As a result of the increased usage of all-natural gas right away after deregulation, new-era energy tools such as wind power and smart-grid modern technology were significantly aided. Texas' first "sustainable portfolio requirement"-- or demand that the state's energies obtain a specific quantity of their power from renewable resource like wind-- was authorized right into regulation in 1999, as part of the exact same legislation that deregulated the electrical market.
There are several choices for term sizes in the Texas energy market. Various term sizes usually have different rate factors, so if you're extra adaptable with the size of your agreement, you can get a cheaper rate. Contracts with shorter term lengths are fantastic if you favor to stay clear of a lasting commitment while longer agreements typically provide the advantage of longer-term price security.
The PUC's goal is to shield consumers, foster competition, and also promote top quality infrastructure. Along with managing the states electrical energies as well as implementing regulation, the PUC supplies Texas citizens help in dealing with customer grievances. , if you have an issue with your electrical power company you can go to the official PUC internet site and also file a casual complaint.
Texas Gas Bill Comparison
Given that the electrical energy market opened up, extra and also more electrical energy carriers have gotten in the market with different plans and also items. Business provide a wide variety of electrical energy plans and also advantages so clients can locate the electricity strategy that best fits their demands. While it's great to have so lots of alternatives, it can be confusing and tough to pick an electricity strategy. With selections like fixed-rate, variable-rate, as well as prepaid plans, as well as differing cost alternatives, term sizes and also incentives, buying for a power plan can be an overwhelming job.
In Texas, the typical house utilizes a standard of 77 million Btu of power per year, which is about 14% less than the nationwide standard. Damaging these stats down even additional shows us that electrical power use in the typical Texan residence is 26% greater than the remainder of the United States, nevertheless this isn't much more than a number of other states that are closest to Texas. The ordinary complete family expense per year is $1,9217 when it comes to cost. This quantity rates amongst the greatest across America, however other states that normally see soaring temperatures in the summer season aren't far behind.
These systems produce warm in one of 4 methods: various other, propane, electrical power and also all-natural gas. Just over fifty percent of houses in Texas use electrical energy to run their home heating units.
According to a 2014 record by the Texas Coalition for Affordable Power (TCAP), "deregulation cost Texans regarding $22 billion from 2002 to 2012. And also homeowners in the decontrolled market pay costs that are significantly greater than those who stay in parts of the state that are still controlled. TCAP located that the ordinary customer living in one of the areas that decided out of deregulation, such as Austin and San Antonio, paid $288 much less in 2012 than consumers in the deregulated locations."
Because the Texas electricity market open up to competition in 2002, lots of Texas residents have had the chance to choose their very own electrical power company. As opposed to counting on their local energy to offer them with power, most Texans can select from a selection of affordable providers, allowing them to shop around for the excellent electrical power prepare for their houses and way of lives.
The power to select supply prices from retail power companies in Texas includes businesses, not simply locals. Local business owner that appreciate the lower line should absolutely consider looking around. To look for Texas electrical prices for a business, call us with your power use information or fill up out our simple educational kind so a power agent can contact you with a complimentary personalized quote.
Thousands of customers and services that have utilized our power rate comparison process agree that, when purchasing for commercial electrical energy or property electrical power prices and also plans, our web site is the one-stop source for the ideal options from top electrical providers.
The majority of Texas electrical power distributors use plans that include a percent of power sourced from renewable resources, such as hydro power, wind power and also solar power. In enhancement to green power plans, lots of Texas vendors provide consumers the choice to acquire renewable energy certifications, or RECs, that more counter consumers' carbon exhausts.
It has actually additionally given energy customers the ability to contrast power prices used by various carriers. Due to the small distinction in competing rates and also sluggish (annual or so) "acquiring" procedure, rate reduction due to competitors was extremely slow-moving, and also it took a couple of years to offset the original boost by "conventional" electrical carriers and relocate to lower prices.
Residents and company owner have actually been able to go shopping Texas electricity supply rates for greater than a decade. When Texans obtained the capability to select their desired energy company in 2002, the electrical sector separated right into 2 components: supply and also shipment. Retail power business in Texas complete for service, supplying a selection of term contracts as well as supply rates for customers to select from.
