In this free market contending electrical energy stores purchase electrical power wholesale from exclusive power generators to market at retail to about 80% of Texas homeowners. The collaboration in between merchants and generators is regulated by the Electric Dependability Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which tries to stabilize the power grid's electrical power supply and need by purchasing percentages of electricity at 15-minute intervals throughout the day.
Texas electrical energy prices are on their way down once again. After a summer spike, electrical energy rates across Texas have fallen. Utility officials were concerned about having enough electrical power to satisfy peak summer season demand. This caused electricity suppliers enhancing the prices on their repaired price strategies in anticipation of greater wholesale electricity prices.
Power to Pick is a program run by the Public Energy Payment of Texas. The program supplies a simple to use, on-line device that provide residents of the state the chance to contrast rates, plans and also other power options.
Locals as well as local business owner have been able to shop Texas electrical power supply prices for greater than a decade. When Texans got the capability to pick their wanted power company in 2002, the electrical sector divided right into two parts: supply and shipment. Retail power companies in Texas contend for organization, providing a variety of term agreements as well as supply prices for consumers to select from.
Texas electricity rates are on their method down again. After a summer season spike, power rates across Texas have dropped.
Texas presently produces as well as consumes more electricity than any kind of other state in the country. This energy usage is because of its dimension, however the adequate land makes it a significant manufacturer of wind power-- an eco-friendly, or green, power resource. The eco-friendly power produced by wind power is available to many Texas residents to supply the electrical power in their home or organization.
The majority of Texas electricity distributors offer strategies that include a portion of power sourced from renewable sources, such as hydro power, wind power as well as solar power. Some are absolutely sourced this way. These strategies are a great method for Texas energy clients to assist the setting without damaging the financial institution. Along with eco-friendly power plans, numerous Texas providers offer customers the option to buy renewable resource certificates, or RECs, that additional offset consumers' carbon exhausts. The acquisition of RECs likewise aids fund research as well as use of renewable energy resources, so that Texas can remain at the center of environmentally friendly power innovation.
The Texas Senate Expense 7, passed in 2002, provided 5.6 million Texans the power to choose a retail electric company (REP) to provide electrical power to their residence or business. This costs facilitated a competitive energy industry that 80 percent of Texans can profit from today. Energy choice is readily available to citizens in Houston, Dallas/Fort Well worth as well as various other cities in Texas.
Since the electrical power market opened, a lot more and much more power service providers have actually gotten in the market with numerous strategies and items. Companies provide a multitude of electrical power plans and also benefits so consumers can discover the power strategy that finest fits their needs.
Texas electrical energy rates are on their method down once more. After a summer spike, electricity rates across Texas have actually fallen.
Fixed-rate supply strategies provide price-protected supply rates for the size of a term agreement. The rate per kilowatt hr (kWh) will continue to be the very same throughout your term, also if the marketplace price varies. A fixed-rate supply plan can range from three months to 5 years, so it is essential to discover the term length that functions best for your scenario.
With the power to pick a supply strategy, shopping competitive Texas electric prices can potentially conserve you cash on your month-to-month electrical energy bills. Best of all, there isn't any kind of danger when you go shopping Texas power.
In this free enterprise completing electricity sellers buy electrical energy wholesale from private power generators to cost retail to about 80% of Texas citizens. The partnership between generators as well as stores is regulated by the Electric Integrity Council of Texas, or ERCOT, which attempts to balance the power grid's electrical power supply and also demand by buying small quantities of electrical energy at 15-minute periods throughout the day.
Contrasted to the remainder of the country, information from the U.S. Power Info Administration which releases yearly state electric costs shows that Texas' electric costs did climb above the nationwide typical immediately after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, however, from 2010 to 2015 have actually relocated considerably listed below the nationwide typical price per kWh, with a complete cost of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 across the country, or 17 percent lower in Texas. In between 2002-2014 the overall expense to Texas consumers is estimated to be $24B, a standard of $5,100 per home, greater than comparable markets under state regulation.
