Green power strategies are supported 100% by Renewable Resource Certificates (RECs) that are bought as well as retired in an amount enough to match your annual usage. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible power asset in the USA that stands for evidence that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity was produced from an eligible renewable resource resource like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Regards to Service for additional information.
The cost to beat seemed to accomplish its goal of bring in rivals to the marketplace throughout the period via January 1, 2007. It permitted competitors to go into the market without allowing the incumbents to undercut them in price. It has also given energy customers the capacity to contrast energy rates used by various service providers. The less-regulated carriers undercut the price to defeat by only a little margin offered that they must balance lower prices (to bring in consumers and also develop market share) with higher prices (needed to reinvest in new power plants). Because of the tiny difference in competing rates as well as sluggish (annual approximately) "purchasing" procedure, price decrease because of competition was extremely slow, and also it took a few years to balance out the original rise by "typical" electric providers and also relocate to reduced rates.
Compare Power And Gas Texas
We have good news if you think you have to pay the prices your present power service provider fees. The state of Texas permits you to choose which electrical power supplier you make use of. This implies you can select a supplier that has the cheapest Texas electrical prices in your area as well as the very best prepare for your requirements, whether you need a better deal for your house, your business, or both. Countless consumers and also businesses that have actually utilized our electricity rate comparison procedure concur that, when buying business electrical power or residential electrical energy rates and also plans, our website is the one-stop resource for the best choices from leading electric companies.
According to a 2014 report by the Texas Coalition for Affordable Power (TCAP), "deregulation cost Expense about $22 billion from 2002 to 2012.
There are several various alternatives for term lengths in the Texas energy market. Various term sizes often have different rate points, so if you're extra flexible with the length of your agreement, you could obtain a cheaper rate. Agreements with much shorter term lengths are fantastic if you favor to stay clear of a long-term commitment while longer agreements generally give the benefit of longer-term cost stability.
It has additionally given power customers the ability to compare energy rates offered by different carriers. Due to the little distinction in competing prices and also slow (annual or so) "buying" procedure, price reduction due to competition was extremely slow-moving, as well as it took a couple of years to balance out the original boost by "traditional" electric service providers and also move to lower prices.

Given that 2002, around 85% of commercial as well as industrial customers have actually switched power providers at the very least as soon as. Roughly 40% of domestic consumers in deregulated locations have actually switched from the previous incumbent supplier to an affordable REP.
In deregulation of power markets, one instant worry with rates is that incumbent electrical energy providers would certainly undercut the rates of new participants, preventing competition and also continuing the existing monopoly of carriers. Thus, the SB7 expense presented a phase-in period during which a cost flooring would certainly be established (for incumbent electricity firms) to prevent this aggressive technique, permitting new market participants to come to be developed. As of 2007 Texas financier possessed utility affiliates no much longer have cost to beat tariffs.

In deregulation of electrical power markets, one instant problem with prices is that incumbent power suppliers would damage the rates of new participants, preventing competition as well as bolstering the existing monopoly of carriers. Therefore, the SB7 bill introduced a phase-in duration throughout which a price flooring would certainly be established (for incumbent electrical energy companies) to stop this predacious practice, permitting brand-new market entrants to end up being developed. As of 2007 Texas capitalist owned utility associates no longer have price to beat tolls.
Fixed-rate supply plans supply price-protected supply prices for the size of a term arrangement. The cost per kilowatt hour (kWh) will stay the exact same throughout your term, even if the marketplace rate changes. A fixed-rate supply strategy can range from 3 months to five years, so it is very important to locate the term size that functions finest for your situation.

We have excellent information if you assume you have to pay the prices your existing electrical energy supplier charges. The state of Texas permits you to pick which power carrier you use. This means you can choose a service provider that has the cheapest Texas electric rates in your location and the very best strategy for your requirements, whether you need a much better deal for your residence, your service, or both. Hundreds of customers and companies that have actually utilized our electricity price comparison process concur that, when looking for industrial electrical power or property power rates as well as plans, our web site is the one-stop resource for the very best choices from top electrical service providers.
The power to select supply prices from retail power firms in Texas includes organizations, not just citizens. Local business owner that appreciate the bottom line must most definitely take into consideration going shopping about. To buy Texas electrical prices for an organization, call us with your energy usage details or complete our simple informational kind so an energy representative can call you with a totally free personalized quote.
Texas Electricity Rate
Providers recognize that they are competing to win your service when you use our rate contrast procedure. As a result, they use affordable electrical rates in hopes of becoming your new Texas electrical energy business. This advantages both you and the service provider you select. You receive a cheap electric rate as well as the strategy of your choice, and also the service provider adds an additional satisfied customer.
The majority of Texas electricity distributors supply strategies that consist of a percent of power sourced from sustainable resources, such as hydro power, wind power and solar power. In addition to green power plans, several Texas suppliers give consumers the choice to purchase eco-friendly power certifications, or RECs, that more balance out clients' carbon emissions.
Variable-rate strategy: A variable-rate plan indicates the rate you pay for your electrical energy may change based on the market rate of energy. Variable-rate plans are adaptable due to the fact that you are not secured into an agreement; however, you'll pay a greater cost in high-demand seasons like summertime.
Utility business are accountable for transmission and delivery of electrical power even in power deregulated components of Texas and must be called in the event of a power blackout. Your retail energy distributor may offer you competitive electrical rates or phenomenal customer support, but they can not fix high-voltage line or restore your service. In the case of an emergency, call:

We advocate for consumers and assess suppliers in the Texas electrical power market for attributes as well as attributes that common power customers might miss, such as high down payments, variable rates, incentives, "cost-free" plans, as well as minimum use strategies. Our mission is to assist customers discover the very best electrical power providers to fit their individual needs, in addition to enlighten customers concerning potential industry pitfalls.


Texas electrical power rates are on their means down once again. After a summertime spike, electricity rates across Texas have fallen.
Energy business are in charge of transmission as well as delivery of electrical energy also in power decontrolled components of Texas as well as should be contacted in case of a power failure. Your retail energy supplier may offer you affordable electric prices or exceptional client service, however they can not repair high-voltage line or recover your solution. When it comes to an emergency situation, call:
In finding you the best Texas electrical rates, we only provide electrical firms that have great service security, excellent service, environmental understanding, as well as transparent prices. This shields you from providers that could quickly go out of company, are unattentive to clients, are ecologically unhealthy, or may end up charging you a higher rate than advertised.

