Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate plan, you'll lock in a power price for the term of your contract. If the price stability of a fixed-rate strategy seems like the best option for you, secure in your electrical power price, which offers cost-free electricity.
Homeowners as well as entrepreneur have actually been able to shop Texas electrical energy supply prices for greater than a years. When Texans got the ability to select their preferred energy business in 2002, the electrical industry separated right into two parts: supply and shipment. Retail energy firms in Texas complete for business, offering a selection of term agreements as well as supply rates for customers to pick from.
Compared to the remainder of the country, information from the U.S. Energy Information Administration which releases annual state electric costs shows that Texas' electric costs did climb over the nationwide average instantly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, but, from 2010 to 2015 have moved considerably below the national average rate per kWh, with a total cost of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 nationally, or 17 percent lower in Texas. Between 2002-2014 the total cost to Texas customers is estimated to be $24B, a standard of $5,100 per household, more than comparable markets under state regulation.
Fixed-rate plans: Fixed-rate strategies offer clients a lot more security for their monthly energy expenses due to the fact that the rate a consumer indicators up with is the price she or he pays for the length of the strategy's agreement. The majority of variation comes with usage, though transmission as well as distribution costs as well as neighborhood charges also can transform. Because a fixed-rate strategy sometimes extends two-three years, these plans often need a consumer credit history check and can consist of very early cancellation costs. Fixed-rate plans, because of the proceeding market volatility, possibly are the most effective option for numerous consumers.
Compared to the remainder of the nation, data from the UNITED STATE Power Info Management which releases yearly state electric rates reveals that Texas' electric rates did increase over the national average quickly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, yet, from 2010 to 2015 have moved substantially below the nationwide typical rate per kWh, with a complete expense of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 country wide, or 17 percent reduced in Texas. In between 2002-2014 the complete price to Texas customers is estimated to be $24B, approximately $5,100 per house, more than equivalent markets under state policy.
The Texas Us Senate Expense 7, come on 2002, gave 5.6 million Texans the power to pick a retail electrical supplier (ASSOCIATE) to supply electrical energy to their home or business. This bill assisted in a competitive energy marketplace that 80 percent of Texans can take advantage of today. Energy choice is offered to citizens in Houston, Dallas/Fort Worth as well as various other cities in Texas.
In Texas, the typical house uses a standard of 77 million Btu of electrical power each year, which is around 14% less than the national standard. Damaging these statistics down even more shows us that power use in the ordinary Texan residence is 26% greater than the remainder of the USA, nonetheless this isn't a lot higher than numerous other states that are closest to Texas. When it comes to cost, the ordinary complete family bill per year is $1,9217. This amount places amongst the highest possible across America, but other states that typically see rising temperatures in the summertime period aren't much behind.

Prior to you change providers, you'll need to determine whether you're under an agreement with your current service provider, as well as if so, how much time you have left on your agreement. You can usually find this information by taking a look at your power bill or by calling your energy service provider. Your existing agreement may detail a very early termination fee if you select to change before your contract is up. Nonetheless, according to the general public Utility Payment of Texas, clients can switch suppliers without paying a very early discontinuation charge if they schedule the switch no earlier than 2 week prior to their current plan ends. You'll be able to suggest the day you desire the button to take place when you transform suppliers.