Cheap Electricity And Gas Texas
Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate plan, you'll secure an electrical energy rate for the regard to your agreement. The most common term lengths are 6, 12, and 24 months. Most fixed-rate plans bill customers a very early termination cost if they switch suppliers before their contract runs out, however your electrical power price will stay secure via the periods. On the other hand, you might miss out on out on lower bills from a slump in power costs. If the rate stability of a fixed-rate strategy appears like the very best option for you, lock in your electrical energy rate, which provides complimentary electrical power.
Utility business are in charge of transmission and delivery of power even in power decontrolled parts of Texas and also should be gotten in touch with in case of a power failure. Your retail energy vendor may give you affordable electrical prices or exceptional customer care, but they can not repair power lines or recover your service. When it comes to an emergency situation, call:
Cheap Electricity Monitor Texas
Over the previous summer, the general public Utilities Payment of Texas has actually been frustrated by Retail Energy Providers making use of prices tricks that deceive Texas consumers right into high regular monthly bills at its Power to Select web site. The PUC of Texas' best solution was to fine-tune some type settings, limit the variety of REP plans, and offer a "collection of user-friendly PDFs and also videos meant to assist and also educate the consumer." The chairman has also just recently said that if the PUCT can not figure out a solution, after that the compensation may simply shut down the Power to Pick internet site.
Although that Texas sees much higher temperatures year round, a lot of homes have and make use of heating up devices. These devices create warmth in among 4 ways: other, lp, power as well as natural gas. Just over half of households in Texas use electrical power to run their heating systems. This is a much better average than the general standard for the nation.
Power to Select is a program run by the Public Utility Compensation of Texas. The program provides an easy to utilize, on the internet device that offer locals of the state the opportunity to contrast rates, strategies as well as various other energy choices.
Variable-rate supply strategies, as the name suggests, have a rate that differs based on the marketplace cost of power. Seasonal and market fluctuations can influence supply prices. While variable-rate supply strategies can enable you to make the most of market-price lows, there is the opportunity of spending for high supply rates when need goes to its top. These strategies use terrific flexibility.
Variable-rate plan: A variable-rate strategy indicates the price you pay for your electrical power might change based upon the market rate of energy. Power price relies on many elements, like weather, need, fuel rates, the distribution system and the market. Variable-rate plans are adaptable due to the fact that you are not secured right into an agreement; nonetheless, you'll pay a higher rate in high-demand periods like summertime. If you such as to shop around as well as keep an eye on prices, a variable-rate plan might be optimal for you.
You can generally discover this details by looking at your electrical power bill or by calling your power provider. According to the Public Energy Compensation of Texas, clients can change companies without paying an early termination charge if they set up the button no earlier than 14 days before their present strategy expires.
A rate to beat taken care of at the actual wholesale purchase cost of electricity does not provide possible entrants a margin to compete versus incumbent energies. Second, the rate to defeat would have to be reasonably reduced, to allow as several customers as feasible to proceed to take in power during the transition period.
The Texas Us Senate Bill 7, passed in 2002, offered 5.6 million Texans the power to pick a retail electric provider (ASSOCIATE) to supply electrical energy to their residence or service. This expense promoted a competitive energy industry that 80 percent of Texans can take advantage of today. Energy selection is readily available to homeowners in Houston, Dallas/Fort Well worth along with other cities in Texas.
Utility business are accountable for transmission and delivery of electrical energy even in energy deregulated components of Texas as well as should be called in the event of a power failure. Your retail energy supplier might offer you affordable electric prices or exceptional customer support, but they can not repair high-voltage line or recover your service. When it comes to an emergency situation, get in touch with:
The Texas Senate Costs 7, come on 2002, gave 5.6 million Texans the power to pick a retail electrical provider (REPRESENTATIVE) to provide electricity to their residence or organization. This bill assisted in an affordable energy marketplace that 80 percent of Texans can maximize today. Energy option is offered to citizens in Houston, Dallas/Fort Worth as well as various other cities in Texas.
You can generally locate this information by looking at your electrical power costs or by calling your energy service provider. According to the Public Energy Payment of Texas, customers can change providers without paying an early discontinuation cost if they schedule the button no earlier than 14 days before their current strategy ends.