We advocate for consumers and review providers in the Texas electricity market for attributes and characteristics that regular power customers might miss out on, such as high down payments, variable prices, rewards, "complimentary" strategies, and also minimum use plans. Our objective is to assist customers discover the very best electricity providers to fit their individual demands, in addition to inform consumers regarding possible industry challenges.
The company is the location site for Texas homeowners and also business proprietors to share their point of views and also have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Power Market. We offer day-to-day updated details about electrical power rates in Houston, Dallas, Fort Worth, Arlington, and hundreds of other cities in Texas.
Energy companies are liable for transmission and also distribution of electrical energy even in power deregulated parts of Texas and must be gotten in touch with in case of a power blackout. Your retail energy distributor may offer you competitive electrical rates or exceptional consumer solution, yet they can not fix power lines or restore your solution. In the situation of an emergency, get in touch with:
With the power to pick a supply plan, buying competitive Texas electrical rates might potentially conserve you loan on your regular monthly electrical power costs. Internet sites can aid you contrast retail energy firms in Texas, locating the supply plan that is right for you. Best of all, there isn't any threat when you go shopping Texas power. Simple enter your ZIP code to begin locating electrical supply prices in your area.
One of the criteria of a successful totally free market is the variety of option provided to consumers. Option can be viewed both in regards to the number of firms active in the marketplace as well as the variety of items those companies supply to customers. In the first years of retail electric deregulation in Texas, the marketplace experienced dramatic adjustments in both metrics. In 2002, household customers in the Dallas-Fort area could select between 10 retail electrical carriers offer a total amount of 11 rate strategies. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electric providers using 258 various price strategies to domestic clients in that market. Similar rises in the variety of retail electric companies and offered strategies have been recognized in other decontrolled electricity market locations with the state.
Texas Best Utility Provider
Texas electricity prices get on their means down again. After a summer spike, electricity prices across Texas have actually dropped. Utility authorities were worried about having enough power to satisfy peak summertime demand. This caused electrical power companies enhancing the prices on their dealt with rate strategies in anticipation of greater wholesale power prices.
In order to motivate entrance right into the market, the cost to defeat would need to be high enough to enable a modest profit by brand-new entrants. Therefore, it had to be above the expense of inputs such as gas and coal. For example, a price to defeat fixed at the actual wholesale procurement cost of electricity does not offer prospective entrants a margin to compete against incumbent energies. Second, the price to beat would certainly need to be moderately reduced, to allow as several customers as feasible to proceed to eat power throughout the change period.
The company is the destination site for Texas citizens and also service owners to share their point of views as well as have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Power Market. We use everyday updated info concerning electrical power rates in Houston, Dallas, Fort Well Worth, Arlington, and also hundreds of other cities in Texas.
Thousands of consumers and also companies that have used our electrical power price comparison procedure concur that, when shopping for industrial power or household electrical power rates and strategies, our site is the one-stop resource for the finest choices from top electrical companies.
Utility business are in charge of transmission and also delivery of electrical energy also in power decontrolled components of Texas as well as ought to be spoken to in case of a power failure. Your retail power provider may supply you affordable electrical prices or outstanding customer support, but they can not fix power lines or recover your service. When it comes to an emergency situation, get in touch with:
Power to Pick is a program run by the Public Utility Commission of Texas. The program supplies an easy to use, on the internet tool that provide homeowners of the state the possibility to contrast rates, strategies and also various other power choices.
Energy Comparison Sites Texas
Utility companies are accountable for transmission and also delivery of electricity also in power decontrolled components of Texas and also need to be gotten in touch with in case of a power failure. Your retail energy supplier might supply you competitive electric prices or exceptional customer support, but they can not repair power lines or recover your service. When it comes to an emergency situation, contact:
Gone are the days when you needed to get in touch with electric companies to find their rates, and work out a much better deal by yourself. Today, the firm does the job for you, taking care of the whole procedure of locating the ideal Texas electrical power rates and plans from suppliers that have a pedigree of service stability, customer care, eco-friendliness, and financial transparency. This permits you to buy electrical power in just a few mins, right from your computer.