If you believe you have to pay the prices your current electrical power provider fees, we have good news. The state of Texas enables you to pick which electrical power supplier you utilize. This means you can pick a company that has the cheapest Texas electrical rates in your location as well as the very best prepare for your requirements, whether you need a far better bargain for your home, your service, or both. Thousands of customers and also companies that have actually utilized our electricity rate contrast process agree that, when purchasing industrial electrical energy or residential power rates and strategies, our web site is the one-stop resource for the very best choices from top electric carriers.
In this free enterprise completing electrical power retailers buy power wholesale from exclusive power generators to market at retail to around 80% of Texas citizens. The collaboration in between generators and stores is regulated by the Electric Dependability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to balance the power grid's electrical energy supply as well as need by purchasing percentages of electrical power at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.
Variable-rate supply plans, as the name suggests, have a price that varies based on the market price of electrical energy. While variable-rate supply plans can enable you to take advantage of market-price lows, there is the possibility of paying for high supply prices when need is at its height.
The state of Texas permits you to pick which power service provider you utilize. Thousands of consumers and services that have used our electricity price comparison procedure agree that, when shopping for industrial electrical power or household electricity prices and also strategies, our site is the one-stop resource for the finest choices from leading electrical providers.
Fixed-rate supply strategies use price-protected supply prices for the size of a term arrangement. The price per kilowatt hr (kWh) will certainly remain the exact same throughout your term, even if the marketplace rate rises and fall. A fixed-rate supply strategy can vary from 3 months to 5 years, so it is necessary to find the term length that functions ideal for your circumstance.
In this cost-free market competing electrical power sellers purchase power wholesale from private power generators to cost retail to around 80% of Texas residents. The partnership between generators and sellers is controlled by the Electric Dependability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to stabilize the power grid's electricity supply and also demand by purchasing percentages of power at 15-minute periods throughout the day.
The power to choose supply rates from retail power companies in Texas encompasses businesses, not just citizens. Entrepreneur who respect the bottom line should definitely consider searching. To buy Texas electrical rates for an organization, call us with your energy usage details or fill in our simple educational type so an energy rep can contact you with a totally free custom-made quote.
Locals and local business owner have actually been able to shop Texas electrical power supply rates for more than a years. When Texans got the capacity to choose their preferred power firm in 2002, the electrical industry divided into 2 parts: supply and delivery. Retail energy firms in Texas compete for organization, providing a selection of term arrangements as well as supply rates for consumers to pick from.
Given that the Texas electrical power market available to competition in 2002, numerous Texas homeowners have actually had the chance to pick their very own electricity supplier. As opposed to counting on their local utility to provide them with power, the majority of Texans can pick from a range of competitive carriers, permitting them to go shopping about for the best electricity strategy for their houses and lifestyles.
Customers for Texas electrical energy plans in the TX, could find 12-month strategies for 6.9 cents/kWh in February; by June, electrical power prices had enhanced 29 percent to 9.5 cents/kWh. As of very early September, 12-month strategies were up once more, to 10.2 cents/kWh-- a 7.5 percent hike from June and also a 49 percent increase just given that February.
There are several different choices for term lengths in the Texas energy market. Different term sizes frequently have various rate factors, so if you're more adaptable with the size of your contract, you might obtain a less expensive rate. Contracts with much shorter term sizes are terrific if you prefer to prevent a long-term commitment while longer contracts normally provide the benefit of longer-term rate security.
Given that 2002, around 85% of business and commercial consumers have changed power suppliers at least once. Approximately 40% of property customers in decontrolled areas have actually changed from the previous incumbent service provider to an affordable REP.
Before you switch over service providers, you'll need to establish whether you're under an agreement with your present service provider, as well as if so, just how long you have actually left on your contract. You can typically find this information by looking at your power expense or by calling your power provider. Your present contract might outline an early discontinuation cost if you select to switch prior to your agreement is up. According to the Public Energy Payment of Texas, customers can switch over suppliers without paying an early termination charge if they schedule the switch no earlier than 14 days prior to their current strategy expires. You'll be able to suggest the date you want the button to take place when you change suppliers.
We advocate for consumers and examine carriers in the Texas power market for attributes and characteristics that normal power customers may miss, such as high deposits, variable prices, rewards, "free" plans, and minimum usage strategies. Our mission is to aid customers discover the most effective electricity carriers to fit their specific needs, as well as educate clients regarding prospective market mistakes.

As a result of the increased use of gas promptly after deregulation, new-era power devices such as wind power as well as smart-grid modern technology were considerably assisted. Texas' first "sustainable portfolio standard"-- or requirement that the state's energies obtain a particular quantity of their power from sustainable energy like wind-- was signed into regulation in 1999, as component of the very same legislation that deregulated the electrical market.

Fixed-rate plans: Fixed-rate plans provide clients more stability for their regular monthly power expenses because the rate a consumer join is the rate he or she spends for the length of the strategy's contract. Many fluctuation includes use, though transmission and shipment costs and regional costs also can alter. These strategies usually need a client credit scores check and can include very early termination costs since a fixed-rate plan often covers two-three years. Fixed-rate plans, because of the continuing market volatility, probably are the finest choice for many customers.