The company is the location web site for Texas residents and also entrepreneur to share their point of views as well as have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Power Market. We provide daily updated info concerning power prices in Houston, Dallas, Ft Well Worth, Arlington, and numerous various other cities in Texas. The company helps individuals make informed purchasing decisions via its customer examines system as well as is a reliable source for important customer understanding, suggestions, in-depth energy firm service evaluations, and also individualized referrals. Given that 2009, we've assisted over 2.1 million consumers discover the finest energy companies and prices.
We thoroughly evaluate Texas electrical energy companies in your location. We provide power prices and strategies from top providers in an user-friendly format on our internet site, so you can contrast the details. We take care of the intricate problems and also factors to consider, so you don't have to. With our help, you no much longer require to find various electrical power strategies, companies, as well as rates, due to the fact that we provide all the info you need to select the most effective company.
The state of Texas permits you to pick which electrical power supplier you utilize. Thousands of consumers and also organizations that have actually used our electrical energy price comparison process agree that, when shopping for industrial electricity or property electricity rates and also plans, our internet site is the one-stop source for the best choices from top electric companies.
In Texas, the typical house makes use of an average of 77 million Btu of electrical energy per year, which is around 14% much less than the nationwide standard. Damaging these stats down even further programs us that electricity use in the typical Texan residence is 26% greater than the remainder of the United States, nonetheless this isn't much higher than several other states that are closest to Texas.
Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate plan, you'll lock in an electrical energy rate for the regard to your contract. The most common term lengths are 6, 12, and also 24 months. The majority of fixed-rate strategies bill consumers a very early termination charge if they change carriers prior to their contract ends, but your electricity rate will remain stable with the periods. On the other hand, you may miss out on reduced expenses from a downturn in energy prices. If the price security of a fixed-rate plan feels like the very best option for you, secure your electrical energy price, which provides free electrical power.
Texas has power consumption of $24 billion a year, the highest possible amongst the UNITED STATE states. Its annual consumption is similar to that of Great Britain and Spain, and if the state were an independent nation, its electrical power market would be the 11th largest on the planet. Texas produces one of the most wind electrical power in the UNITED STATE, but additionally has the greatest Carbon Dioxide Emissions of any state. Since 2012, Texas household electrical power rates placed 31st in the United States and also typical monthly residential electrical bills in Texas were the 5th highest possible in the country.
Multiple retail electricity providers in Texas wish to be your option for electrical energy. We are committed to assisting you quickly assess the countless electricity plans available to Texas residences and companies. We are an independent source of details to help you contrast the most effective Texas electricity prices efficiently and also properly.
Variable-rate supply strategies, as the name recommends, have a rate that differs based on the market price of power. While variable-rate supply strategies can enable you to take advantage of market-price lows, there is the possibility of paying for high supply rates when need is at its top.
Therefore, 85% of Texas power consumers (those served by a business not had by a community or an energy cooperative) can choose their electricity solution from a variety of retail electric providers (REPs), consisting of the incumbent energy. The incumbent energy in the area still owns as well as preserves the neighborhood power lines (and is the firm to call in the occasion of a power interruption) as well as is not subject to deregulation. Clients offered by cooperatives or local utilities can choose an alternate REPRESENTATIVE just if the energy has "decided in" to deregulation.
Texas power prices are on their method down once more. After a summer season spike, electrical energy rates across Texas have dropped.
Electricity Prices In Texas
Variable-rate plan: A variable-rate strategy indicates the price you pay for your electrical power might change based on the market price of power. Variable-rate strategies are flexible due to the fact that you are not locked right into an agreement; nevertheless, you'll pay a higher cost in high-demand periods like summer season.
Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll lock in a power price for the term of your agreement. If the rate stability of a fixed-rate plan seems like the finest option for you, lock in your electricity price, which offers free power.
We support for customers as well as review companies in the Texas power market for attributes and also characteristics that normal power clients may miss out on, such as high deposits, variable rates, motivations, "cost-free" strategies, as well as minimum usage plans. Our mission is to assist consumers locate the most effective electrical energy suppliers to fit their individual needs, as well as inform consumers regarding possible industry risks.
Citizens and also local business owner have actually had the ability to shop Texas power supply rates for greater than a decade. When Texans got the capacity to choose their wanted power company in 2002, the electrical sector separated right into two parts: supply as well as distribution. Retail energy business in Texas compete for company, offering a variety of term agreements and supply rates for consumers to pick from.