Many Texas electrical power providers offer plans that include a percent of power sourced from eco-friendly sources, such as hydro power, wind power and also solar power. In addition to eco-friendly energy strategies, many Texas distributors give consumers the alternative to acquire renewable energy certificates, or RECs, that more offset customers' carbon exhausts.
Therefore, 85% of Texas power consumers (those offered by a company not had by a town or an energy cooperative) can choose their electricity solution from a selection of retail electric carriers (REPs), including the incumbent energy. The incumbent energy in the area still possesses as well as maintains the neighborhood high-voltage line (as well as is the company to hire the event of a power interruption) and is exempt to deregulation. Customers offered by cooperatives or metropolitan utilities can pick an alternative ASSOCIATE only if the energy has "chosen in" to deregulation.
After Senate Bill 7 entered into impact in January 2002, nearly 6 million power customers became qualified to pick their energy provider. That number has expanded with the years. By deregulating the state's power market, the Texas Us senate gave constituents the power to pick. The process of power deregulation in Texas dismantled the utilities' monopoly over the electric market and motivated customers to explore their energy alternatives.
With the power to select a supply strategy, shopping affordable Texas electric rates could potentially save you cash on your regular monthly electrical power expenses. Websites can assist you compare retail power business in Texas, finding the supply plan that is best for you. Most importantly, there isn't any danger when you go shopping Texas electrical energy. Easy enter your ZIP code to start finding electrical supply prices in your location.
In ecological influence, results are blended. With the capacity to spend revenues to please more power demand, producers like TXU are recommending eleven brand-new coal-fired power plants. Coal nuclear power plant are cheaper than natural gas-fired power plants, yet create even more pollution.
We thoroughly evaluate Texas electrical energy companies in your location. With our help, you no much longer need to track down various power plans, companies, and also prices, since we give all the details you require to pick the finest supplier.
Cheapest Gas And Electricity Prices Texas
Another favorable environmental impact is the result of greater energy costs on customer selections, comparable to the US market pattern toward more fuel-efficient cars. As electrical costs have climbed, homeowners are minimizing their electric usage by utilizing more modest thermostat setups, mounting insulation, installing solar displays, as well as other such tasks. Texas energies are likewise mounting innovative power meters that may one day make it possible for variable pricing based on the time of day. This would permit energy consumers to save loan by more tailoring their intake based upon whether it happened during the peak need duration (high cost/high contamination) or the off-peak (night time).
In locating you the ideal Texas electrical prices, we only note electric companies that have excellent business security, excellent service, environmental understanding, as well as transparent prices. This shields you from providers that could soon fail, are unattentive to clients, are ecologically unbalanced, or may end up charging you a greater price than marketed.
The majority of Texas electrical power distributors provide plans that consist of a percentage of energy sourced from renewable energies, such as hydro power, wind power and also solar energy. Some are completely sourced this way. These plans are a wonderful means for Texas energy consumers to assist the atmosphere without breaking the bank. In enhancement to eco-friendly energy strategies, lots of Texas providers offer clients the option to purchase eco-friendly energy certifications, or RECs, that more balance out clients' carbon discharges. The acquisition of RECs also assists fund research and also use of sustainable power resources, so that Texas can stay at the center of green power technology.
In environmental effect, outcomes are blended. With the ability to spend revenues to please more energy demand, producers like TXU are recommending eleven new coal-fired nuclear power plant. Coal nuclear power plant are less costly than natural gas-fired nuclear power plant, however produce more air pollution.
Fixed-rate supply strategies use price-protected supply rates for the size of a term agreement. The rate per kilowatt hour (kWh) will stay the exact same throughout your term, also if the marketplace rate rises and fall. A fixed-rate supply strategy can range from 3 months to five years, so it is essential to locate the term size that works finest for your circumstance.
Considering that the Texas electrical power market available to competition in 2002, numerous Texas citizens have had the chance to choose their very own electrical energy service provider. As opposed to depending on their neighborhood utility to supply them with electrical power, most Texans can choose from a variety of affordable carriers, allowing them to search for the excellent electricity prepare for their houses as well as lifestyles.

One preferred impact of the competition is lower electricity rates. In the very first couple of years after the deregulation in 2002, the household price for power boosted seven times, with the price to defeat at around 15 cents per kilowatt hr in 2006. While prices to customers increased 43% from 2002 to 2004, the costs of inputs increased faster, by 63%, showing that not all rises have been borne by consumers.
Texas presently generates as well as consumes much more electricity than any type of other state in the country. This energy intake results from its size, but the ample land makes it a significant manufacturer of wind power-- a sustainable, or environment-friendly, energy resource. The eco pleasant energy developed by wind power is offered to many Texas citizens to supply the electrical power in their house or company.
Power to Choose is a program run by the Public Energy Compensation of Texas. Its objective is to shield homeowners of the state from unjust power expenses and uncontrolled Representatives, along with develop a solid framework. The program offers a very easy to utilize, on the internet tool that offer citizens of the state the opportunity to compare rates, strategies and other power options. Bear in mind however, you really need to read the fine print if you make a decision to utilize Power to Choose (or any kind of various other solution, for that matter).

Not just does it reveal consumers the actual rates at different use degrees however it reflects both the price jumps in a strategy at particular usage. It also reveals whether the price is reduced or high compared to basic electrical power market pricing. By doing all the estimations for the consumer, the business can show customers what their best power choices are when they look for Texas electrical energy whatever TDU location they are in. Consumers can see just how much they can actually expect to pay monthly for their use.

The state of Texas enables you to choose which electricity carrier you make use of. Thousands of customers and businesses that have utilized our electrical power rate contrast process concur that, when shopping for business electrical power or household power rates and also plans, our website is the one-stop source for the ideal choices from leading electric carriers.
Cheapest Electricity Provider Texas
When you're looking for great Texas electrical energy service providers, you intend to be smart concerning it. Your options go past Texas electrical power prices. We not just offers good deals, however you can sign up for benefits programs, refer your good friends, track your use by home appliance, and more. Need more persuading? The business repays to the neighborhood as well as has terrific customer care by phone, Facebook, as well as Twitter. It was founded in Texas and also offers Texans ... as well as it's simply the trendy Texas brand name.