Several retail electrical power companies in Texas want to be your choice for electricity. Because the electrical power market opened up, much more and much more electricity providers have gotten in the market with different plans and items. Companies offer a wide range of electrical power strategies and also advantages so customers can find the electrical power plan that best fits their demands. If the price security of a fixed-rate strategy seems like the finest choice for you, lock in your electricity rate, which provides cost-free electricity.
Thousands of consumers and also companies that have utilized our power rate contrast process agree that, when purchasing for commercial power or household electrical energy rates as well as strategies, our web site is the one-stop source for the finest alternatives from top electric providers.
The price to beat appeared to complete its goal of bring in competitors to the market throughout the duration through January 1, 2007. It permitted rivals to get in the market without enabling the incumbents to damage them in rate. It has additionally given energy consumers the ability to compare power prices provided by different carriers. The less-regulated companies undercut the cost to defeat by only a tiny margin considered that they have to balance lower prices (to draw in customers as well as construct market share) with higher costs (needed to reinvest in new power plants). Because of the little difference in competing rates as well as sluggish (annual or two) "buying" procedure, rate decline because of competitors was extremely slow-moving, and also it took a few years to counter the initial boost by "conventional" electrical suppliers as well as relocate to lower prices.
Power to Choose is a program run by the Public Utility Compensation of Texas. Its goal is to safeguard residents of the state from unjust power expenses and also uncontrolled Representatives, along with establish a strong infrastructure. The program offers a simple to use, on the internet tool that provide residents of the state the possibility to contrast rates, plans as well as various other power options. Bear in mind however, you truly require to check out the small print if you make a decision to make use of Power to Choose (or any various other solution, for that matter).
Gone are the days when you needed to speak to electrical business to discover their prices, and work out a much better deal on your own. Today, the business does the job for you, taking care of the whole process of finding the most effective Texas electrical energy prices as well as plans from suppliers that have a pedigree of organization stability, customer service, eco-friendliness, as well as financial transparency. This enables you to shop for electricity in simply a couple of minutes, right from your computer.
Texas Gas Bill Comparison
Fixed-Rate strategy: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll secure an electrical power rate for the regard to your agreement. One of the most common term lengths are 6, 12, and also 24 months. Many fixed-rate plans bill clients an early termination cost if they switch carriers before their contract expires, yet your electrical power rate will certainly stay secure via the periods. On the other hand, you may miss out on reduced bills from a slump in energy prices. If the price stability of a fixed-rate plan appears like the ideal alternative for you, secure your electrical energy rate, which provides complimentary power.
In the initial decade of retail electric deregulation in Texas, the market experienced remarkable changes in both metrics. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electric service providers providing 258 different rate plans to domestic clients in that market. Comparable increases in the number of retail electric carriers and also available plans have been realized in other deregulated electricity market areas with the state.
Numerous retail electrical energy service providers in Texas intend to be your selection for electricity. We are dedicated to helping you conveniently assess the countless electricity strategies available to Texas homes as well as organizations. We are an independent resource of details to help you contrast the best Texas electrical power rates successfully as well as efficiently.
Fixed-rate supply plans provide price-protected supply prices for the length of a term arrangement. The rate per kilowatt hour (kWh) will remain the exact same throughout your term, even if the market price fluctuates. A fixed-rate supply strategy can range from 3 months to five years, so it is very important to locate the term length that functions best for your situation.
The company is the location internet site for Texas locals and company owners to share their viewpoints and have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Energy Market. We offer daily upgraded information concerning electrical power prices in Houston, Dallas, Fort Worth, Arlington, and also thousands of other cities in Texas. The business helps people make informed acquiring decisions with its consumer assesses platform and is a trusted source for important consumer understanding, recommendations, comprehensive power company service evaluations, and tailored referrals. Considering that 2009, we have actually helped over 2.1 million consumers find the best power suppliers and also rates.
Numerous retail electrical power carriers in Texas desire to be your selection for electricity. We are committed to aiding you easily assess the many electrical power strategies offered to Texas residences and also organizations. We are an independent source of details to aid you compare the most effective Texas electrical energy rates efficiently and also effectively.
There are numerous different alternatives for term lengths in the Texas energy market. Different term lengths usually have various price factors, so if you're extra flexible with the size of your agreement, you can get a cheaper price. Contracts with much shorter term sizes are excellent if you like to prevent a lasting dedication while longer contracts normally provide the benefit of longer-term rate stability.