An additional favorable ecological effect is the result of higher power costs on customer selections, similar to the United States market trend towards a lot more fuel-efficient cars. As electrical bills have actually increased, locals are reducing their electrical usage by utilizing more modest thermostat setups, mounting insulation, installing solar displays, and also various other such tasks. Texas energies are likewise mounting advanced electricity meters that might one day allow variable pricing based on the moment of day. This would permit power customers to conserve cash by further customizing their intake based upon whether it took place throughout the peak demand duration (high cost/high contamination) or the off-peak (evening time).
Variable-rate supply plans, as the name suggests, have a price that varies based upon the market rate of electricity. Seasonal and market variations can influence supply rates. While variable-rate supply plans can enable you to take benefit of market-price lows, there is the opportunity of spending for high supply prices when demand is at its top. These plans offer excellent flexibility.
Power to Select is a program run by the Public Energy Compensation of Texas. The program supplies an easy to use, on-line tool that offer residents of the state the chance to compare prices, plans and also other power options.
After Senate Expense 7 went into impact in January 2002, virtually 6 million power consumers ended up being qualified to choose their power distributor. That number has actually expanded through the years. By decontrolling the state's energy market, the Texas Us senate offered components the power to pick. The process of power deregulation in Texas took down the energies' syndicate over the electric market as well as motivated customers to discover their power choices.
By deregulating the state's power market, the Texas Us senate offered components the power to select. The procedure of energy deregulation in Texas took down the utilities' monopoly over the electrical market as well as encouraged customers to explore their power options.
Compared to the rest of the nation, data from the UNITED STATE Energy Details Administration which publishes annual state electrical costs shows that Texas' electrical prices did rise above the nationwide average quickly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, however, from 2010 to 2015 have actually moved substantially below the nationwide average rate per kWh, with an overall cost of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 nationally, or 17 percent lower in Texas. Between 2002-2014 the total cost to Texas customers is estimated to be $24B, an average of $5,100 per home, greater than comparable markets under state guideline.
Contrasted to the rest of the nation, information from the UNITED STATE Energy Information Administration which publishes annual state electrical rates reveals that Texas' electrical prices did climb over the nationwide ordinary immediately after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, yet, from 2010 to 2015 have relocated dramatically below the nationwide ordinary cost per kWh, with an overall cost of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 country wide, or 17 percent lower in Texas. In between 2002-2014 the total cost to Texas customers is approximated to be $24B, approximately $5,100 per family, even more than comparable markets under state regulation.
Thousands of consumers as well as services that have actually used our electrical power rate contrast procedure concur that, when purchasing for commercial electrical power or residential electricity prices and also strategies, our website is the one-stop resource for the best choices from leading electric suppliers.
Since the Texas electricity market open up to competition in 2002, numerous Texas locals have actually had the possibility to choose their own electricity company. Rather than depending on their regional utility to offer them with electricity, many Texans can pick from a selection of affordable suppliers, permitting them to search for the best electrical power prepare for their way of livings and also houses.
There are several choices for term lengths in the Texas power market. Various term lengths frequently have various cost points, so if you're extra versatile with the size of your agreement, you could get a more affordable rate. If you prefer to prevent a lasting commitment while longer agreements generally supply the benefit of longer-term rate security, agreements with shorter term lengths are terrific.
Compared to the remainder of the country, information from the UNITED STATE Energy Info Administration which publishes yearly state electric prices reveals that Texas' electrical costs did rise above the nationwide average immediately after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, however, from 2010 to 2015 have relocated significantly listed below the national typical rate per kWh, with a complete expense of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 country wide, or 17 percent reduced in Texas. Between 2002-2014 the total cost to Texas customers is estimated to be $24B, approximately $5,100 per household, greater than comparable markets under state policy.
The General Public Energy Commission (PUC) has a web site to assist you contrast as well as find all the electricity strategies and also providers in your location. You can filter your choices based on your usage, your favored plan kind, and a number of various other aspects. As soon as you have actually chosen the retail electricity carrier that finest fits your needs, you can join straight from their site.