In this free market competing electrical energy sellers acquire electricity wholesale from private power generators to sell at retail to about 80% of Texas locals. The partnership between merchants as well as generators is governed by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to balance the power grid's electrical energy supply and demand by buying small quantities of power at 15-minute periods throughout the day.
Variable-rate supply plans, as the name suggests, have a rate that varies based upon the market price of electrical power. Seasonal and market fluctuations can impact supply prices. While variable-rate supply strategies can enable you to capitalize on market-price lows, there is the possibility of paying for high supply prices when demand goes to its peak. These strategies offer terrific flexibility.

As an outcome, 85% of Texas power customers (those offered by a company not had by an utility or a town cooperative) can pick their electrical power service from a variety of retail electric carriers (Associates), including the incumbent energy. The incumbent energy in the area still possesses and also keeps the neighborhood power lines (and also is the firm to hire the occasion of a power outage) and is exempt to deregulation. Clients served by cooperatives or community utilities can select an alternative ASSOCIATE only if the energy has actually "opted in" to deregulation.


Texas presently creates and also consumes extra electricity than any kind of various other state in the nation. This energy intake is due to its dimension, however the ample land makes it a major manufacturer of wind power-- a renewable, or environment-friendly, power resource. The eco friendly power created by wind power is readily available to lots of Texas locals to provide the electrical energy in their residence or organization.
Electricity Bill Calculator Texas
With the power to pick a supply plan, shopping affordable Texas electric rates might potentially conserve you loan on your regular monthly electricity bills. Web sites can aid you contrast retail energy firms in Texas, discovering the supply strategy that is best for you. Best of all, there isn't any type of risk when you shop Texas power. Easy enter your POSTAL CODE to start locating electric supply rates in your area.
There are several options for term lengths in the Texas energy market. Various term lengths often have different cost factors, so if you're extra flexible with the length of your agreement, you could obtain a cheaper price. Agreements with much shorter term sizes are excellent if you choose to prevent a long-term dedication while longer agreements typically give the advantage of longer-term cost stability.
Over the previous summer, the general public Utilities Payment of Texas has actually been frustrated by Retail Energy Providers utilizing rates tricks that fool Texas customers right into high regular monthly expenses at its Power to Pick website. The PUC of Texas' finest remedy was to modify some type settings, restrict the number of REPRESENTATIVE plans, and offer a "series of user-friendly PDFs as well as videos meant to assist and also notify the customer." The chairman has even lately claimed that if the PUCT can't figure out an option, after that the compensation may just close down the Power to Select site.
By decontrolling the state's power market, the Texas Senate provided constituents the power to pick. The process of energy deregulation in Texas took apart the utilities' monopoly over the electrical market and encouraged customers to explore their power alternatives.
In ecological influence, results are combined. With the ability to invest revenues to satisfy additional power demand, producers like TXU are recommending eleven new coal-fired nuclear power plant. Coal nuclear power plant are less expensive than all-natural gas-fired power plants, yet generate more contamination.
You can typically discover this information by looking at your electrical power expense or by calling your energy carrier. According to the Public Utility Payment of Texas, consumers can switch carriers without paying an early discontinuation charge if they set up the button no earlier than 14 days before their existing plan ends.

Fixed-Rate strategy: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll secure a power price for the term of your agreement. One of the most typical term lengths are 6, 12, and also 24 months. Many fixed-rate strategies charge consumers a very early termination fee if they switch over companies before their contract expires, but your electrical power price will certainly stay stable via the periods. On the other hand, you may lose out on reduced bills from a downturn in energy rates. If the price security of a fixed-rate plan appears like the most effective choice for you, secure your electricity rate, which supplies cost-free electrical power.
Citizens as well as company owner have been able to shop Texas electrical power supply rates for even more than a years. When Texans obtained the ability to select their preferred power firm in 2002, the electric sector split into two components: supply as well as distribution. Retail energy business in Texas contend for organization, supplying a selection of term contracts and supply prices for consumers to select from.
Variable-rate strategy: A variable-rate strategy suggests the rate you pay for your electrical energy might change based on the market cost of energy. Energy price relies on many aspects, like weather condition, need, gas rates, the distribution system as well as the marketplace. Variable-rate strategies are versatile due to the fact that you are not locked right into a contract; nevertheless, you'll pay a greater cost in high-demand periods like summer. If you like to shop about and also maintain an eye on rates, a variable-rate strategy could be excellent for you.