Energy companies are accountable for transmission as well as delivery of power also in energy deregulated components of Texas and also must be gotten in touch with in case of a power blackout. Your retail power distributor may provide you competitive electrical prices or exceptional customer support, yet they can not repair high-voltage line or recover your service. When it comes to an emergency situation, contact:
In finding you the finest Texas electrical prices, we only detail electrical business that have excellent service security, outstanding solution, environmental awareness, and also transparent rates. This safeguards you from suppliers that can quickly go out of organization, are unattentive to customers, are environmentally unbalanced, or might finish up charging you a greater price than promoted.
Utility business are accountable for transmission and also shipment of electricity even in power deregulated components of Texas and also should be contacted in the event of a power blackout. Your retail energy provider may supply you competitive electrical rates or exceptional customer service, however they can not fix high-voltage line or restore your service. In the instance of an emergency situation, get in touch with:
Save Money On Electricity Texas
One preferred impact of the competition is lower power rates. In the very first couple of years after the deregulation in 2002, the household rate for power increased seven times, with the price to beat at about 15 cents per kilowatt hr in 2006. However, while prices to clients boosted 43% from 2002 to 2004, the expenses of inputs rose quicker, by 63%, showing that not all rises have been borne by customers.
Texas currently creates as well as consumes more power than any kind of various other state in the nation. This energy intake is because of its dimension, but the enough land makes it a significant manufacturer of wind power-- a renewable, or eco-friendly, energy source. The eco-friendly power produced by wind power is available to several Texas citizens to provide the electrical energy in their home or service.
The cost to defeat appeared to achieve its objective of attracting rivals to the market during the duration with January 1, 2007. It allowed competitors to enter the market without permitting the incumbents to undercut them in cost. It has actually likewise offered power customers the ability to contrast power rates provided by various companies. The less-regulated providers undercut the rate to beat by just a small margin given that they should stabilize reduced costs (to develop and also bring in customers market share) with greater prices (needed to reinvest in new power plants). Because of the little difference in completing rates as well as slow-moving (yearly approximately) "getting" procedure, price reduction due to competition was very sluggish, and also it took a couple of years to offset the original rise by "typical" electric service providers as well as transfer to reduced prices.
In finding you the most effective Texas electric rates, we just provide electric business that have wonderful organization stability, outstanding solution, environmental awareness, and transparent pricing. This secures you from companies that might soon fail, are unattentive to clients, are ecologically unbalanced, or may finish up charging you a greater price than advertised.
Texas electricity prices get on their method down once more. After a summertime spike, electrical power rates across Texas have actually fallen. Utility authorities were concerned regarding having sufficient electrical power to meet peak summer season demand. This led to electrical power service providers raising the prices on their fixed price strategies in expectancy of greater wholesale power rates.
By decontrolling the state's energy market, the Texas Us senate offered components the power to pick. The process of energy deregulation in Texas took apart the utilities' syndicate over the electrical market and motivated consumers to explore their energy alternatives.
One desired result of the competitors is reduced electrical energy rates. In the first couple of years after the deregulation in 2002, the residential rate for electrical power enhanced 7 times, with the rate to defeat at about 15 cents per kilowatt hr in 2006. However, while rates to customers boosted 43% from 2002 to 2004, the prices of inputs increased faster, by 63%, revealing that not all boosts have been birthed by consumers.
Over the previous summertime, the Public Utilities Commission of Texas has been frustrated by Retail Energy Providers using rates gimmicks that rip off Texas consumers right into high month-to-month costs at its Power to Select internet site. The PUC of Texas' finest solution was to modify some kind setups, limit the variety of REP plans, as well as use a "collection of easy to use PDFs and videos planned to lead as well as notify the customer." The chairman has even recently said that if the PUCT can't figure out a solution, after that the compensation might simply close down the Power to Choose web site.
One of the criteria of an effective free market is the array of option provided to customers. Choice can be watched both in regards to the number of companies active in the market as well as the variety of items those firms offer to customers. In the very first decade of retail electric deregulation in Texas, the marketplace experienced dramatic changes in both metrics. In 2002, residential customers in the Dallas-Fort location could choose between 10 retail electrical carriers provide a total of 11 price plans. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electrical companies supplying 258 different price plans to household customers in that market. Comparable boosts in the number of retail electric companies and also available plans have actually been recognized in various other deregulated power market areas with the state.