If you assume you need to pay the rates your existing electricity carrier charges, we have excellent news. The state of Texas enables you to pick which power supplier you utilize. This implies you can select a company that has the most affordable Texas electric rates in your location as well as the best strategy for your needs, whether you require a much better deal for your house, your business, or both. Countless customers and also businesses that have actually utilized our electrical power rate contrast process concur that, when searching for business electrical power or domestic power rates as well as plans, our internet site is the one-stop source for the best choices from leading electric service providers.
The General Public Utility Payment (PUC) has a web site to assist you contrast and also discover all the power strategies and companies in your area. You can filter your options based upon your use, your chosen strategy kind, and a number of various other elements. You can sign up directly from their internet site when you have actually chosen the retail electricity supplier that ideal suits your needs.
We promote for customers and also evaluate service providers in the Texas power market for features and also qualities that typical energy consumers might miss, such as high down payments, variable prices, rewards, "complimentary" strategies, as well as minimum use plans. Our goal is to aid consumers discover the best power service providers to fit their individual demands, in addition to enlighten consumers concerning potential industry pitfalls.
In this free enterprise completing power merchants get electrical energy wholesale from private power generators to cost retail to around 80% of Texas locals. The partnership in between generators and sellers is governed by the Electric Integrity Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to stabilize the power grid's electrical energy supply and also demand by buying small amounts of electrical power at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.
In order to prompt access right into the marketplace, the rate to defeat would certainly have to be high sufficient to allow for a moderate revenue by new participants. Thus, it needed to be above the cost of inputs such as gas and also coal. As an example, a price to defeat taken care of at the actual wholesale purchase price of electrical power does not offer potential participants a margin to contend versus incumbent utilities. Second, the cost to beat would certainly need to be reasonably low, to enable as many consumers as possible to remain to eat power during the change period.
When you're shopping for fantastic Texas electricity carriers, you desire to be smart regarding it. Your options go beyond Texas electricity rates. It was founded in Texas and also serves Texans ... and it's simply the cool Texas brand name.
With the power to select a supply plan, purchasing affordable Texas electric prices can potentially conserve you loan on your regular monthly electricity bills. Web sites can assist you contrast retail power companies in Texas, locating the supply plan that is best for you. Most importantly, there isn't any type of threat when you go shopping Texas electrical energy. Simple enter your POSTAL CODE to begin finding electrical supply prices in your location.

In order to trigger access right into the market, the rate to defeat would have to be high sufficient to permit a small earnings by new participants. Therefore, it had to be over the expense of inputs such as gas and coal. A rate to defeat repaired at the actual wholesale procurement cost of electrical power does not provide prospective entrants a margin to complete versus incumbent energies. Second, the price to beat would certainly need to be reasonably low, to make it possible for as lots of clients as possible to proceed to consume power during the transition duration.
Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll lock in an electrical power rate for the term of your agreement. If the rate security of a fixed-rate strategy appears like the best alternative for you, secure in your power price, which provides cost-free electrical energy.
In environmental effect, results are mixed. With the capacity to invest profits to please further power demand, manufacturers like TXU are proposing eleven new coal-fired nuclear power plant. Coal nuclear power plant are less expensive than all-natural gas-fired nuclear power plant, but create even more contamination.
When you're shopping for great Texas electricity companies, you wish to be clever concerning it. Your options surpass Texas power prices. We not only provides wonderful offers, however you can register for incentives programs, refer your friends, track your usage by appliance, and extra. Required extra convincing? The business repays to the area and has excellent client service by phone, Facebook, as well as Twitter. It was started in Texas and offers Texans ... and it's just the awesome Texas brand.
With the power to select a supply plan, purchasing competitive Texas electric prices could potentially conserve you loan on your monthly power expenses. Best of all, there isn't any kind of threat when you go shopping Texas power.
With the power to choose a supply plan, shopping competitive Texas electrical prices can potentially save you cash on your month-to-month electrical energy bills. Web sites can assist you contrast retail energy companies in Texas, discovering the supply strategy that is appropriate for you. Best of all, there isn't any kind of threat when you shop Texas power. Basic enter your POSTAL CODE to begin locating electrical supply rates in your location.
Texas Free Electricity
As an example, buyers for Texas electrical power plans in the TX, could find 12-month plans for 6.9 cents/kWh in February; by June, electrical energy prices had actually boosted 29 percent to 9.5 cents/kWh. Since very early September, 12-month plans were up again, to 10.2 cents/kWh-- a 7.5 percent walk from June and also a 49 percent increase just since February.

Texas has electrical energy intake of $24 billion a year, the highest amongst the U.S. states. Its annual consumption approaches that of Fantastic Britain as well as Spain, as well as if the state were an independent country, its electricity market would certainly be the 11th largest in the world. Texas creates the a lot of wind electrical energy in the UNITED STATE, but likewise has the greatest Carbon Dioxide Emissions of any state. Since 2012, Texas household electrical energy rates ranked 31st in the United States and also average regular monthly domestic electrical costs in Texas were the 5th highest in the nation.


Many Texas electrical energy providers offer strategies that include a percentage of power sourced from renewable energies, such as hydro power, wind power and solar power. Some are completely sourced this way. These plans are a fantastic method for Texas power consumers to assist the environment without breaking the financial institution. In enhancement to green power plans, lots of Texas vendors offer consumers the option to acquire renewable energy certifications, or RECs, that more balance out consumers' carbon discharges. The acquisition of RECs additionally assists fund research and also use of renewable resource resources, so that Texas can remain at the leading edge of environment-friendly power technology.


Fixed-rate supply strategies supply price-protected supply rates for the length of a term contract. The price per kilowatt hr (kWh) will stay the same throughout your term, also if the market rate varies. A fixed-rate supply plan can range from 3 months to 5 years, so it is essential to locate the term length that functions ideal for your scenario.

The Texas Senate Costs 7, passed in 2002, provided 5.6 million Texans the power to pick a retail electrical service provider (ASSOCIATE) to provide electricity to their home or organization. This costs helped with a competitive power industry that 80 percent of Texans can capitalize on today. Power choice is offered to residents in Houston, Dallas/Fort Well worth along with various other cities in Texas.