When you use our price comparison process, companies know that they are contending to win your organization. They offer affordable electrical prices in hopes of becoming your brand-new Texas electricity business. This advantages both you and also the company you select. You receive an inexpensive electric rate and the strategy of your choice, as well as the company includes another completely satisfied customer.


Over the previous summer season, the general public Utilities Commission of Texas has actually been frustrated by Retail Power Providers utilizing prices tricks that dupe Texas customers right into high regular monthly bills at its Power to Pick website. The PUC of Texas' finest remedy was to fine-tune some type settings, restrict the variety of REP plans, as well as offer a "collection of straightforward PDFs and videos intended to educate the client as well as guide." The chairman has also lately said that if the PUCT can not figure out a remedy, then the payment may simply shut down the Power to Pick site.
The Texas Us Senate Expense 7, come on 2002, offered 5.6 million Texans the power to choose a retail electrical carrier (REPRESENTATIVE) to provide electrical power to their house or organization. This bill assisted in a competitive power industry that 80 percent of Texans can capitalize on today. Power choice is offered to locals in Houston, Dallas/Fort Worth as well as various other cities in Texas.
In environmental effect, results are mixed. With the capability to spend profits to satisfy more power need, producers like TXU are suggesting eleven new coal-fired power plants. Coal power plants are cheaper than natural gas-fired power plants, yet generate even more air pollution.
For instance, customers for Texas electricity plans in the TX, might locate 12-month prepare for 6.9 cents/kWh in February; by June, electricity prices had actually increased 29 percent to 9.5 cents/kWh. As of early September, 12-month strategies were up once again, to 10.2 cents/kWh-- a 7.5 percent walk from June as well as a 49 percent increase just considering that February.
It has additionally provided power customers the capacity to compare energy prices supplied by different companies. Due to the little difference in contending prices and slow (yearly or so) "acquiring" process, price decline due to competition was extremely sluggish, as well as it took a couple of years to offset the original increase by "typical" electrical suppliers as well as move to reduced prices.
A rate to beat fixed at the real wholesale procurement rate of electricity does not offer possible participants a margin to complete against incumbent energies. Second, the rate to defeat would certainly have to be moderately reduced, to make it possible for as lots of consumers as possible to proceed to take in power during the transition duration.
In environmental impact, results are blended. With the capability to invest earnings to please more power need, producers like TXU are recommending eleven brand-new coal-fired nuclear power plant. Coal power plants are cheaper than natural gas-fired power plants, yet produce even more contamination.
Gone are the days when you needed to contact electric business to discover their rates, and negotiate a better bargain by yourself. Today, the firm does the work for you, dealing with the entire process of discovering the most effective Texas electricity rates and also strategies from suppliers that have a pedigree of organization stability, client service, eco-friendliness, and economic openness. This allows you to purchase power in simply a couple of minutes, right from your computer.
Utility companies are accountable for transmission as well as distribution of electricity also in energy deregulated parts of Texas and ought to be gotten in touch with in the occasion of a power interruption. Your retail energy provider might provide you competitive electric prices or remarkable client service, but they can not fix high-voltage line or restore your service. When it comes to an emergency situation, contact:
Environment-friendly energy plans are supported 100% by Renewable Power Certificates (RECs) that are acquired and also retired in a quantity enough to match your annual consumption. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible power commodity in the USA that stands for proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electrical energy was produced from an eligible renewable resource source like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Regards to Solution to learn more.
In Texas, the ordinary household utilizes approximately 77 million Btu of electrical energy annually, which is around 14% less than the nationwide average. Breaking these stats down also further shows us that electrical energy usage in the typical Texan residence is 26% higher than the remainder of the USA, nonetheless this isn't a lot more than several various other states that are closest to Texas. The average total household expense per year is $1,9217 when it comes to set you back. This quantity ranks among the highest across America, however various other states that typically see soaring temperatures in the summertime season aren't much behind.
Customers for Texas power plans in the TX, might discover 12-month plans for 6.9 cents/kWh in February; by June, electrical power prices had actually increased 29 percent to 9.5 cents/kWh. As of very early September, 12-month strategies were up again, to 10.2 cents/kWh-- a 7.5 percent walk from June and a 49 percent boost simply given that February.

