location still has and also keeps the neighborhood high-voltage line (as well as is the company to contact the occasion of a power failure) and also is not subject to deregulation. Clients offered by cooperatives or metropolitan energies can select an alternating ASSOCIATE only if the utility has actually "decided in" to deregulation.
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