In this free market completing electrical power retailers purchase electrical power wholesale from exclusive power generators to cost retail to around 80% of Texas locals. The collaboration between generators and retailers is controlled by the Electric Integrity Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which attempts to stabilize the power grid's electrical energy supply as well as need by acquiring percentages of electrical energy at 15-minute periods throughout the day.
There are numerous different choices for term sizes in the Texas power market. Different term lengths usually have various price factors, so if you're a lot more flexible with the length of your contract, you can obtain a cheaper price. If you like to avoid a long-term commitment while longer contracts typically give the benefit of longer-term cost security, agreements with shorter term sizes are great.
Given that the power market opened, much more and also extra electricity companies have gone into the market with various plans and also items. Business offer a wide variety of power strategies and advantages so consumers can discover the power plan that best fits their needs.
Texas Best Energy Rates
We very carefully evaluate Texas power providers in your location. With our support, you no much longer need to track down different electrical energy rates, companies, and also strategies, because we provide all the info you require to choose the finest company.
Many Texas electrical power providers offer plans that include a percent of energy sourced from renewable energies, such as hydro power, wind power as well as solar energy. Some are absolutely sourced by doing this. These plans are a wonderful way for Texas energy clients to aid the environment without breaking the bank. Along with environment-friendly energy plans, many Texas providers provide consumers the option to buy sustainable power certifications, or RECs, that more balance out clients' carbon discharges. The acquisition of RECs likewise aids fund research and usage of sustainable energy resources, to make sure that Texas can remain at the forefront of green power technology.
In this free enterprise contending electricity retailers buy power wholesale from private power generators to offer at retail to about 80% of Texas homeowners. The collaboration between sellers and also generators is governed by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to stabilize the power grid's electrical energy supply as well as demand by acquiring percentages of electricity at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.
Thousands of customers and companies that have utilized our electricity rate comparison procedure agree that, when shopping for commercial power or property electrical power prices and also plans, our web site is the one-stop resource for the best alternatives from leading electric carriers.
Not just does it show clients the actual rates at different usage levels however it reflects both the rate jumps in a strategy at specific use. It additionally reveals whether the price is reduced or high compared to general electrical power market rates. By doing all the computations for the client, the firm can reveal customers what their best energy options are when they shop for Texas power regardless of what TDU area they remain in. Customers can see just how much they can truly anticipate to pay each month for their use.
Thousands of consumers and also organizations that have used our electrical energy rate comparison process concur that, when shopping for business electrical power or domestic electrical energy rates and also strategies, our site is the one-stop resource for the best alternatives from leading electric companies.
A price to beat fixed at the actual wholesale procurement cost of electrical energy does not give potential participants a margin to complete versus incumbent energies. Second, the cost to beat would certainly have to be moderately reduced, to make it possible for as many customers as possible to proceed to eat electrical energy during the transition duration.
Residents and service proprietors have had the ability to shop Texas electrical power supply rates for greater than a years. When Texans got the capability to pick their desired energy company in 2002, the electrical sector divided into 2 components: supply and shipment. Retail energy firms in Texas complete for business, using a variety of term agreements and also supply prices for consumers to pick from.
In Texas, the average home utilizes a standard of 77 million Btu of electrical energy each year, which is around 14% less than the nationwide standard. Damaging these statistics down even further shows us that electrical energy usage in the average Texan house is 26% more than the rest of the United States, nevertheless this isn't a lot greater than numerous other states that are closest to Texas. When it comes to cost, the ordinary total house expense each year is $1,9217. This quantity places among the highest throughout America, yet other states that commonly see soaring temperatures in the summertime season aren't far behind.
The state of Texas allows you to select which electricity supplier you utilize. Thousands of consumers and businesses that have actually utilized our electrical energy price comparison procedure agree that, when purchasing for commercial electrical power or domestic power rates and strategies, our internet site is the one-stop resource for the best options from leading electrical companies.