Fixed-rate strategies: Fixed-rate plans provide customers more stability for their month-to-month power expenses since the rate a client indicators up with is the rate he or she pays for the length of the plan's agreement. Due to the fact that a fixed-rate strategy often covers two-three years, these plans commonly need a client credit score check as well as can consist of early cancellation fees.


You can generally discover this info by looking at your electrical power expense or by calling your power carrier. According to the Public Energy Commission of Texas, consumers can switch over providers without paying an early discontinuation fee if they arrange the switch no earlier than 14 days before their present plan runs out.
Texas Compare Energy Plans
The PUC's objective is to safeguard consumers, foster competitors, and also promote top notch infrastructure. In enhancement to managing the states electrical utilities and also applying legislation, the PUC offers Texas residents assistance in solving consumer complaints. If you have an issue with your electricity company you can go to the main PUC site and submit an informal grievance.
Texas currently generates as well as consumes a lot more electrical energy than any various other state in the country. This energy usage is due to its size, but the ample land makes it a significant producer of wind power-- an eco-friendly, or environment-friendly, energy resource. The eco friendly power produced by wind power is readily available to numerous Texas residents to supply the electrical energy in their residence or organization.
The firm is the location website for Texas residents and also company proprietors to share their viewpoints and also have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Energy Market. We use daily upgraded info regarding electrical power prices in Houston, Dallas, Fort Worth, Arlington, as well as hundreds of various other cities in Texas.
Multiple retail electrical energy companies in Texas want to be your selection for electricity. Because the electrical power market opened, extra as well as more electrical power suppliers have actually entered the market with numerous plans and items. Firms provide a plethora of electricity plans and also benefits so customers can find the electricity strategy that ideal fits their demands. If the price security of a fixed-rate plan appears like the ideal option for you, secure in your electrical power price, which provides totally free electricity.

Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll secure an electrical energy rate for the regard to your contract. The most usual term sizes are 6, 12, and also 24 months. Many fixed-rate plans charge clients a very early termination cost if they switch suppliers before their agreement expires, yet your power price will certainly stay stable through the seasons. On the other hand, you may lose out on lower expenses from a decline in power prices. If the cost security of a fixed-rate plan seems like the most effective alternative for you, secure in your electrical power rate, which offers cost-free electrical energy.
In discovering you the most effective Texas electric rates, we just detail electrical firms that have wonderful organization stability, outstanding solution, environmental understanding, as well as transparent prices. This secures you from carriers that might soon go out of business, are unattentive to customers, are ecologically unbalanced, or might end up billing you a greater price than advertised.
With the power to select a supply strategy, buying affordable Texas electrical rates can potentially conserve you loan on your monthly electrical power expenses. Best of all, there isn't any threat when you shop Texas electricity.
The price to beat seemed to accomplish its objective of attracting rivals to the market during the period via January 1, 2007. It allowed competitors to enter the marketplace without permitting the incumbents to undercut them in rate. It has additionally offered power customers the capacity to contrast power rates supplied by different service providers. The less-regulated suppliers damage the price to beat by only a little margin considered that they have to stabilize lower rates (to build and bring in consumers market share) with greater costs (needed to reinvest in brand-new power plants). As a result of the small distinction in contending costs as well as sluggish (yearly or so) "buying" procedure, rate decline due to competition was really slow-moving, and also it took a few years to offset the original boost by "typical" electric providers as well as transfer to lower prices.
Utility companies are liable for transmission as well as distribution of electricity also in power deregulated components of Texas and also must be spoken to in case of a power outage. Your retail power distributor might offer you competitive electrical prices or outstanding consumer solution, but they can not fix power lines or restore your service. When it comes to an emergency, contact:

A rate to beat dealt with at the actual wholesale procurement price of electricity does not provide prospective participants a margin to contend against incumbent energies. Second, the price to defeat would certainly have to be moderately low, to enable as numerous customers as possible to continue to consume electrical energy during the transition duration.
You can generally locate this details by looking at your power costs or by calling your power carrier. According to the Public Utility Compensation of Texas, consumers can switch over service providers without paying a very early discontinuation fee if they schedule the switch no earlier than 14 days before their present plan runs out.
Thousands of customers as well as organizations that have used our electrical energy rate contrast procedure agree that, when purchasing for business electrical energy or household electrical energy rates and also strategies, our web site is the one-stop source for the ideal options from leading electrical service providers.
Therefore, 85% of Texas power customers (those served by a firm not owned by an utility or a district cooperative) can select their electricity service from a selection of retail electric service providers (REPs), consisting of the incumbent utility. The incumbent utility in the area still possesses as well as keeps the neighborhood high-voltage line (and also is the company to employ the event of a power outage) and also is exempt to deregulation. Clients offered by cooperatives or community energies can pick an alternative ASSOCIATE just if the utility has actually "opted in" to deregulation.
Fixed-rate supply plans offer price-protected supply rates for the size of a term arrangement. The cost per kilowatt hour (kWh) will certainly continue to be the same throughout your term, even if the market rate fluctuates. A fixed-rate supply strategy can vary from three months to five years, so it is very important to locate the term length that works ideal for your scenario.

Numerous retail electrical power carriers in Texas desire to be your selection for electricity. We are committed to aiding you easily assess the many electrical power strategies offered to Texas residences and also organizations. We are an independent source of details to aid you compare the most effective Texas electrical energy rates efficiently and also effectively.
In ecological impact, results are blended. With the ability to invest profits to satisfy more energy demand, producers like TXU are proposing eleven brand-new coal-fired nuclear power plant. Coal power plants are less expensive than natural gas-fired power plants, but generate even more air pollution.
Compare Energy Suppliers Texas
The majority of Texas electrical power vendors provide strategies that consist of a portion of energy sourced from sustainable sources, such as hydro power, wind power and solar power. In enhancement to green power strategies, many Texas distributors offer clients the choice to acquire eco-friendly energy certificates, or RECs, that further counter clients' carbon exhausts.
Fixed-rate supply plans offer price-protected supply rates for the size of a term arrangement. The cost per kilowatt hour (kWh) will certainly continue to be the same throughout your term, even if the market rate fluctuates. A fixed-rate supply strategy can vary from three months to five years, so it is very important to locate the term length that works ideal for your scenario.
Contrasted to the remainder of the country, data from the UNITED STATE Energy Info Administration which publishes annual state electric rates shows that Texas' electric costs did rise over the nationwide ordinary quickly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, but, from 2010 to 2015 have actually moved substantially below the nationwide average price per kWh, with a total price of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 nationally, or 17 percent reduced in Texas. Between 2002-2014 the total price to Texas consumers is approximated to be $24B, an average of $5,100 per home, greater than comparable markets under state policy.
In deregulation of electrical energy markets, one prompt concern with prices is that incumbent power suppliers would damage the rates of brand-new entrants, protecting against competition and perpetuating the existing monopoly of providers. Hence, the SB7 bill presented a phase-in period throughout which a rate floor would certainly be developed (for incumbent electrical power companies) to stop this predatory method, permitting new market participants to come to be established. As of 2007 Texas investor possessed utility associates no longer have rate to beat tolls.
Compare Energy Rates Texas
Variable-rate strategy: A variable-rate strategy suggests the rate you pay for your electrical energy might change based on the market cost of energy. Energy price relies on many aspects, like weather condition, need, gas rates, the distribution system as well as the marketplace. Variable-rate strategies are versatile due to the fact that you are not locked right into a contract; nevertheless, you'll pay a greater cost in high-demand periods like summer. If you like to shop about and also maintain an eye on rates, a variable-rate strategy could be excellent for you.
In Texas, the average house makes use of a standard of 77 million Btu of electricity per year, which is approximately 14% much less than the nationwide standard. Breaking these stats down even additional programs us that power use in the average Texan residence is 26% higher than the rest of the United States, however this isn't a lot greater than numerous various other states that are closest to Texas.
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