The firm is the destination web site for Texas locals and service proprietors to share their point of views and have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Energy Market. We provide daily upgraded info concerning electrical energy rates in Houston, Dallas, Ft Worth, Arlington, as well as thousands of other cities in Texas. The business aids individuals make informed acquiring choices via its customer examines system as well as is a reliable resource for useful customer insight, suggestions, thorough power company solution examinations, as well as customized recommendations. Since 2009, we have actually aided over 2.1 million buyers find the most effective energy providers as well as rates.
Over the previous summer, the Public Utilities Payment of Texas has been frustrated by Retail Power Providers using rates tricks that dupe Texas consumers right into high monthly costs at its Power to Choose website. The PUC of Texas' finest service was to fine-tune some type setups, restrict the variety of REPRESENTATIVE strategies, as well as use a "collection of user-friendly PDFs and also video clips planned to guide as well as notify the consumer." The chairman has even recently said that if the PUCT can't figure out a solution, then the payment might just shut down the Power to Pick internet site.
By deregulating the state's energy market, the Texas Us senate offered constituents the power to select. The process of power deregulation in Texas took apart the utilities' monopoly over the electrical market and also motivated clients to discover their power options.

One wanted impact of the competitors is lower electrical power prices. In the first couple of years after the deregulation in 2002, the residential price for electrical energy boosted seven times, with the cost to defeat at about 15 cents per kilowatt hr in 2006. However, while rates to consumers enhanced 43% from 2002 to 2004, the expenses of inputs climbed much faster, by 63%, showing that not all boosts have actually been birthed by customers.


Gone are the days when you needed to call electrical companies to discover their prices, and bargain a much better offer by yourself. Today, the company does the help you, dealing with the entire procedure of discovering the very best Texas power prices as well as strategies from providers that have a pedigree of organization security, customer service, eco-friendliness, and monetary openness. This enables you to go shopping for power in just a couple of minutes, right from your computer.
In the initial decade of retail electrical deregulation in Texas, the market experienced dramatic changes in both metrics. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electric suppliers using 258 various cost strategies to domestic clients in that market. Similar boosts in the number of retail electrical companies and available strategies have been understood in other deregulated electricity market locations with the state.
Since the Texas electricity market opened to competitors in 2002, several Texas residents have had the possibility to pick their very own power provider. Rather of counting on their neighborhood energy to offer them with electrical power, most Texans can pick from a variety of affordable companies, allowing them to search for the best electrical power prepare for their residences and lifestyles.
Fixed-rate plans: Fixed-rate strategies offer clients a lot more security for their regular monthly power expenses due to the fact that the price a customer indicators up with is the rate he or she pays for the size of the plan's contract. Because a fixed-rate strategy occasionally covers two-three years, these plans usually need a client credit history check and can include very early cancellation charges.
In this free market contending electrical energy retailers buy electricity wholesale from personal power generators to cost retail to about 80% of Texas residents. The collaboration between generators and also stores is controlled by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to balance the power grid's power supply as well as need by purchasing tiny quantities of electricity at 15-minute periods throughout the day.
The power to choose supply prices from retail energy companies in Texas reaches services, not simply locals. Entrepreneur who respect the bottom line should absolutely take into consideration looking around. To shop for Texas electric rates for a business, call us with your energy usage information or submit our easy informative form so an energy rep can call you with a complimentary custom-made quote.
Eco-friendly energy strategies are sustained 100% by Renewable Resource Certificates (RECs) that are bought and also retired in a quantity sufficient to match your annual intake. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible energy product in the USA that represents evidence that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electrical power was produced from an eligible renewable resource source like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Regards to Solution for additional information.
Thousands of consumers as well as businesses that have actually utilized our power rate comparison process concur that, when shopping for business electricity or domestic electrical power prices as well as plans, our internet site is the one-stop resource for the best options from leading electric carriers.
For example, customers for Texas electricity strategies in the TX, could find 12-month prepare for 6.9 cents/kWh in February; by June, electrical energy rates had raised 29 percent to 9.5 cents/kWh. Since early September, 12-month strategies were up again, to 10.2 cents/kWh-- a 7.5 percent walk from June as well as a 49 percent increase simply given that February.
In deregulation of electricity markets, one prompt worry with prices is that incumbent electrical power companies would undercut the rates of new participants, avoiding competitors and also continuing the existing monopoly of providers. Hence, the SB7 expense introduced a phase-in duration during which a price flooring would certainly be established (for incumbent power companies) to stop this predacious practice, enabling brand-new market entrants to become developed. As of 2007 Texas capitalist had energy affiliates no much longer have price to beat tolls.

Many Texas electrical power vendors provide strategies that consist of a percent of energy sourced from eco-friendly resources, such as hydro power, wind power and solar power. In enhancement to eco-friendly power plans, lots of Texas distributors provide clients the choice to purchase sustainable energy certificates, or RECs, that additional balance out customers' carbon exhausts.
Contrasted to the remainder of the nation, information from the UNITED STATE Energy Info Management which publishes annual state electric costs reveals that Texas' electric costs did increase over the national typical immediately after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, but, from 2010 to 2015 have actually relocated dramatically below the nationwide typical rate per kWh, with an overall expense of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 across the country, or 17 percent lower in Texas. Between 2002-2014 the overall expense to Texas consumers is approximated to be $24B, a standard of $5,100 per home, greater than comparable markets under state guideline.

The company is the destination website for Texas residents and also organization proprietors to share their opinions and have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Energy Market. We use daily upgraded details concerning electrical energy prices in Houston, Dallas, Fort Well Worth, Arlington, and hundreds of other cities in Texas.