Fixed-rate plans: Fixed-rate plans give clients extra stability for their month-to-month energy expenses due to the fact that the rate a customer signs up with is the price she or he spends for the size of the plan's contract. A lot of change features usage, though transmission and also delivery fees and also neighborhood charges also can alter. Due to the fact that a fixed-rate plan in some cases extends two-three years, these plans often call for a consumer credit history check as well as can consist of early termination costs. Fixed-rate strategies, since of the continuing market volatility, most likely are the best option for several consumers.
With the power to select a supply plan, purchasing affordable Texas electric rates could potentially conserve you money on your regular monthly electrical power expenses. Best of all, there isn't any kind of threat when you go shopping Texas power.
There are numerous various choices for term sizes in the Texas energy market. Different term sizes often have different rate factors, so if you're more adaptable with the size of your contract, you might get a more affordable rate. If you like to prevent a long-lasting commitment while longer agreements generally give the benefit of longer-term rate security, contracts with much shorter term lengths are wonderful.
Fixed-Rate strategy: With a fixed-rate strategy, you'll secure in a power rate for the term of your contract. If the price stability of a fixed-rate plan seems like the ideal option for you, secure in your electrical power rate, which provides totally free power.
In discovering you the most effective Texas electric prices, we only detail electric companies that have excellent company security, exceptional solution, ecological recognition, as well as clear prices. This protects you from suppliers that might soon go out of business, are unattentive to consumers, are environmentally unbalanced, or may end up billing you a greater price than promoted.
You can typically locate this details by looking at your electrical power bill or by calling your power provider. According to the Public Utility Payment of Texas, customers can change suppliers without paying an early termination cost if they set up the switch no earlier than 14 days prior to their present strategy expires.
In Texas, the average family uses an average of 77 million Btu of power each year, which is about 14% much less than the nationwide average. Breaking these statistics down also further programs us that power use in the typical Texan house is 26% more than the remainder of the United States, however this isn't a lot greater than several other states that are closest to Texas. When it comes to cost, the ordinary total household costs each year is $1,9217. This quantity rates among the highest throughout America, yet other states that generally see skyrocketing temperature levels in the summer season aren't much behind.
The power to pick supply rates from retail energy business in Texas encompasses businesses, not simply residents. Business proprietors who care concerning the lower line must most definitely consider shopping about. To buy Texas electric prices for a business, call us with your power use details or complete our easy informative type so a power agent can call you with a totally free customized quote.
Variable-rate supply plans, as the name recommends, have a rate that varies based on the market rate of electricity. Seasonal and market fluctuations can impact supply prices. While variable-rate supply strategies can permit you to take advantage of market-price lows, there is the possibility of spending for high supply prices when need goes to its height. These plans offer fantastic versatility.
Compared to the remainder of the country, information from the UNITED STATE Energy Details Administration which publishes annual state electrical prices shows that Texas' electrical costs did increase above the nationwide typical instantly after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, yet, from 2010 to 2015 have actually relocated significantly below the nationwide average cost per kWh, with an overall expense of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 across the country, or 17 percent reduced in Texas. In between 2002-2014 the complete price to Texas customers is estimated to be $24B, approximately $5,100 per house, greater than similar markets under state law.
In deregulation of electrical energy markets, one prompt problem with rates is that incumbent electrical power service providers would damage the rates of new entrants, protecting against competition and also bolstering the existing syndicate of carriers. Hence, the SB7 expense presented a phase-in period throughout which a cost flooring would certainly be established (for incumbent electrical energy firms) to stop this aggressive method, enabling new market entrants to end up being established. As of 2007 Texas financier had utility affiliates no much longer have rate to beat tolls.
A lot of Texas electricity vendors supply plans that consist of a percent of energy sourced from eco-friendly resources, such as hydro power, wind power as well as solar power. In enhancement to environment-friendly power strategies, several Texas providers provide consumers the option to buy renewable energy certificates, or RECs, that more offset consumers' carbon exhausts.
Several retail electrical power carriers in Texas wish to be your choice for electricity. We are devoted to helping you quickly review the various electricity strategies available to Texas businesses as well as residences. We are an independent source of details to assist you contrast the most effective Texas electrical power prices successfully and properly.