Before you switch over suppliers, you'll need to identify whether you're under an agreement with your present company, as well as if so, exactly how long you have left on your contract. You can normally locate this details by considering your electrical power bill or by calling your energy service provider. If you select to switch over prior to your agreement is up, your current agreement might lay out an early termination charge. Nevertheless, according to the Public Energy Commission of Texas, consumers can switch over companies without paying a very early discontinuation cost if they schedule the switch no earlier than 14 days before their existing plan expires. You'll be able to suggest the day you desire the switch to happen when you transform providers.
Most Texas electricity providers use strategies that consist of a portion of energy sourced from eco-friendly sources, such as hydro power, wind power and solar energy. Some are completely sourced in this way. These strategies are a terrific way for Texas power clients to assist the setting without damaging the bank. Along with eco-friendly energy plans, many Texas vendors give customers the alternative to buy eco-friendly power certificates, or RECs, that further counter consumers' carbon emissions. The acquisition of RECs likewise aids fund research and usage of sustainable power resources, to make sure that Texas can remain at the center of environmentally friendly power technology.
Consumers for Texas power strategies in the TX, could discover 12-month plans for 6.9 cents/kWh in February; by June, electrical energy rates had increased 29 percent to 9.5 cents/kWh. Since very early September, 12-month plans were up once again, to 10.2 cents/kWh-- a 7.5 percent walk from June and a 49 percent boost just because February.
Gone are the days when you had to speak to electric companies to discover their rates, and also discuss a far better offer by yourself. Today, the business does the work for you, managing the entire procedure of discovering the ideal Texas power prices as well as plans from suppliers that have a pedigree of business stability, customer care, eco-friendliness, and economic transparency. This enables you to buy power in simply a few minutes, right from your computer system.
Another favorable ecological impact is the effect of greater power rates on customer choices, similar to the United States market trend toward much more fuel-efficient autos. Texas energies are also installing sophisticated electricity meters that may one day allow variable pricing based on the time of day.
Most Texas power suppliers supply strategies that include a portion of power sourced from sustainable resources, such as hydro power, wind power and also solar power. In addition to green energy strategies, numerous Texas providers provide customers the option to buy sustainable power certifications, or RECs, that further balance out clients' carbon exhausts.
Texas generates the most wind electrical energy in the UNITED STATE, yet likewise has the highest possible Carbon Dioxide Emissions of any kind of state. As of 2012, Texas domestic power rates ranked 31st in the United States as well as typical monthly domestic electrical expenses in Texas were the Fifth highest in the nation.
In environmental effect, results are blended. With the capability to spend revenues to please further energy need, producers like TXU are proposing eleven new coal-fired nuclear power plant. Coal power plants are less expensive than all-natural gas-fired power plants, however generate more pollution.
In this free enterprise competing power merchants purchase electrical energy wholesale from private power generators to offer at retail to about 80% of Texas homeowners. The collaboration between generators and also retailers is controlled by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which attempts to stabilize the power grid's electricity supply and need by purchasing percentages of electrical power at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.
One desired effect of the competitors is reduced electrical power rates. In the initial few years after the deregulation in 2002, the household rate for electrical power increased 7 times, with the rate to beat at about 15 cents per kilowatt hr in 2006. However, while costs to customers increased 43% from 2002 to 2004, the prices of inputs increased much faster, by 63%, revealing that not all rises have been borne by consumers.
Cheap Electricity Only Deals Texas
Gone are the days when you had to speak to electric firms to discover their rates, and also bargain a much better bargain on your very own. Today, the company does the job for you, handling the whole process of finding the very best Texas power rates and also strategies from carriers that have a pedigree of organization security, customer care, eco-friendliness, and economic openness. This permits you to look for electrical power in just a few minutes, right from your computer.
Considering that the Texas electricity market open up to competition in 2002, several Texas citizens have actually had the opportunity to select their own electrical energy supplier. As opposed to counting on their local utility to give them with electricity, most Texans can select from a variety of affordable providers, allowing them to search for the ideal electrical energy prepare for their houses as well as lifestyles.
We support for customers and also evaluate carriers in the Texas electrical power market for features and features that regular energy customers might miss, such as high down payments, variable rates, incentives, "totally free" strategies, as well as minimum use plans. Our mission is to assist customers discover the most effective electrical energy suppliers to fit their specific requirements, in addition to inform consumers concerning prospective marketplace mistakes.