In Texas, the average household makes use of approximately 77 million Btu of power annually, which is about 14% much less than the nationwide standard. Damaging these statistics down also further programs us that electricity use in the ordinary Texan home is 26% greater than the remainder of the USA, nonetheless this isn't much higher than numerous various other states that are closest to Texas. When it pertains to cost, the typical complete house bill annually is $1,9217. This quantity places amongst the greatest across America, but various other states that commonly see rising temperature levels in the summertime season aren't far behind.
You can generally discover this details by looking at your electrical power expense or by calling your power provider. According to the Public Energy Payment of Texas, clients can change service providers without paying a very early termination fee if they set up the switch no earlier than 14 days before their existing plan expires.
For instance, buyers for Texas power strategies in the TX, can discover 12-month strategies for 6.9 cents/kWh in February; by June, power prices had raised 29 percent to 9.5 cents/kWh. Since early September, 12-month plans were up again, to 10.2 cents/kWh-- a 7.5 percent walking from June as well as a 49 percent increase simply since February.
Eco-friendly energy strategies are supported 100% by Renewable Energy Certificates (RECs) that are bought and also retired in a quantity enough to match your yearly usage. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible energy commodity in the USA that represents proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electrical power was produced from a qualified eco-friendly energy resource like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Terms of Solution for additional information.
Thousands of consumers and also services that have used our electrical power rate contrast procedure concur that, when shopping for business power or property electricity prices as well as strategies, our internet site is the one-stop source for the finest options from leading electrical carriers. 

In deregulation of electrical power markets, one instant worry with pricing is that incumbent electrical power providers would undercut the prices of brand-new participants, stopping competition and also perpetuating the existing syndicate of suppliers. Therefore, the SB7 costs presented a phase-in period during which a rate flooring would certainly be developed (for incumbent electrical energy firms) to avoid this predatory practice, enabling brand-new market entrants to become established. As of 2007 Texas capitalist had energy associates no longer have rate to defeat tolls.
Variable-rate strategy: A variable-rate strategy means the rate you pay for your electrical power might fluctuate based on the market price of power. Variable-rate strategies are flexible due to the fact that you are not secured into a contract; however, you'll pay a greater cost in high-demand periods like summertime.
The power to choose supply rates from retail power companies in Texas encompasses companies, not just citizens. Company owner who care about the lower line must definitely consider searching. To shop for Texas electric rates for a business, call us with your power use information or submit our straightforward informational type so a power representative can call you with a free custom quote.
When you're going shopping for fantastic Texas power suppliers, you desire to be clever concerning it. Your choices go past Texas electrical power rates. We not just offers large amounts, however you can enroll in incentives programs, refer your friends, track your usage by home appliance, and also extra. Need a lot more convincing? The business gives back to the area and also has terrific consumer solution by phone, Facebook, and Twitter. It was founded in Texas and also serves Texans ... as well as it's just the great Texas brand.
It has additionally given power customers the ability to compare energy rates offered by different carriers. Due to the little distinction in competing prices and also slow (annual or so) "buying" procedure, price reduction due to competition was extremely slow-moving, as well as it took a couple of years to balance out the original boost by "traditional" electric service providers and also move to lower prices.
In the initial years of retail electrical deregulation in Texas, the market experienced dramatic changes in both metrics. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electrical service providers providing 258 various rate strategies to property customers in that market. Similar rises in the number of retail offered strategies and electric companies have actually been recognized in other decontrolled electrical energy market locations with the state.
Thousands of consumers and also organizations that have used our power rate comparison procedure agree that, when buying for industrial power or household electrical power rates and plans, our web site is the one-stop resource for the best options from top electrical providers.
Over the past summertime, the general public Utilities Compensation of Texas has actually been baffled by Retail Power Providers making use of pricing tricks that dupe Texas customers into high monthly costs at its Power to Select web site. The PUC of Texas' best option was to fine-tune some kind settings, limit the variety of ASSOCIATE plans, and also offer a "collection of easy to use PDFs and videos planned to inform the consumer as well as lead." The chairman has even recently stated that if the PUCT can not identify a service, then the commission may just shut down the Power to Select web site.
Texas Compare Utilities
We have excellent news if you think you have to pay the prices your current electrical power service provider costs. The state of Texas permits you to choose which power service provider you use. This means you can select a supplier that has the most affordable Texas electric rates in your location and also the finest strategy for your needs, whether you require a much better bargain for your home, your organization, or both. Hundreds of consumers as well as organizations that have utilized our electrical energy price comparison procedure agree that, when searching for business electricity or household electricity prices and also strategies, our web site is the one-stop source for the finest alternatives from leading electrical suppliers.
Contrasted to the remainder of the nation, information from the U.S. Power Info Administration which publishes annual state electrical prices shows that Texas' electrical rates did increase above the nationwide ordinary instantly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, yet, from 2010 to 2015 have actually relocated significantly listed below the national ordinary cost per kWh, with a complete cost of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 across the country, or 17 percent lower in Texas. In between 2002-2014 the complete price to Texas consumers is approximated to be $24B, approximately $5,100 per household, more than equivalent markets under state guideline.
A cost to beat fixed at the actual wholesale procurement price of electrical energy does not provide prospective entrants a margin to contend against incumbent utilities. Second, the rate to defeat would have to be moderately low, to enable as several clients as possible to continue to consume power during the transition period.

Over the previous summer season, the Public Utilities Payment of Texas has been baffled by Retail Power Providers using prices gimmicks that rip off Texas customers right into high regular monthly bills at its Power to Select site. The PUC of Texas' finest service was to modify some kind setups, limit the variety of REP strategies, and also use a "series of straightforward PDFs as well as video clips planned to educate the consumer as well as assist." The chairman has even just recently stated that if the PUCT can not figure out a solution, then the compensation may simply close down the Power to Pick site.
Texas Compare Gas And Electric Companies

In Texas, the ordinary house makes use of a standard of 77 million Btu of electricity per year, which is around 14% much less than the national standard. Damaging these stats down also further programs us that electrical power use in the typical Texan house is 26% greater than the remainder of the United States, nonetheless this isn't much more than several various other states that are closest to Texas. When it comes to cost, the typical overall house bill annually is $1,9217. This amount places among the highest across America, however other states that usually see skyrocketing temperatures in the summer period aren't much behind.


Given that the electricity market opened, increasingly more electrical energy companies have entered the market with different strategies and items. Business provide a multitude of electricity plans and benefits so customers can locate the electricity strategy that finest fits their requirements. While it's wonderful to have so many options, it can be hard and also complex to choose an electrical power plan. With options like fixed-rate, variable-rate, and prepaid strategies, in addition to differing cost options, term lengths and rewards, purchasing an electrical energy plan can be a frustrating job.