Gone are the days when you needed to contact electrical firms to find their prices, and also bargain a far better bargain on your own. Today, the business does the help you, handling the entire procedure of finding the most effective Texas electrical power prices as well as plans from suppliers that have a pedigree of organization security, client service, eco-friendliness, as well as financial transparency. This enables you to look for electricity in simply a couple of mins, right from your computer system.
Fixed-Rate plan: With a fixed-rate plan, you'll lock in an electrical power rate for the term of your agreement. If the price stability of a fixed-rate strategy seems like the finest option for you, secure in your electrical energy price, which offers totally free electrical power.
Compared to the remainder of the nation, data from the UNITED STATE Power Information Management which publishes yearly state electric rates reveals that Texas' electric rates did climb above the nationwide ordinary right away after deregulation from 2003 to 2009, yet, from 2010 to 2015 have actually relocated dramatically below the national average price per kWh, with an overall price of $0.0863 per kWh in Texas in 2015 vs. $0.1042 across the country, or 17 percent lower in Texas. Between 2002-2014 the overall expense to Texas consumers is estimated to be $24B, approximately $5,100 per home, greater than equivalent markets under state law.
Texas presently produces and also consumes more power than any various other state in the country. This power usage results from its dimension, however the ample land makes it a significant producer of wind power-- an eco-friendly, or eco-friendly, energy resource. The ecologically friendly power produced by wind power is readily available to many Texas residents to provide the electrical energy in their house or business.
With the power to select a supply strategy, purchasing competitive Texas electric rates could possibly conserve you cash on your monthly electrical energy expenses. Sites can assist you contrast retail energy business in Texas, locating the supply strategy that is right for you. Best of all, there isn't any kind of danger when you go shopping Texas electrical energy. Basic enter your ZIP code to start locating electric supply prices in your area.
In ecological influence, outcomes are combined. With the capability to spend earnings to satisfy more power demand, manufacturers like TXU are recommending eleven brand-new coal-fired nuclear power plant. Coal nuclear power plant are less costly than all-natural gas-fired power plants, yet produce more contamination.
The company is the location website for Texas residents and also entrepreneur to share their point of views and have a voice in the Texas Deregulated Power Market. We provide daily upgraded info about electrical power prices in Houston, Dallas, Ft Worth, Arlington, and hundreds of various other cities in Texas. The firm aids individuals make notified buying decisions via its customer evaluates platform and is a dependable resource for useful consumer understanding, recommendations, extensive power business service assessments, and tailored suggestions. Since 2009, we have actually helped over 2.1 million shoppers discover the best energy service providers and rates.
Citizens as well as service owners have been able to shop Texas power supply prices for greater than a years. When Texans got the capability to pick their wanted energy business in 2002, the electrical sector split into two components: supply as well as shipment. Retail power companies in Texas complete for service, using a range of term agreements and supply prices for customers to pick from.
These units create warmth in one of 4 methods: other, propane, electricity and also natural gas. Just over fifty percent of households in Texas use electricity to run their heating devices.
Before you switch suppliers, you'll require to figure out whether you're under an agreement with your present carrier, as well as if so, how much time you have left on your contract. You can normally locate this info by considering your electrical energy costs or by calling your power company. If you select to switch before your agreement is up, your present agreement may lay out a very early termination fee. Nevertheless, according to the Public Energy Compensation of Texas, customers can switch suppliers without paying a very early termination cost if they arrange the switch no earlier than 2 week before their present strategy runs out. When you alter providers, you'll have the ability to suggest the day you want the switch to take place.
Environment-friendly energy strategies are supported 100% by Renewable Power Certifications (RECs) that are purchased and also retired in an amount adequate to match your yearly usage. RECs are a tradeable, non-tangible energy product in the United States that represents proof that 1 megawatt-hour (MWh) of electricity was generated from an eligible renewable resource resource like biomass, hydro, solar or wind. Please see your Regards to Solution for additional information.
Fixed-rate strategies: Fixed-rate strategies provide consumers more stability for their month-to-month energy bills since the price a customer signs up with is the price he or she pays for the size of the plan's contract. Due to the fact that a fixed-rate plan occasionally covers two-three years, these plans frequently need a consumer credit scores check and can consist of early cancellation fees.