In the very first decade of retail electrical deregulation in Texas, the market experienced significant modifications in both metrics. By the end of 2012, there were 45 retail electrical carriers supplying 258 different rate strategies to domestic clients in that market. Comparable boosts in the number of retail electrical companies and also offered strategies have been realized in other decontrolled electricity market locations with the state.
Electricity Bill Comparison Texas
In this cost-free market competing electrical power retailers acquire electrical energy wholesale from private power generators to sell at retail to about 80% of Texas homeowners. The collaboration between generators and stores is regulated by the Electric Reliability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to balance the power grid's electrical energy supply as well as need by acquiring percentages of electrical energy at 15-minute periods throughout the day.
When you're shopping for fantastic Texas power providers, you desire to be clever regarding it. Your options go past Texas electricity rates. It was started in Texas as well as serves Texans ... and it's simply the amazing Texas brand.
Over the previous summer, the general public Utilities Commission of Texas has been baffled by Retail Energy Providers making use of prices tricks that dupe Texas customers right into high month-to-month costs at its Power to Select internet site. The PUC of Texas' best remedy was to fine-tune some type setups, limit the number of REPRESENTATIVE plans, and also use a "collection of easy to use PDFs and videos meant to assist as well as inform the consumer." The chairman has also recently stated that if the PUCT can not determine a service, then the commission may simply shut down the Power to Choose website.
It has actually also given power customers the capacity to contrast power prices offered by various carriers. Due to the little distinction in competing prices and also slow (annual or so) "acquiring" procedure, price decline due to competitors was extremely slow, and it took a couple of years to counter the original rise by "conventional" electric carriers as well as relocate to reduced prices.
Because 2002, around 85% of commercial and also industrial customers have switched power carriers a minimum of once. Approximately 40% of domestic customers in deregulated locations have actually switched over from the previous incumbent provider to an affordable REP.

It has also provided energy customers the ability to compare power rates offered by different carriers. Due to the tiny difference in competing costs and slow (yearly or so) "buying" process, cost decline due to competitors was really slow, and also it took a couple of years to counter the initial rise by "traditional" electrical companies and also relocate to reduced rates.
Variable-rate supply strategies, as the name suggests, have a rate that varies based upon the market cost of electrical power. Seasonal and market changes can influence supply prices. While variable-rate supply plans can permit you to make the most of market-price lows, there is the possibility of paying for high supply rates when need goes to its height. These strategies supply great flexibility.
Texas Compare Gas & Electricity Providers
The Texas Us Senate Costs 7, come on 2002, provided 5.6 million Texans the power to pick a retail electrical company (REPRESENTATIVE) to provide electrical power to their residence or company. This expense helped with a competitive power market that 80 percent of Texans can exploit on today. Power option is readily available to homeowners in Houston, Dallas/Fort Well worth in addition to various other cities in Texas.
Because of the boosted use of gas promptly after deregulation, new-era energy devices such as wind power as well as smart-grid modern technology were substantially aided. Texas' initial "renewable portfolio requirement"-- or demand that the state's energies get a particular amount of their power from sustainable energy like wind-- was signed into legislation in 1999, as part of the exact same regulation that deregulated the electrical market.
Thousands of customers and services that have utilized our power rate comparison procedure agree that, when purchasing for business electrical power or household electrical energy rates and strategies, our site is the one-stop resource for the ideal choices from top electrical carriers. 

Energy firms are accountable for transmission and also distribution of electrical energy also in power deregulated parts of Texas and also should be spoken to in the occasion of a power outage. Your retail power supplier might provide you affordable electric rates or remarkable customer support, yet they can not fix power lines or recover your service. When it comes to an emergency situation, contact:
Numerous retail electrical energy suppliers in Texas intend to be your selection for electrical energy. We are committed to assisting you conveniently assess the various power plans readily available to Texas businesses and also residences. We are an independent resource of information to assist you compare the very best Texas power prices efficiently and also successfully.
Power to Choose is a program run by the Public Energy Commission of Texas. The program supplies an easy to utilize, on-line device that provide residents of the state the opportunity to contrast prices, plans as well as other energy choices.

The firm is the location internet site for Texas citizens and also service owners to share their opinions and also have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Power Market. We use daily updated info regarding electricity rates in Houston, Dallas, Fort Well Worth, Arlington, and also hundreds of various other cities in Texas.
Since 2002, about 85% of commercial and also industrial consumers have changed power suppliers at the very least as soon as. Approximately 40% of household consumers in deregulated areas have switched over from the former incumbent supplier to a competitive REP.

The General Public Utility Payment (PUC) has an internet site to help you find and contrast all the electricity strategies and also suppliers in your area. You can filter your choices based on your usage, your favored plan kind, as well as a number of various other elements. As soon as you have actually selected the retail electricity supplier that ideal suits your needs, you can subscribe straight from their internet site.
One preferred effect of the competition is lower electrical power rates. In the very first couple of years after the deregulation in 2002, the residential rate for electrical power raised seven times, with the rate to defeat at about 15 cents per kilowatt hour in 2006. While rates to clients boosted 43% from 2002 to 2004, the costs of inputs rose faster, by 63%, revealing that not all increases have been borne by customers.

Multiple retail electrical power suppliers in Texas desire to be your selection for power. Given that the electricity market opened up, extra and also extra electrical energy providers have gone into the market with different strategies and products. Companies provide a multitude of electricity plans as well as advantages so customers can discover the power plan that best fits their demands. If the cost security of a fixed-rate strategy appears like the finest alternative for you, secure in your electrical power price, which supplies free electrical power.
For instance, shoppers for Texas electrical energy plans in the TX, could locate 12-month prepare for 6.9 cents/kWh in February; by June, power rates had boosted 29 percent to 9.5 cents/kWh. As of early September, 12-month plans were up once again, to 10.2 cents/kWh-- a 7.5 percent walking from June and a 49 percent increase simply since February.
In discovering you the very best Texas electric rates, we only provide electrical firms that have terrific company security, superb service, ecological recognition, as well as clear prices. This protects you from service providers that can quickly go out of organization, are unattentive to clients, are ecologically unsound, or might finish up charging you a higher rate than marketed.
You want to be wise regarding it when you're going shopping for excellent Texas power suppliers. Your selections surpass Texas electrical power rates. We not just supplies large amounts, but you can authorize up for incentives programs, refer your pals, track your usage by home appliance, as well as more. Need extra convincing? The business repays to the neighborhood and also has excellent customer care by phone, Facebook, and Twitter. It was established in Texas and also serves Texans ... as well as it's just the awesome Texas brand.
Since the electrical energy market opened, extra and also a lot more electrical power companies have actually gone into the market with numerous strategies as well as items. Companies provide a wide range of power strategies as well as benefits so clients can find the electrical energy strategy that best fits their demands.
The Texas Us Senate Bill 7, passed in 2002, provided 5.6 million Texans the power to choose a retail electric company (REP) to supply electrical power to their house or organization. This bill promoted an affordable energy market that 80 percent of Texans can profit from today. Energy selection is available to citizens in Houston, Dallas/Fort Well worth along with various other cities in Texas.
Prior to you change companies, you'll need to figure out whether you're under an agreement with your current company, as well as if so, how long you have left on your contract. You can usually find this details by taking a look at your electrical energy costs or by calling your energy company. If you pick to switch over prior to your contract is up, your current agreement might describe an early discontinuation cost. However, according to the general public Utility Commission of Texas, consumers can change service providers without paying a very early termination charge if they schedule the button no earlier than 14 days before their present strategy runs out. When you transform carriers, you'll have the ability to suggest the day you desire the button to occur.
Which Compare Energy Texas
For instance, buyers for Texas electricity plans in the TX, can discover 12-month strategies for 6.9 cents/kWh in February; by June, power rates had enhanced 29 percent to 9.5 cents/kWh. As of very early September, 12-month strategies were up once again, to 10.2 cents/kWh-- a 7.5 percent walk from June as well as a 49 percent rise just since February.

The Texas Us Senate Bill 7, come on 2002, offered 5.6 million Texans the power to choose a retail electric service provider (ASSOCIATE) to provide electricity to their home or company. This bill promoted a competitive power market that 80 percent of Texans can profit from today. Power option is readily available to locals in Houston, Dallas/Fort Well worth as well as various other cities in Texas.

Therefore, 85% of Texas power consumers (those served by a business not had by an energy or a municipality cooperative) can pick their power solution from a range of retail electrical suppliers (Associates), including the incumbent energy. The incumbent energy in the location still owns as well as maintains the local power lines (and is the firm to employ the event of a power blackout) and is not subject to deregulation. Consumers served by cooperatives or municipal energies can select an alternative REPRESENTATIVE just if the energy has actually "chosen in" to deregulation.


Variable-rate supply plans, as the name recommends, have a price that varies based upon the market price of power. Seasonal and also market fluctuations can affect supply rates. While variable-rate supply plans can allow you to make use of market-price lows, there is the opportunity of paying for high supply prices when demand is at its height. These plans use great adaptability.
Power to Pick is a program run by the Public Energy Commission of Texas. The program gives a very easy to use, on the internet tool that give homeowners of the state the possibility to compare prices, strategies and also other energy options.
It likewise shows whether the rate is low or high compared to basic electrical energy market prices. By doing all the estimations for the consumer, the business can show clients what their ideal energy options are when they shop for Texas electrical power no matter what TDU area they are in.
Because 2002, approximately 85% of commercial and also industrial customers have actually switched power companies at the very least when. Around 40% of property consumers in deregulated locations have changed from the previous incumbent carrier to an affordable REP.
We advocate for customers and also examine providers in the Texas electricity market for functions and also features that common power consumers may miss, such as high down payments, variable prices, rewards, "free" plans, and also minimum use strategies. Our objective is to assist consumers locate the most effective electricity companies to fit their individual demands, along with inform clients regarding potential industry risks.
Variable-rate supply strategies, as the name recommends, have a rate that varies based on the market price of electricity. While variable-rate supply strategies can allow you to take advantage of market-price lows, there is the possibility of paying for high supply prices when demand is at its top.
The cost to beat appeared to achieve its goal of bring in competitors to the marketplace during the period with January 1, 2007. It permitted rivals to get in the marketplace without enabling the incumbents to undercut them in cost. It has actually likewise provided power consumers the capacity to compare power rates provided by various suppliers. The less-regulated providers undercut the rate to defeat by only a small margin considered that they need to balance reduced costs (to bring in customers and develop market share) with greater rates (required to reinvest in new nuclear power plant). Due to the little distinction in competing rates and also slow-moving (yearly or two) "getting" procedure, rate reduction because of competition was really slow, as well as it took a couple of years to counter the initial boost by "traditional" electric carriers and also move to reduced prices.
Fixed-rate strategies: Fixed-rate strategies offer consumers more security for their regular monthly energy bills due to the fact that the price a consumer join is the rate she or he spends for the size of the strategy's agreement. Most variation comes with usage, though transmission as well as delivery charges and regional charges additionally can alter. These strategies commonly call for a consumer debt check as well as can consist of very early cancellation fees since a fixed-rate strategy occasionally covers two-three years. Fixed-rate strategies, due to the proceeding market volatility, most likely are the most effective option for many consumers.
Fixed-rate strategies: Fixed-rate strategies offer customers a lot more security for their month-to-month energy expenses due to the fact that the price a consumer register with is the rate she or he pays for the size of the strategy's contract. Most fluctuation includes use, though transmission and distribution costs and also local costs likewise can change. Because a fixed-rate plan sometimes covers two-three years, these plans commonly call for a consumer credit rating check as well as can consist of early cancellation costs. Fixed-rate strategies, because of the proceeding market volatility, most likely are the best selection for many consumers.
When you're going shopping for wonderful Texas electrical power providers, you desire to be smart regarding it. Your options go beyond Texas electrical energy prices. It was established in Texas as well as offers Texans ... and also it's simply the cool Texas brand name.
Texas currently produces and eats a lot more electricity than any kind of various other state in the country. This energy intake results from its size, but the enough land makes it a significant producer of wind power-- an eco-friendly, or eco-friendly, energy resource. The eco-friendly energy created by wind power is available to numerous Texas citizens to provide the electrical energy in their residence or business.
According to a 2014 report record the Texas Coalition union Affordable Power (TCAP), "deregulation cost Expense about Concerning22 billion from 2002 to 2012.

We promote for customers and also assess carriers in the Texas electrical energy market for functions and characteristics that regular power consumers might miss out on, such as high down payments, variable prices, motivations, "cost-free" strategies, and minimum usage plans. Our goal is to help customers locate the very best power service providers to fit their individual needs, in addition to educate consumers regarding prospective market risks.
Since 2002, roughly 85% of commercial as well as business consumers have switched power suppliers at the very least when. Approximately 40% of property consumers in decontrolled locations have actually switched from the previous incumbent company to a competitive REP.
The Public Energy Payment (PUC) has an internet site to help you locate as well as contrast all the electrical power plans and also companies in your area. You can filter your alternatives based on your use, your liked plan type, and several other factors. As soon as you have actually chosen the retail electrical power company that ideal fits your demands, you can authorize up straight from their internet site.
Therefore, 85% of Texas power customers (those served by a business not owned by a district or an energy cooperative) can choose their electricity service from a range of retail electrical companies (Associates), consisting of the incumbent utility. The incumbent utility in the area still has and preserves the regional power lines (and is the company to hire the event of a power blackout) and also is not subject to deregulation. Clients served by cooperatives or local utilities can select an alternate ASSOCIATE only if the utility has actually "opted in" to deregulation.

Cheap Electricity For Disabled Texas
Cheap Electricity And Gas Texas

Service providers understand that they are completing to win your company when you utilize our rate comparison process. As a result, they use cheap electric prices in hopes of becoming your new Texas power business. This advantages both you and also the company you pick. You receive an inexpensive electric rate as well as the plan of your option, as well as the company includes one more pleased customer.
Variable-rate strategy: A variable-rate plan suggests the price you spend for your electrical power may fluctuate based upon the market rate of power. Energy rate relies on many aspects, like weather, demand, fuel rates, the distribution system and the marketplace. Variable-rate strategies are versatile due to the fact that you are not secured into an agreement; nevertheless, you'll pay a greater price in high-demand seasons like summertime. A variable-rate plan may be perfect for you if you like to go shopping around and keep an eye on rates.
Texas Best Gas Supplier

Fixed-Rate strategy: With a fixed-rate plan, you'll secure a power price for the term of your contract. The most common term sizes are 6, 12, and 24 months. Many fixed-rate plans bill consumers an early discontinuation charge if they switch service providers prior to their contract ends, however your electrical energy price will certainly remain secure through the seasons. On the various other hand, you might miss out on reduced expenses from a recession in power rates. If the rate stability of a fixed-rate strategy seems like the very best alternative for you, secure your electrical power rate, which gives totally free electrical energy.
In ecological effect, results are combined. With the ability to invest profits to satisfy further power need, producers like TXU are recommending eleven new coal-fired power plants. Coal nuclear power plant are more affordable than all-natural gas-fired nuclear power plant, yet produce even more pollution.
Over the previous summertime, the Public Utilities Compensation of Texas has actually been baffled by Retail Energy Providers making use of rates tricks that deceive Texas customers into high regular monthly bills at its Power to Select website. The PUC of Texas' finest option was to tweak some type setups, limit the variety of REPRESENTATIVE plans, and also offer a "series of straightforward PDFs and video clips meant to notify the consumer and also direct." The chairman has even just recently claimed that if the PUCT can not figure out a remedy, then the commission may just close down the Power to Pick internet site.
Compare Power And Gas Texas

Contrasted to the remainder of the country, data from the UNITED STATE Energy Details Administration which publishes yearly state electric costs shows that Texas' electric prices did rise over the nationwide average quickly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, but, from 2010 to 2015 have actually relocated considerably listed below the nationwide average rate per kWh, with a total cost of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 country wide, or 17 percent reduced in Texas. Between 2002-2014 the total cost to Texas consumers is estimated to be $24B, approximately $5,100 per home, greater than equivalent markets under state policy.
Considering that 2002, around 85% of commercial as well as commercial consumers have changed power suppliers at the very least as soon as. Roughly 40% of residential customers in decontrolled areas have actually switched over from the former incumbent service provider to a competitive REP.
Despite the reality that Texas sees much higher temperatures year round, a lot of households have as well as utilize heating devices. These units produce warmth in among 4 methods: various other, lp, electrical energy and all-natural gas. Just over fifty percent of houses in Texas make use of electrical energy to run their heating systems. This is a much better standard than the overall standard for the nation.
Over the previous summer season, the general public Utilities Compensation of Texas has been baffled by Retail Energy Providers utilizing pricing tricks that rip off Texas consumers into high regular monthly costs at its Power to Pick site. The PUC of Texas' ideal service was to fine-tune some kind settings, restrict the number of REPRESENTATIVE strategies, as well as supply a "series of user-friendly PDFs and videos meant to inform the customer and guide." The chairman has even just recently claimed that if the PUCT can not determine an option, then the payment might just close down the Power to Choose website.

Which Electricity Supplier Texas
Texas electrical power rates are on their means down once more. After a summer season spike, electrical energy prices throughout Texas have fallen. Utility authorities were worried regarding having enough electrical energy to fulfill peak summer season demand. This resulted in electricity carriers increasing the prices on their dealt with rate strategies in anticipation of greater wholesale power rates.
You can usually find this info by looking at your electricity costs or by calling your energy supplier. According to the Public Energy Payment of Texas, consumers can switch over service providers without paying an early termination charge if they schedule the switch no earlier than 14 days before their present strategy expires.
Variable-rate strategy: A variable-rate strategy suggests the rate you pay for your power may vary based on the market rate of power. Variable-rate plans are flexible because you are not secured right into a contract; nonetheless, you'll pay a greater price in high-demand seasons like summer.
Texas power prices get on their way down once more. After a summer season spike, electrical power prices across Texas have actually fallen. Energy officials were concerned regarding having enough power to satisfy peak summer season demand. This caused electrical power suppliers increasing the prices on their taken care of rate plans in expectancy of greater wholesale electricity prices.
We meticulously screen Texas electricity providers in your area. With our support, you no longer require to track down different power companies, plans, as well as rates, because we give all the details you need to select the best supplier.
Several retail electrical power carriers in Texas want to be your selection for electrical power. Since the electrical energy market opened up, a lot more and more electricity service providers have gone into the market with numerous plans and also items. Firms use a wide range of electrical power plans and also advantages so customers can locate the electrical power strategy that best fits their demands. If the price security of a fixed-rate strategy appears like the finest alternative for you, secure in your power price, which offers totally free electrical energy.
×